The effect of training on responses of beta-endorphin and other pituitary hormones to insulin-induced hypoglycemia
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We studied whether the previously reported intensified beta-endorphin response to exercise after training might result from a training-induced general increase in anterior pituitary secretory capacity. Identical hypoglycemia was induced by insulin infusion in 7 untrained (VO2max 49 +/- 4 ml X (kg X min)-1, mean and SE) and 8 physically trained (VO2max 65 +/- 4 ml X (kg X min)-1) subjects. In response to hypoglycemia, levels of beta-endorphin and prolactin immunoreactivity in serum increased similarly in trained (from 41 +/- 2 pg X ml-1 and 6 +/- 1 pg X ml-1 before hypoglycemia to 103 +/- 11 pg X ml-1 and 43 +/- 9 pg X ml-1 during recovery, P less than 0.05) and untrained (from 35 +/- 7 pg X ml-1 and 7 +/- 2 pg X ml-1 to 113 +/- 18 pg X ml-1 and 31 +/- 8 pg X ml-1, P less than 0.05) subjects. Growth hormone (GH) was higher 90 min after glucose nadir in trained (61 +/- 13 mU X l-1) than in untrained (25 +/- 6 mU X l-1) subjects (P less than 0.05). Levels of thyrotropin (TSH) changed in neither of the groups. It is concluded that, in contrast to what has been formerly proposed, training does not result in a general increase in secretory capacity of the anterior pituitary gland. TSH responds to hypoglycemia neither in trained nor in untrained subjects. Finally, differences in beta-endorphin responses to exercise between trained and untrained subjects cannot be ascribed to differences in responsiveness to hypoglycemia.
|Journal||European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 1985|
- Adult, Blood Glucose, Endorphins, Growth Hormone, Humans, Insulin, Male, Physical Education and Training, Pituitary Hormones, Prolactin, Thyrotropin, beta-Endorphin