Occupational heat strain in outdoor workers: A comprehensive review and meta-analysis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewfagfællebedømt

  • Leonidas G Ioannou
  • Josh Foster
  • Nathan Bradley Morris
  • Piil, Jacob Feder
  • George Havenith
  • Igor B Mekjavic
  • Glen P Kenny
  • Nybo, Lars
  • Andreas D Flouris

The present comprehensive review (i) summarizes the current knowledge on the impacts of occupational heat stress on outdoor workers, (ii) provides a historical background on this issue, (iii) presents a meta-analysis of published data, (iv) explores inter-individual and intra-individual factors, (v) discusses the available heat mitigation strategies, (vi) estimates physical work capacity, labour productivity, and metabolic rate for the year 2030, and (vii) provides an overview of existing policy and legal frameworks on occupational heat exposure. Meta-analytic findings from 38 field studies that involved monitoring 2,409 outdoor workers across 41 jobs in 21 countries suggest that occupational heat stress increases the core (r = 0.44) and skin (r = 0.44) temperatures, as well as the heart rate (r = 0.38) and urine specific gravity (r = 0.13) of outdoor workers (all p < 0.05). Moreover, it diminishes the capacity of outdoor workers for manual labour (r = -0.82; p < 0.001) and is responsible for more than two thirds of the reduction in their metabolic rate. Importantly, our analysis shows that physical work capacity is projected to be highly affected by the ongoing anthropogenic global warming. Nevertheless, the metabolic rate and, therefore, labour productivity are projected to remain at levels higher than the workers' physical work capacity, indicating that people will continue to work more intensely than they should to meet their financial obligations for food and shelter. In this respect, complementary measures targeting self-pacing, hydration, work-rest regimes, ventilated garments, and mechanization can be adopted to protect outdoor workers.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftTemperature
Vol/bind9
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)67-102
Antal sider36
ISSN2332-8940
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2022

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2022 NEXS 147

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