G.C. Oeder's conflict with Linnaeus and the implementation of taxonomic and nomenclatural ideas in the monumantal Flora Danica project

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt


Hitherto unpublished parts of the history of the Icones … Florae Danicae
(1761–1883), one of the largest illustrated botanical works published, are analysed; it covered
the entire flora of the double monarchy of Denmark–Norway, Schleswig and Holstein and
the North Atlantic dependencies. A study of the little noticed taxonomic and nomenclatural
principles behind the Icones is presented. G.C. Oeder, founder of the project, approved the
ideas of Buffon and Haller and rejected Linnaean binary nomenclature because of its lack of
stability of genera. In the Icones …, Oeder cited all names used for each plant in chronological
order, with the binary Linnaean name last, to which principle Linnaeus reacted. By the end of
the 18th century, Linnaean nomenclature had become standard, apart from in Flora Danica and
a very few other botanical works. Applying Linnaean nomenclature elsewhere, O.F. Müller,
editor 1775–1782, and M. Vahl, editor 1787–1799, followed Oeder’s norm in the Icones. J.W.
Hornemann, editor 1810–1840, followed Oeder in his first fascicles, but began experimenting
with changes towards Linnaean nomenclature from 1810. After 1840, subsequent editors
consistently applied Linnaean principles for accepted names and synonyms.
TidsskriftGardens' Bulletin, Singapore
Udgave nummer(Supplement 2
Sider (fra-til)53-85
StatusUdgivet - 27 sep. 2019

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