Effects of goal setting on fear of failure in young elite athletes

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Johan Michael Wikman
  • Stelter, Reinhard
  • Marcus Melzer
  • Marie-Louise Trier Hauge
  • Anne-Marie Elbe
This study reports the effects of a goal-setting intervention on fear of failure in young elite athletes. Using the hierarchical model of approach and avoidance motivation as a theoretical vantage point, a goal-setting intervention using mastery-approach goals and existing goalsetting recommendations was used as intervention. The goal-setting group (n = 33) attended 12 weekly, one-hour goal-setting sessions, while the control group (n = 16) did not. A Danish version of the short form of the Achievement Motives Scale-Sport was tested with a confirmatory factor analysis and showed good fit. It was used to measure fear of failure at baseline, at the end of intervention and at follow-up, 12 weeks after intervention had ended. Results showed that in the goal-setting group, fear of failure decreased significantly from baseline to end of intervention, but increased again from end of intervention to follow-up. This indicates that fear of failure is an achievement motive disposition that can be changed through certain achievement experiences. Implications for practice and future research are discussed.
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)185-205
Antal sider21
StatusUdgivet - 2014

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2014 NEXS 047


  • psychology, sports and games

ID: 98959203