Pre-meal protein intake alters postprandial plasma metabolome in subjects with metabolic syndrome

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Standard

Pre-meal protein intake alters postprandial plasma metabolome in subjects with metabolic syndrome. / Pekmez, Ceyda Tugba; Bjørnshave, Ann; Pratico, Giulia; Hermansen, Kjeld; Dragsted, Lars Ove.

I: European Journal of Nutrition, 2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Pekmez, CT, Bjørnshave, A, Pratico, G, Hermansen, K & Dragsted, LO 2020, 'Pre-meal protein intake alters postprandial plasma metabolome in subjects with metabolic syndrome', European Journal of Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-02039-9

APA

Pekmez, C. T., Bjørnshave, A., Pratico, G., Hermansen, K., & Dragsted, L. O. (2020). Pre-meal protein intake alters postprandial plasma metabolome in subjects with metabolic syndrome. European Journal of Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-02039-9

Vancouver

Pekmez CT, Bjørnshave A, Pratico G, Hermansen K, Dragsted LO. Pre-meal protein intake alters postprandial plasma metabolome in subjects with metabolic syndrome. European Journal of Nutrition. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-02039-9

Author

Pekmez, Ceyda Tugba ; Bjørnshave, Ann ; Pratico, Giulia ; Hermansen, Kjeld ; Dragsted, Lars Ove. / Pre-meal protein intake alters postprandial plasma metabolome in subjects with metabolic syndrome. I: European Journal of Nutrition. 2020.

Bibtex

@article{eeae7c6b89ec4746846500a129a20108,
title = "Pre-meal protein intake alters postprandial plasma metabolome in subjects with metabolic syndrome",
abstract = "Purpose: We examined the effect on the postprandial plasma metabolome of protein pre-meals before a fat-rich main meal.Methods: Two randomized, cross-over meal studies were conducted to test the dose-response effect (0 g, 10 g, 20 g) of a pre-meal with whey protein (WP) (PREMEAL I), and the effect of protein quality (10 g WP, casein, or gluten) and timing (- 15 min vs - 30 min) of the pre-meal (PREMEAL II). Participants with metabolic syndrome received one of the test meals on each test day, - 15 min (or - 30 min) prior to a standardized fat-rich breakfast. Plasma samples were collected at - 15 min (or - 30 min), 0, 120, 240 a nd 360 min and analyzed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with an untargeted method.Results: Pre-meal WP intake elevated plasma branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), aromatic amino acids and methionine and decreased plasma LPC (16:0) and PC (32:1) levels before the main meal. Early (- 15 to 0 min) aromatic amino acids and BCAA in response to pre-meal WP partially predict the glucose and insulin response after the main meal. A pre-meal with WP altered the postprandial plasma metabolic pattern of acyl-carnitines, specific PCs, LPCs and LPEs, betaine, citric acid, linoleic acid, and β-hydroxypalmitic acid compared to no pre-meal. The casein and WP pre-meals exhibited similar postprandial amino acid responses whereas a pre-meal with gluten resulted in lower levels of plasma amino acids and its metabolites.Conclusion: A pre-meal with protein affects the postprandial metabolic pattern indicating facilitated glucose and lipid disposal from plasma in participants with metabolic syndrome.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Insulin resistance, Metabolites, Second meal, Effect biomarkers, UPLC–ESI–Q-TOF–MS",
author = "Pekmez, {Ceyda Tugba} and Ann Bj{\o}rnshave and Giulia Pratico and Kjeld Hermansen and Dragsted, {Lars Ove}",
note = "(CURIS 2019 NEXS 241) --> 2020 (afventer endelig publicering + nyt CURIS-nr.) Published online: 06.07.2019",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1007/s00394-019-02039-9",
language = "English",
journal = "European Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1436-6207",
publisher = "Springer Medizin",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pre-meal protein intake alters postprandial plasma metabolome in subjects with metabolic syndrome

AU - Pekmez, Ceyda Tugba

AU - Bjørnshave, Ann

AU - Pratico, Giulia

AU - Hermansen, Kjeld

AU - Dragsted, Lars Ove

N1 - (CURIS 2019 NEXS 241) --> 2020 (afventer endelig publicering + nyt CURIS-nr.) Published online: 06.07.2019

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Purpose: We examined the effect on the postprandial plasma metabolome of protein pre-meals before a fat-rich main meal.Methods: Two randomized, cross-over meal studies were conducted to test the dose-response effect (0 g, 10 g, 20 g) of a pre-meal with whey protein (WP) (PREMEAL I), and the effect of protein quality (10 g WP, casein, or gluten) and timing (- 15 min vs - 30 min) of the pre-meal (PREMEAL II). Participants with metabolic syndrome received one of the test meals on each test day, - 15 min (or - 30 min) prior to a standardized fat-rich breakfast. Plasma samples were collected at - 15 min (or - 30 min), 0, 120, 240 a nd 360 min and analyzed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with an untargeted method.Results: Pre-meal WP intake elevated plasma branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), aromatic amino acids and methionine and decreased plasma LPC (16:0) and PC (32:1) levels before the main meal. Early (- 15 to 0 min) aromatic amino acids and BCAA in response to pre-meal WP partially predict the glucose and insulin response after the main meal. A pre-meal with WP altered the postprandial plasma metabolic pattern of acyl-carnitines, specific PCs, LPCs and LPEs, betaine, citric acid, linoleic acid, and β-hydroxypalmitic acid compared to no pre-meal. The casein and WP pre-meals exhibited similar postprandial amino acid responses whereas a pre-meal with gluten resulted in lower levels of plasma amino acids and its metabolites.Conclusion: A pre-meal with protein affects the postprandial metabolic pattern indicating facilitated glucose and lipid disposal from plasma in participants with metabolic syndrome.

AB - Purpose: We examined the effect on the postprandial plasma metabolome of protein pre-meals before a fat-rich main meal.Methods: Two randomized, cross-over meal studies were conducted to test the dose-response effect (0 g, 10 g, 20 g) of a pre-meal with whey protein (WP) (PREMEAL I), and the effect of protein quality (10 g WP, casein, or gluten) and timing (- 15 min vs - 30 min) of the pre-meal (PREMEAL II). Participants with metabolic syndrome received one of the test meals on each test day, - 15 min (or - 30 min) prior to a standardized fat-rich breakfast. Plasma samples were collected at - 15 min (or - 30 min), 0, 120, 240 a nd 360 min and analyzed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with an untargeted method.Results: Pre-meal WP intake elevated plasma branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), aromatic amino acids and methionine and decreased plasma LPC (16:0) and PC (32:1) levels before the main meal. Early (- 15 to 0 min) aromatic amino acids and BCAA in response to pre-meal WP partially predict the glucose and insulin response after the main meal. A pre-meal with WP altered the postprandial plasma metabolic pattern of acyl-carnitines, specific PCs, LPCs and LPEs, betaine, citric acid, linoleic acid, and β-hydroxypalmitic acid compared to no pre-meal. The casein and WP pre-meals exhibited similar postprandial amino acid responses whereas a pre-meal with gluten resulted in lower levels of plasma amino acids and its metabolites.Conclusion: A pre-meal with protein affects the postprandial metabolic pattern indicating facilitated glucose and lipid disposal from plasma in participants with metabolic syndrome.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Insulin resistance

KW - Metabolites

KW - Second meal

KW - Effect biomarkers

KW - UPLC–ESI–Q-TOF–MS

U2 - 10.1007/s00394-019-02039-9

DO - 10.1007/s00394-019-02039-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31280343

JO - European Journal of Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1436-6207

ER -

ID: 224947401