Insulin promotes glycogen synthesis in the absence of GSK3 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle

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Standard

Insulin promotes glycogen synthesis in the absence of GSK3 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle. / Bouskila, Michale; Hirshman, Michael F.; Jensen, Jørgen; Goodyear, Laurie J.; Sakamoto, Kei.

I: American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, Bind 294, Nr. 1, 01.01.2008, s. E28-E35.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Bouskila, M, Hirshman, MF, Jensen, J, Goodyear, LJ & Sakamoto, K 2008, 'Insulin promotes glycogen synthesis in the absence of GSK3 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle', American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, bind 294, nr. 1, s. E28-E35. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00481.2007

APA

Bouskila, M., Hirshman, M. F., Jensen, J., Goodyear, L. J., & Sakamoto, K. (2008). Insulin promotes glycogen synthesis in the absence of GSK3 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 294(1), E28-E35. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00481.2007

Vancouver

Bouskila M, Hirshman MF, Jensen J, Goodyear LJ, Sakamoto K. Insulin promotes glycogen synthesis in the absence of GSK3 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2008 jan 1;294(1):E28-E35. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00481.2007

Author

Bouskila, Michale ; Hirshman, Michael F. ; Jensen, Jørgen ; Goodyear, Laurie J. ; Sakamoto, Kei. / Insulin promotes glycogen synthesis in the absence of GSK3 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle. I: American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2008 ; Bind 294, Nr. 1. s. E28-E35.

Bibtex

@article{76ef57e1170f429f862295c59c97e022,
title = "Insulin promotes glycogen synthesis in the absence of GSK3 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle",
abstract = "Insulin promotes dephosphorylation and activation of glycogen synthase (GS) by inactivating glycogen synthase kinase (GSK) 3 through phosphorylation. Insulin also promotes glucose uptake and glucose 6-phosphate (G-6-P) production, which allosterically activates GS. The relative importance of these two regulatory mechanisms in the activation of GS in vivo is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate if dephosphorylation of GS mediated via GSK3 is required for normal glycogen synthesis in skeletal muscle with insulin. We employed GSK3 knockin mice in which wild-type GSK3α and -β genes are replaced with mutant forms (GSK3α/βS21A/S21A/S9A/S9A), which are nonresponsive to insulin. Although insulin failed to promote dephosphorylation and activation of GS in GSK3α/β S21A/S21A/S9A/S9A mice, glycogen content in different muscles from these mice was similar compared with wild-type mice. Basal and epinephrine-stimulated activity of muscle glycogen phosphorylase was comparable between wild-type and GSK3 knockin mice. Incubation of isolated soleus muscle in Krebs buffer containing 5.5 mM glucose in the presence or absence of insulin revealed that the levels of G-6-P, the rate of [14C]glucose incorporation into glycogen, and an increase in total glycogen content were similar between wild-type and GSK3 knockin mice. Injection of glucose containing 2-deoxy-[3H]glucose and [14C]glucose also resulted in similar rates of muscle glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis in vivo between wild-type and GSK3 knockin mice. These results suggest that insulin-mediated inhibition of GSK3 is not a rate-limiting step in muscle glycogen synthesis in mice. This suggests that allosteric regulation of GS by G-6-P may play a key role in insulin-stimulated muscle glycogen synthesis in vivo.",
keywords = "Glycogen synthase kinase 3, Insulin signaling, Muscle metabolism, Phosphorylase, Type 2 diabetes",
author = "Michale Bouskila and Hirshman, {Michael F.} and J{\o}rgen Jensen and Goodyear, {Laurie J.} and Kei Sakamoto",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1152/ajpendo.00481.2007",
language = "English",
volume = "294",
pages = "E28--E35",
journal = "A J P: Endocrinology and Metabolism (Online)",
issn = "1522-1555",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Insulin promotes glycogen synthesis in the absence of GSK3 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle

AU - Bouskila, Michale

AU - Hirshman, Michael F.

AU - Jensen, Jørgen

AU - Goodyear, Laurie J.

