Fatty acid type-specific regulation of SIRT1 does not affect insulin sensitivity in human skeletal muscle

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent deacetylase, sirtuin (SIRT)1, in skeletal muscle is reduced in insulin-resistant states. However, whether this is an initial mechanism responsible for mediating insulin resistance in human skeletal muscle remains to be investigated. Also, SIRT1 acts as a mitochondrial gene transcriptional regulator and is induced by a short-term, high-fat diet (HFD) in human skeletal muscle. Whether saturated or unsaturated fatty acids (FAs) in the diet are important for this is unknown. We subjected 17 healthy, young men to a eucaloric control (Con) diet and 1 of 2 hypercaloric [+75% energy (E%)] HFDs for 3 d enriched in either saturated (Sat) FA (79 E% fat; Sat) or unsaturated FA (78 E% fat; Unsat). After Sat, SIRT1 protein content and activity in skeletal muscle increased ( P < 0.05; ∼40%) while remaining unchanged after Unsat. Whole-body insulin sensitivity and insulin-stimulated leg glucose uptake were reduced ( P < 0.01; ∼20%) to a similar extent compared to Con after both HFDs. We demonstrate a novel FA type-dependent regulation of SIRT1 protein in human skeletal muscle. Moreover, regulation of SIRT1 does not seem to be an initiating factor responsible for mediating insulin resistance in human skeletal muscle.

TidsskriftF A S E B Journal
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)5510-5519
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2019 NEXS 040

ID: 212909742