Limitations in intense exercise performance of athletes - effect of speed endurance training on ion handling and fatigue development

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Limitations in intense exercise performance of athletes - effect of speed endurance training on ion handling and fatigue development. / Hostrup, Morten; Bangsbo, Jens.

I: Journal of Physiology, Bind 595, Nr. 9, 2017, s. 2897-2913.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hostrup, M & Bangsbo, J 2017, 'Limitations in intense exercise performance of athletes - effect of speed endurance training on ion handling and fatigue development', Journal of Physiology, bind 595, nr. 9, s. 2897-2913. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP273218

APA

Hostrup, M., & Bangsbo, J. (2017). Limitations in intense exercise performance of athletes - effect of speed endurance training on ion handling and fatigue development. Journal of Physiology, 595(9), 2897-2913. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP273218

Vancouver

Hostrup M, Bangsbo J. Limitations in intense exercise performance of athletes - effect of speed endurance training on ion handling and fatigue development. Journal of Physiology. 2017;595(9):2897-2913. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP273218

Author

Hostrup, Morten ; Bangsbo, Jens. / Limitations in intense exercise performance of athletes - effect of speed endurance training on ion handling and fatigue development. I: Journal of Physiology. 2017 ; Bind 595, Nr. 9. s. 2897-2913.

Bibtex

@article{21f7b4b7cdc44855a4905a23c470e84d,
title = "Limitations in intense exercise performance of athletes - effect of speed endurance training on ion handling and fatigue development",
abstract = "Mechanisms underlying fatigue development and limitations for performance during intense exercise have been intensively studied during the past couple of decades. Fatigue development may involve several interacting factors and depends on type of exercise undertaken and training level of the individual. Intense exercise (½-6 min) causes major ionic perturbations (Ca(2+) , Cl(-) , H(+) , K(+) , lactate(-) , and Na(+) ) that may reduce sarcolemmal excitability, Ca(2+) release, and force production of skeletal muscle. Maintenance of ion homeostasis is thus essential to sustain force production and power output during intense exercise. Regular speed endurance training (SET), i.e. exercise performed at intensities above that corresponding to maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max ), enhances intense exercise performance. However, most of the studies that have provided mechanistic insight into the beneficial effects of SET have been conducted in untrained and recreationally active individuals, making extrapolation towards athletes' performance difficult. Nevertheless, recent studies indicate that only few weeks of SET enhances intense exercise performance in highly-trained individuals. In these studies, the enhanced performance was not associated with changes in VO2max and muscle oxidative capacity, but rather with adaptations in muscle ion handling, including lowered interstitial concentrations of K(+) during and in recovery from intense exercise, improved lactate(-) /H(+) transport and H(+) regulation, and enhanced Ca(2+) release function. The purpose of this topical review is to provide an overview of the effect of SET and to discuss potential mechanisms underlying enhancements in performance induced by SET in already well-trained individuals with special emphasis on ion handling in skeletal muscle. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Endurance exercise, Fatigue resilience, High intensity, KATP, MCT, NKCC, NHE, KIR",
author = "Morten Hostrup and Jens Bangsbo",
note = "CURIS 2017 NEXS 121",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1113/JP273218",
language = "English",
volume = "595",
pages = "2897--2913",
journal = "The Journal of Physiology",
issn = "0022-3751",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Limitations in intense exercise performance of athletes - effect of speed endurance training on ion handling and fatigue development

AU - Hostrup, Morten

AU - Bangsbo, Jens

N1 - CURIS 2017 NEXS 121

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Mechanisms underlying fatigue development and limitations for performance during intense exercise have been intensively studied during the past couple of decades. Fatigue development may involve several interacting factors and depends on type of exercise undertaken and training level of the individual. Intense exercise (½-6 min) causes major ionic perturbations (Ca(2+) , Cl(-) , H(+) , K(+) , lactate(-) , and Na(+) ) that may reduce sarcolemmal excitability, Ca(2+) release, and force production of skeletal muscle. Maintenance of ion homeostasis is thus essential to sustain force production and power output during intense exercise. Regular speed endurance training (SET), i.e. exercise performed at intensities above that corresponding to maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max ), enhances intense exercise performance. However, most of the studies that have provided mechanistic insight into the beneficial effects of SET have been conducted in untrained and recreationally active individuals, making extrapolation towards athletes' performance difficult. Nevertheless, recent studies indicate that only few weeks of SET enhances intense exercise performance in highly-trained individuals. In these studies, the enhanced performance was not associated with changes in VO2max and muscle oxidative capacity, but rather with adaptations in muscle ion handling, including lowered interstitial concentrations of K(+) during and in recovery from intense exercise, improved lactate(-) /H(+) transport and H(+) regulation, and enhanced Ca(2+) release function. The purpose of this topical review is to provide an overview of the effect of SET and to discuss potential mechanisms underlying enhancements in performance induced by SET in already well-trained individuals with special emphasis on ion handling in skeletal muscle. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AB - Mechanisms underlying fatigue development and limitations for performance during intense exercise have been intensively studied during the past couple of decades. Fatigue development may involve several interacting factors and depends on type of exercise undertaken and training level of the individual. Intense exercise (½-6 min) causes major ionic perturbations (Ca(2+) , Cl(-) , H(+) , K(+) , lactate(-) , and Na(+) ) that may reduce sarcolemmal excitability, Ca(2+) release, and force production of skeletal muscle. Maintenance of ion homeostasis is thus essential to sustain force production and power output during intense exercise. Regular speed endurance training (SET), i.e. exercise performed at intensities above that corresponding to maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max ), enhances intense exercise performance. However, most of the studies that have provided mechanistic insight into the beneficial effects of SET have been conducted in untrained and recreationally active individuals, making extrapolation towards athletes' performance difficult. Nevertheless, recent studies indicate that only few weeks of SET enhances intense exercise performance in highly-trained individuals. In these studies, the enhanced performance was not associated with changes in VO2max and muscle oxidative capacity, but rather with adaptations in muscle ion handling, including lowered interstitial concentrations of K(+) during and in recovery from intense exercise, improved lactate(-) /H(+) transport and H(+) regulation, and enhanced Ca(2+) release function. The purpose of this topical review is to provide an overview of the effect of SET and to discuss potential mechanisms underlying enhancements in performance induced by SET in already well-trained individuals with special emphasis on ion handling in skeletal muscle. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Endurance exercise

KW - Fatigue resilience

KW - High intensity

KW - KATP

KW - MCT

KW - NKCC

KW - NHE

KW - KIR

U2 - 10.1113/JP273218

DO - 10.1113/JP273218

M3 - Review

C2 - 27673449

VL - 595

SP - 2897

EP - 2913

JO - The Journal of Physiology

JF - The Journal of Physiology

SN - 0022-3751

IS - 9

ER -

ID: 166272255