High glycogen levels enhance glycogen breakdown in isolated contracting skeletal muscle

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The influence of supranormal muscle glycogen levels on glycogen breakdown in contracting muscle was investigated. Rats either rested or swam for 3 h and subsequently had their isolated hindquarters perfused after 21 h with access to food. Muscle glycogen concentrations were measured before and after 15 min of intermittent electrical muscle stimulation. Before stimulation, glycogen was higher in rats that swam on the preceding day (supercompensated rats) compared with controls. During muscle contractions, glycogen breakdown in fast-twitch red and white fibers was larger in supercompensated hindquarters than in controls, and glycogenolysis correlated significantly with precontraction glycogen concentrations. In slow-twitch fibers, electrical stimulation did not elicit glycogenolysis in either group. Glucose uptake and lactate release were decreased and increased, respectively, in supercompensated hindquarters compared with controls. O2 uptake, release of tyrosine and glycerol, and tension development were similar in the two groups. In conclusion, during muscle contractions, increased muscle glycogen levels lead to increased breakdown of glycogen and release of lactate and decreased uptake of glucose by mechanisms exerted within the muscle cells. Intramuscular lipolysis and net protein breakdown are unaffected. There seems to be no close linkage between needs and mobilization of fuel within the working muscle.

TidsskriftJournal of Applied Physiology
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)827-831
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 1986

ID: 154758121