Exercise - a panacea of metabolic dysregulation in cancer: Physiological and molecular insights

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Metabolic dysfunction is a comorbidity of many types of cancers. Disruption of glucose metabolism is of concern, as it is associated with higher cancer recurrence rates and reduced survival. Current evidence suggests many health benefits from exercise during and after cancer treatment, yet only a limited number of studies have addressed the effect of exercise on cancer-associated disruption of metabolism. In this review, we draw on studies in cells, rodents, and humans to describe the metabolic dysfunctions observed in cancer and the tissues involved. We discuss how the known effects of acute exercise and exercise training observed in healthy subjects could have a positive outcome on mechanisms in people with cancer, namely: insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, and cachexia. Finally, we compile the current limited knowledge of how exercise corrects metabolic control in cancer and identify unanswered questions for future research.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer3469
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Vol/bind22
Udgave nummer7
Antal sider23
ISSN1424-6783
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2021

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2021 NEXS 124

ID: 259571496