Eccentric exercise decreases maximal insulin action in humans: muscle and systemic effects

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Eccentric exercise decreases maximal insulin action in humans : muscle and systemic effects. / Asp, Svend; Daugaard, J R; Kristiansen, S; Kiens, Bente; Richter, Erik A.

I: Journal of Physiology, Bind 494, Nr. 3, 1996, s. 891-898.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Asp, S, Daugaard, JR, Kristiansen, S, Kiens, B & Richter, EA 1996, 'Eccentric exercise decreases maximal insulin action in humans: muscle and systemic effects', Journal of Physiology, bind 494, nr. 3, s. 891-898.

APA

Asp, S., Daugaard, J. R., Kristiansen, S., Kiens, B., & Richter, E. A. (1996). Eccentric exercise decreases maximal insulin action in humans: muscle and systemic effects. Journal of Physiology, 494(3), 891-898.

Vancouver

Asp S, Daugaard JR, Kristiansen S, Kiens B, Richter EA. Eccentric exercise decreases maximal insulin action in humans: muscle and systemic effects. Journal of Physiology. 1996;494(3):891-898.

Author

Asp, Svend ; Daugaard, J R ; Kristiansen, S ; Kiens, Bente ; Richter, Erik A. / Eccentric exercise decreases maximal insulin action in humans : muscle and systemic effects. I: Journal of Physiology. 1996 ; Bind 494, Nr. 3. s. 891-898.

Bibtex

@article{8049c143384d4ca39f24c29140aa5b14,
title = "Eccentric exercise decreases maximal insulin action in humans: muscle and systemic effects",
abstract = "1. Unaccustomed eccentric exercise decreases whole-body insulin action in humans. To study the effects of one-legged eccentric exercise on insulin action in muscle and systemically, the euglycaemic clamp technique combined with arterial and bilateral femoral venous catheterization was used. Seven subjects participated in two euglycaemic clamps, performed in random order. One clamp was preceded 2 days earlier by one-legged eccentric exercise (post-eccentric exercise clamp (PEC)) and one was without the prior exercise (control clamp (CC)). 2. During PEC the maximal insulin-stimulated glucose uptake over the eccentric thigh was marginally lower when compared with the control thigh, (11.9{\%}, 64.6 +/- 10.3 vs. 73.3 +/- 10.2 mumol kg-1 min-1, P = 0.08), whereas no inter-thigh difference was observed at a submaximal insulin concentration. The glycogen concentration was lower in the eccentric thigh for all three clamp steps used (P < 0.05). The glucose transporter GLUT4 protein content was on average 39{\%} lower (P < 0.05) in the eccentric thigh in the basal state, whereas the maximal activity of glycogen synthase was identical in the two thighs for all clamp steps. 3. The glucose infusion rate (GIR) necessary to maintain euglycaemia during maximal insulin stimulation was lower during PEC compared with CC (15.7{\%}, 81.3 +/- 3.2 vs. 96.4 +/- 8.8 mumol kg-1 min-1, P < 0.05). 4. Our data show that 2 days after unaccustomed eccentric exercise, muscle and whole-body insulin action is impaired at maximal but not submaximal concentrations. The local effect cannot account for the whole-body effect, suggesting the release of a factor which decreases insulin responsiveness systemically.",
keywords = "Adult, Exercise, Glucose, Glycogen, Humans, Insulin, Male, Muscle, Skeletal, Thigh",
author = "Svend Asp and Daugaard, {J R} and S Kristiansen and Bente Kiens and Richter, {Erik A.}",
year = "1996",
language = "English",
volume = "494",
pages = "891--898",
journal = "The Journal of Physiology",
issn = "0022-3751",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eccentric exercise decreases maximal insulin action in humans

T2 - muscle and systemic effects

AU - Asp, Svend

AU - Daugaard, J R

AU - Kristiansen, S

AU - Kiens, Bente

AU - Richter, Erik A.

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - 1. Unaccustomed eccentric exercise decreases whole-body insulin action in humans. To study the effects of one-legged eccentric exercise on insulin action in muscle and systemically, the euglycaemic clamp technique combined with arterial and bilateral femoral venous catheterization was used. Seven subjects participated in two euglycaemic clamps, performed in random order. One clamp was preceded 2 days earlier by one-legged eccentric exercise (post-eccentric exercise clamp (PEC)) and one was without the prior exercise (control clamp (CC)). 2. During PEC the maximal insulin-stimulated glucose uptake over the eccentric thigh was marginally lower when compared with the control thigh, (11.9%, 64.6 +/- 10.3 vs. 73.3 +/- 10.2 mumol kg-1 min-1, P = 0.08), whereas no inter-thigh difference was observed at a submaximal insulin concentration. The glycogen concentration was lower in the eccentric thigh for all three clamp steps used (P < 0.05). The glucose transporter GLUT4 protein content was on average 39% lower (P < 0.05) in the eccentric thigh in the basal state, whereas the maximal activity of glycogen synthase was identical in the two thighs for all clamp steps. 3. The glucose infusion rate (GIR) necessary to maintain euglycaemia during maximal insulin stimulation was lower during PEC compared with CC (15.7%, 81.3 +/- 3.2 vs. 96.4 +/- 8.8 mumol kg-1 min-1, P < 0.05). 4. Our data show that 2 days after unaccustomed eccentric exercise, muscle and whole-body insulin action is impaired at maximal but not submaximal concentrations. The local effect cannot account for the whole-body effect, suggesting the release of a factor which decreases insulin responsiveness systemically.

AB - 1. Unaccustomed eccentric exercise decreases whole-body insulin action in humans. To study the effects of one-legged eccentric exercise on insulin action in muscle and systemically, the euglycaemic clamp technique combined with arterial and bilateral femoral venous catheterization was used. Seven subjects participated in two euglycaemic clamps, performed in random order. One clamp was preceded 2 days earlier by one-legged eccentric exercise (post-eccentric exercise clamp (PEC)) and one was without the prior exercise (control clamp (CC)). 2. During PEC the maximal insulin-stimulated glucose uptake over the eccentric thigh was marginally lower when compared with the control thigh, (11.9%, 64.6 +/- 10.3 vs. 73.3 +/- 10.2 mumol kg-1 min-1, P = 0.08), whereas no inter-thigh difference was observed at a submaximal insulin concentration. The glycogen concentration was lower in the eccentric thigh for all three clamp steps used (P < 0.05). The glucose transporter GLUT4 protein content was on average 39% lower (P < 0.05) in the eccentric thigh in the basal state, whereas the maximal activity of glycogen synthase was identical in the two thighs for all clamp steps. 3. The glucose infusion rate (GIR) necessary to maintain euglycaemia during maximal insulin stimulation was lower during PEC compared with CC (15.7%, 81.3 +/- 3.2 vs. 96.4 +/- 8.8 mumol kg-1 min-1, P < 0.05). 4. Our data show that 2 days after unaccustomed eccentric exercise, muscle and whole-body insulin action is impaired at maximal but not submaximal concentrations. The local effect cannot account for the whole-body effect, suggesting the release of a factor which decreases insulin responsiveness systemically.

KW - Adult

KW - Exercise

KW - Glucose

KW - Glycogen

KW - Humans

KW - Insulin

KW - Male

KW - Muscle, Skeletal

KW - Thigh

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 8865083

VL - 494

SP - 891

EP - 898

JO - The Journal of Physiology

JF - The Journal of Physiology

SN - 0022-3751

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 154748288