AU - Sakamoto, Kei

PY - 2008/1/1

Y1 - 2008/1/1

N2 - Insulin promotes dephosphorylation and activation of glycogen synthase (GS) by inactivating glycogen synthase kinase (GSK) 3 through phosphorylation. Insulin also promotes glucose uptake and glucose 6-phosphate (G-6-P) production, which allosterically activates GS. The relative importance of these two regulatory mechanisms in the activation of GS in vivo is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate if dephosphorylation of GS mediated via GSK3 is required for normal glycogen synthesis in skeletal muscle with insulin. We employed GSK3 knockin mice in which wild-type GSK3α and -β genes are replaced with mutant forms (GSK3α/βS21A/S21A/S9A/S9A), which are nonresponsive to insulin. Although insulin failed to promote dephosphorylation and activation of GS in GSK3α/β S21A/S21A/S9A/S9A mice, glycogen content in different muscles from these mice was similar compared with wild-type mice. Basal and epinephrine-stimulated activity of muscle glycogen phosphorylase was comparable between wild-type and GSK3 knockin mice. Incubation of isolated soleus muscle in Krebs buffer containing 5.5 mM glucose in the presence or absence of insulin revealed that the levels of G-6-P, the rate of [14C]glucose incorporation into glycogen, and an increase in total glycogen content were similar between wild-type and GSK3 knockin mice. Injection of glucose containing 2-deoxy-[3H]glucose and [14C]glucose also resulted in similar rates of muscle glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis in vivo between wild-type and GSK3 knockin mice. These results suggest that insulin-mediated inhibition of GSK3 is not a rate-limiting step in muscle glycogen synthesis in mice. This suggests that allosteric regulation of GS by G-6-P may play a key role in insulin-stimulated muscle glycogen synthesis in vivo.

AB - Insulin promotes dephosphorylation and activation of glycogen synthase (GS) by inactivating glycogen synthase kinase (GSK) 3 through phosphorylation. Insulin also promotes glucose uptake and glucose 6-phosphate (G-6-P) production, which allosterically activates GS. The relative importance of these two regulatory mechanisms in the activation of GS in vivo is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate if dephosphorylation of GS mediated via GSK3 is required for normal glycogen synthesis in skeletal muscle with insulin. We employed GSK3 knockin mice in which wild-type GSK3α and -β genes are replaced with mutant forms (GSK3α/βS21A/S21A/S9A/S9A), which are nonresponsive to insulin. Although insulin failed to promote dephosphorylation and activation of GS in GSK3α/β S21A/S21A/S9A/S9A mice, glycogen content in different muscles from these mice was similar compared with wild-type mice. Basal and epinephrine-stimulated activity of muscle glycogen phosphorylase was comparable between wild-type and GSK3 knockin mice. Incubation of isolated soleus muscle in Krebs buffer containing 5.5 mM glucose in the presence or absence of insulin revealed that the levels of G-6-P, the rate of [14C]glucose incorporation into glycogen, and an increase in total glycogen content were similar between wild-type and GSK3 knockin mice. Injection of glucose containing 2-deoxy-[3H]glucose and [14C]glucose also resulted in similar rates of muscle glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis in vivo between wild-type and GSK3 knockin mice. These results suggest that insulin-mediated inhibition of GSK3 is not a rate-limiting step in muscle glycogen synthesis in mice. This suggests that allosteric regulation of GS by G-6-P may play a key role in insulin-stimulated muscle glycogen synthesis in vivo.

KW - Glycogen synthase kinase 3

KW - Insulin signaling

KW - Muscle metabolism

KW - Phosphorylase

KW - Type 2 diabetes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38349032866&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1152/ajpendo.00481.2007

DO - 10.1152/ajpendo.00481.2007

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18003720

AN - SCOPUS:38349032866

VL - 294

SP - E28-E35

JO - A J P: Endocrinology and Metabolism (Online)

JF - A J P: Endocrinology and Metabolism (Online)

SN - 1522-1555

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 239583602