Rac1 signaling is required for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and is dysregulated in insulin-resistant murine and human skeletal muscle

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Standard

Rac1 signaling is required for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and is dysregulated in insulin-resistant murine and human skeletal muscle. / Sylow, Lykke; Jensen, Thomas Elbenhardt; Kleinert, Maximilian; Højlund, Kurt; Kiens, Bente; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen; Prats Gavalda, Clara; Schjerling, Peter; Richter, Erik A.

In: Diabetes, Vol. 62, No. 6, 2013, p. 1865-1875.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Sylow, L, Jensen, TE, Kleinert, M, Højlund, K, Kiens, B, Wojtaszewski, J, Prats Gavalda, C, Schjerling, P & Richter, EA 2013, 'Rac1 signaling is required for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and is dysregulated in insulin-resistant murine and human skeletal muscle', Diabetes, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 1865-1875. https://doi.org/10.2337/db12-1148

APA

Sylow, L., Jensen, T. E., Kleinert, M., Højlund, K., Kiens, B., Wojtaszewski, J., ... Richter, E. A. (2013). Rac1 signaling is required for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and is dysregulated in insulin-resistant murine and human skeletal muscle. Diabetes, 62(6), 1865-1875. https://doi.org/10.2337/db12-1148

Vancouver

Sylow L, Jensen TE, Kleinert M, Højlund K, Kiens B, Wojtaszewski J et al. Rac1 signaling is required for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and is dysregulated in insulin-resistant murine and human skeletal muscle. Diabetes. 2013;62(6):1865-1875. https://doi.org/10.2337/db12-1148

Author

Sylow, Lykke ; Jensen, Thomas Elbenhardt ; Kleinert, Maximilian ; Højlund, Kurt ; Kiens, Bente ; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen ; Prats Gavalda, Clara ; Schjerling, Peter ; Richter, Erik A. / Rac1 signaling is required for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and is dysregulated in insulin-resistant murine and human skeletal muscle. In: Diabetes. 2013 ; Vol. 62, No. 6. pp. 1865-1875.

Bibtex

@article{2ad5b676137a4793ba048384faa36596,
title = "Rac1 signaling is required for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and is dysregulated in insulin-resistant murine and human skeletal muscle",
abstract = "The actin-cytoskeleton-regulating GTPase Rac1 is required for insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation in cultured muscle cells. However, involvement of Rac1 and its downstream signaling in glucose transport in insulin sensitive and insulin resistant mature skeletal muscle has not previously been investigated. We hypothesized that Rac1 and its downstream target, p21-activated kinase (PAK), are regulators of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in mouse and human skeletal muscle, and are dysregulated in insulin resistant states.Muscle specific inducible Rac1 knockout (KO) mice and pharmacological inhibition of Rac1 were used to determine whether Rac1 regulates insulin-stimulated glucose transport in mature skeletal muscle. Furthermore, Rac1 and PAK1 expression and signalling were investigated in muscle of insulin resistant mice and humans.Inhibition and KO of Rac1 decreased insulin-stimulated glucose transport in mouse soleus and EDL muscles ex vivo. Rac1 KO mice showed decreased insulin and glucose tolerance and trended towards higher plasma insulin concentrations following intraperitoneal glucose injection. Rac1 protein expression and PAK(Thr423) phosphorylation were decreased in muscles of high fat fed mice. In humans, insulin-stimulated PAK-activation was decreased in both acute insulin resistant (intralipid infusion) and in chronic insulin resistant states (obesity and diabetes). These findings show that Rac1 is a regulator of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and a novel candidate involved in skeletal muscle insulin resistance.",
author = "Lykke Sylow and Jensen, {Thomas Elbenhardt} and Maximilian Kleinert and Kurt H{\o}jlund and Bente Kiens and J{\o}rgen Wojtaszewski and {Prats Gavalda}, Clara and Peter Schjerling and Richter, {Erik A.}",
note = "CURIS 2013 NEXS 103",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.2337/db12-1148",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "1865--1875",
journal = "Diabetes",
issn = "0012-1797",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rac1 signaling is required for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and is dysregulated in insulin-resistant murine and human skeletal muscle

AU - Sylow, Lykke

AU - Jensen, Thomas Elbenhardt

AU - Kleinert, Maximilian

AU - Højlund, Kurt

AU - Kiens, Bente

AU - Wojtaszewski, Jørgen

AU - Prats Gavalda, Clara

AU - Schjerling, Peter

AU - Richter, Erik A.

N1 - CURIS 2013 NEXS 103

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The actin-cytoskeleton-regulating GTPase Rac1 is required for insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation in cultured muscle cells. However, involvement of Rac1 and its downstream signaling in glucose transport in insulin sensitive and insulin resistant mature skeletal muscle has not previously been investigated. We hypothesized that Rac1 and its downstream target, p21-activated kinase (PAK), are regulators of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in mouse and human skeletal muscle, and are dysregulated in insulin resistant states.Muscle specific inducible Rac1 knockout (KO) mice and pharmacological inhibition of Rac1 were used to determine whether Rac1 regulates insulin-stimulated glucose transport in mature skeletal muscle. Furthermore, Rac1 and PAK1 expression and signalling were investigated in muscle of insulin resistant mice and humans.Inhibition and KO of Rac1 decreased insulin-stimulated glucose transport in mouse soleus and EDL muscles ex vivo. Rac1 KO mice showed decreased insulin and glucose tolerance and trended towards higher plasma insulin concentrations following intraperitoneal glucose injection. Rac1 protein expression and PAK(Thr423) phosphorylation were decreased in muscles of high fat fed mice. In humans, insulin-stimulated PAK-activation was decreased in both acute insulin resistant (intralipid infusion) and in chronic insulin resistant states (obesity and diabetes). These findings show that Rac1 is a regulator of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and a novel candidate involved in skeletal muscle insulin resistance.

AB - The actin-cytoskeleton-regulating GTPase Rac1 is required for insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation in cultured muscle cells. However, involvement of Rac1 and its downstream signaling in glucose transport in insulin sensitive and insulin resistant mature skeletal muscle has not previously been investigated. We hypothesized that Rac1 and its downstream target, p21-activated kinase (PAK), are regulators of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in mouse and human skeletal muscle, and are dysregulated in insulin resistant states.Muscle specific inducible Rac1 knockout (KO) mice and pharmacological inhibition of Rac1 were used to determine whether Rac1 regulates insulin-stimulated glucose transport in mature skeletal muscle. Furthermore, Rac1 and PAK1 expression and signalling were investigated in muscle of insulin resistant mice and humans.Inhibition and KO of Rac1 decreased insulin-stimulated glucose transport in mouse soleus and EDL muscles ex vivo. Rac1 KO mice showed decreased insulin and glucose tolerance and trended towards higher plasma insulin concentrations following intraperitoneal glucose injection. Rac1 protein expression and PAK(Thr423) phosphorylation were decreased in muscles of high fat fed mice. In humans, insulin-stimulated PAK-activation was decreased in both acute insulin resistant (intralipid infusion) and in chronic insulin resistant states (obesity and diabetes). These findings show that Rac1 is a regulator of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and a novel candidate involved in skeletal muscle insulin resistance.

U2 - 10.2337/db12-1148

DO - 10.2337/db12-1148

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23423567

VL - 62

SP - 1865

EP - 1875

JO - Diabetes

JF - Diabetes

SN - 0012-1797

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 45709254