Role of liver nerves and adrenal medulla in glucose turnover of running rats

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Sympathetic control of glucose turnover was studied in rats running 35 min at 21 m X min-1 on the level. The rats were surgically liver denervated, adrenodemedullated, or sham operated. Glucose turnover was measured by primed constant infusion of [3-3H]glucose. At rest, the three groups had identical turnover rates and concentrations of glucose in plasma. During running, glucose production always rose rapidly to steady levels. The increase was not influenced by liver denervation but was halved by adrenodemedullation. Similarly, hepatic glycogen depletion was identical in denervated and control rats but reduced after adrenodemedullation. Early in exercise, glucose uptake rose identically in all groups and, in adrenodemedullated rats, matched glucose production. Accordingly, plasma glucose concentration increased in liver-denervated and control rats but was constant in adrenodemedullated rats. Compensatory changes in hormone or substrate levels explaining the lack of effect of liver denervation were not found. In rats with intact adrenals, the plasma epinephrine concentration was increased after 2.5 min of running. It is concluded that, in rats carrying out exercise of moderate intensity and duration, hepatic glycogenolysis and glucose production are not influenced by the autonomic liver nerves but are enhanced by circulating epinephrine.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1640-1646
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1985

    Research areas

  • Adrenal Medulla, Animals, Blood Glucose, Corticosterone, Denervation, Epinephrine, Glucagon, Glucose, Insulin, Lactates, Liver, Liver Glycogen, Male, Muscles, Norepinephrine, Physical Exertion, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains

ID: 154758505