Prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with chronic intestinal failure — how are SARC-F and the EWGSOP algorithm associated before and after a physical exercise intervention
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Introduction: Patients with chronic intestinal failure (IF) have a low degree of physical activity, decreased muscle mass, and decreased muscle strength, leading to a high risk of sarcopenia. We aimed to test the prevalence of sarcopenia by the use of SARC-F and EWGSOP and to investigate the association between the two at baseline and after 12 weeks of an exercise intervention.
Methods: Thirty-one patients with chronic IF completed 12 weeks of three weekly home-based individualized exercise sessions. Body composition was measured by bioimpedance analysis and physical function by handgrip strength (HGS) and timed up-and-go (TUG). Sarcopenia was assessed by SARC-F and EWGSOP. Multiple regression analysis was used to test for the association between the two tools.
Results: The prevalence of sarcopenia measured by EWGSOP was 59%. This prevalence did not change after the intervention. At baseline, 38.8% of patients were screened as at risk for sarcopenia by SARC-F. This decreased to 29.0% after the intervention (P < 0.001). A statistically significant increase was achieved in muscle mass (P = 0.017) and muscle mass index (P = 0.016). Furthermore, both TUG (P = 0.033) and HGS (P = 0.019) improved.
Conclusions: Sarcopenia is prevalent in patients with chronic IF. EWGSOP finds more patients to be at risk of sarcopenia than SARC-F but was not sufficiently sensitive to measure changes induced by the physical intervention. The significant change in SARC-F may illustrate that patients, themselves, find an improvement in self-perceived health.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition|
|Status||E-pub ahead of print - 19 sep. 2022|
CURIS 2022 NEXS 252
© 2022 The Authors. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.