Inhibition of glutamine synthesis induces glutamate dehydrogenase-dependent ammonia fixation into alanine in co-cultures of astrocytes and neurons

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Inhibition of glutamine synthesis induces glutamate dehydrogenase-dependent ammonia fixation into alanine in co-cultures of astrocytes and neurons. / Dadsetan, Sherry; Bak, Lasse Kristoffer; Sørensen, Michael; Keiding, Susanne; Vilstrup, Hendrik; Ott, Peter; Leke, Renata; Schousboe, Arne; Waagepetersen, Helle S.

I: Neurochemistry International, Bind 59, Nr. 4, 01.09.2011, s. 482-8.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Dadsetan, S, Bak, LK, Sørensen, M, Keiding, S, Vilstrup, H, Ott, P, Leke, R, Schousboe, A & Waagepetersen, HS 2011, 'Inhibition of glutamine synthesis induces glutamate dehydrogenase-dependent ammonia fixation into alanine in co-cultures of astrocytes and neurons', Neurochemistry International, bind 59, nr. 4, s. 482-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuint.2011.03.008

APA

Dadsetan, S., Bak, L. K., Sørensen, M., Keiding, S., Vilstrup, H., Ott, P., ... Waagepetersen, H. S. (2011). Inhibition of glutamine synthesis induces glutamate dehydrogenase-dependent ammonia fixation into alanine in co-cultures of astrocytes and neurons. Neurochemistry International, 59(4), 482-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuint.2011.03.008

Vancouver

Dadsetan S, Bak LK, Sørensen M, Keiding S, Vilstrup H, Ott P o.a. Inhibition of glutamine synthesis induces glutamate dehydrogenase-dependent ammonia fixation into alanine in co-cultures of astrocytes and neurons. Neurochemistry International. 2011 sep 1;59(4):482-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuint.2011.03.008

Author

Dadsetan, Sherry ; Bak, Lasse Kristoffer ; Sørensen, Michael ; Keiding, Susanne ; Vilstrup, Hendrik ; Ott, Peter ; Leke, Renata ; Schousboe, Arne ; Waagepetersen, Helle S. / Inhibition of glutamine synthesis induces glutamate dehydrogenase-dependent ammonia fixation into alanine in co-cultures of astrocytes and neurons. I: Neurochemistry International. 2011 ; Bind 59, Nr. 4. s. 482-8.

Bibtex

@article{d9b24f3b4a1d4da2b96bc13d71115cfd,
title = "Inhibition of glutamine synthesis induces glutamate dehydrogenase-dependent ammonia fixation into alanine in co-cultures of astrocytes and neurons",
abstract = "It has been previously demonstrated that ammonia exposure of neurons and astrocytes in co-culture leads to net synthesis not only of glutamine but also of alanine. The latter process involves the concerted action of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and alanine aminotransferase (ALAT). In the present study it was investigated if the glutamine synthetase (GS) inhibitor methionine sulfoximine (MSO) would enhance alanine synthesis by blocking the GS-dependent ammonia scavenging process. Hence, co-cultures of neurons and astrocytes were incubated for 2.5h with [U-(13)C]glucose to monitor de novo synthesis of alanine and glutamine in the absence and presence of 5.0 mM NH(4)Cl and 10 mM MSO. Ammonia exposure led to increased incorporation of label but not to a significant increase in the amount of these amino acids. However, in the presence of MSO, glutamine synthesis was blocked and synthesis of alanine increased leading to an elevated content intra- as well as extracellularly of this amino acid. Treatment with MSO led to a dramatic decrease in glutamine content and increased the intracellular contents of glutamate and aspartate. The large increase in alanine during exposure to MSO underlines the importance of the GDH and ALAT biosynthetic pathway for ammonia fixation, and it points to the use of a GS inhibitor to ameliorate the brain toxicity and edema induced by hyperammonemia, events likely related to glutamine synthesis.",
keywords = "Former Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences",
author = "Sherry Dadsetan and Bak, {Lasse Kristoffer} and Michael S{\o}rensen and Susanne Keiding and Hendrik Vilstrup and Peter Ott and Renata Leke and Arne Schousboe and Waagepetersen, {Helle S}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2011",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.neuint.2011.03.008",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "482--8",
journal = "Neurochemistry International",
issn = "0197-0186",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inhibition of glutamine synthesis induces glutamate dehydrogenase-dependent ammonia fixation into alanine in co-cultures of astrocytes and neurons

AU - Dadsetan, Sherry

AU - Bak, Lasse Kristoffer

AU - Sørensen, Michael

AU - Keiding, Susanne

AU - Vilstrup, Hendrik

AU - Ott, Peter

AU - Leke, Renata

AU - Schousboe, Arne

AU - Waagepetersen, Helle S

N1 - Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2011/9/1

Y1 - 2011/9/1

N2 - It has been previously demonstrated that ammonia exposure of neurons and astrocytes in co-culture leads to net synthesis not only of glutamine but also of alanine. The latter process involves the concerted action of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and alanine aminotransferase (ALAT). In the present study it was investigated if the glutamine synthetase (GS) inhibitor methionine sulfoximine (MSO) would enhance alanine synthesis by blocking the GS-dependent ammonia scavenging process. Hence, co-cultures of neurons and astrocytes were incubated for 2.5h with [U-(13)C]glucose to monitor de novo synthesis of alanine and glutamine in the absence and presence of 5.0 mM NH(4)Cl and 10 mM MSO. Ammonia exposure led to increased incorporation of label but not to a significant increase in the amount of these amino acids. However, in the presence of MSO, glutamine synthesis was blocked and synthesis of alanine increased leading to an elevated content intra- as well as extracellularly of this amino acid. Treatment with MSO led to a dramatic decrease in glutamine content and increased the intracellular contents of glutamate and aspartate. The large increase in alanine during exposure to MSO underlines the importance of the GDH and ALAT biosynthetic pathway for ammonia fixation, and it points to the use of a GS inhibitor to ameliorate the brain toxicity and edema induced by hyperammonemia, events likely related to glutamine synthesis.

AB - It has been previously demonstrated that ammonia exposure of neurons and astrocytes in co-culture leads to net synthesis not only of glutamine but also of alanine. The latter process involves the concerted action of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and alanine aminotransferase (ALAT). In the present study it was investigated if the glutamine synthetase (GS) inhibitor methionine sulfoximine (MSO) would enhance alanine synthesis by blocking the GS-dependent ammonia scavenging process. Hence, co-cultures of neurons and astrocytes were incubated for 2.5h with [U-(13)C]glucose to monitor de novo synthesis of alanine and glutamine in the absence and presence of 5.0 mM NH(4)Cl and 10 mM MSO. Ammonia exposure led to increased incorporation of label but not to a significant increase in the amount of these amino acids. However, in the presence of MSO, glutamine synthesis was blocked and synthesis of alanine increased leading to an elevated content intra- as well as extracellularly of this amino acid. Treatment with MSO led to a dramatic decrease in glutamine content and increased the intracellular contents of glutamate and aspartate. The large increase in alanine during exposure to MSO underlines the importance of the GDH and ALAT biosynthetic pathway for ammonia fixation, and it points to the use of a GS inhibitor to ameliorate the brain toxicity and edema induced by hyperammonemia, events likely related to glutamine synthesis.

KW - Former Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuint.2011.03.008

DO - 10.1016/j.neuint.2011.03.008

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 21397649

VL - 59

SP - 482

EP - 488

JO - Neurochemistry International

JF - Neurochemistry International

SN - 0197-0186

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 35134556