Fatty acid type-specific regulation of SIRT1 does not affect insulin sensitivity in human skeletal muscle

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The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent deacetylase, sirtuin (SIRT)1, in skeletal muscle is reduced in insulin-resistant states. However, whether this is an initial mechanism responsible for mediating insulin resistance in human skeletal muscle remains to be investigated. Also, SIRT1 acts as a mitochondrial gene transcriptional regulator and is induced by a short-term, high-fat diet (HFD) in human skeletal muscle. Whether saturated or unsaturated fatty acids (FAs) in the diet are important for this is unknown. We subjected 17 healthy, young men to a eucaloric control (Con) diet and 1 of 2 hypercaloric [+75% energy (E%)] HFDs for 3 d enriched in either saturated (Sat) FA (79 E% fat; Sat) or unsaturated FA (78 E% fat; Unsat). After Sat, SIRT1 protein content and activity in skeletal muscle increased ( P < 0.05; ∼40%) while remaining unchanged after Unsat. Whole-body insulin sensitivity and insulin-stimulated leg glucose uptake were reduced ( P < 0.01; ∼20%) to a similar extent compared to Con after both HFDs. We demonstrate a novel FA type-dependent regulation of SIRT1 protein in human skeletal muscle. Moreover, regulation of SIRT1 does not seem to be an initiating factor responsible for mediating insulin resistance in human skeletal muscle.

Original languageEnglish
JournalF A S E B Journal
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)5510-5519
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2019

ID: 212909742