Effects of a 30-week combined training program in normoxia and in hypoxia on exercise performance and health-related parameters in obese adolescents: a pilot study

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Effects of a 30-week combined training program in normoxia and in hypoxia on exercise performance and health-related parameters in obese adolescents : a pilot study. / Britto, Florian A; De Groote, Estelle; Aranda, Jaime; Bullock, Loïc; Nielens, Henri; Deldicque, Louise.

I: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, Bind 60, Nr. 4, 2020, s. 601-609.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Britto, FA, De Groote, E, Aranda, J, Bullock, L, Nielens, H & Deldicque, L 2020, 'Effects of a 30-week combined training program in normoxia and in hypoxia on exercise performance and health-related parameters in obese adolescents: a pilot study', Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, bind 60, nr. 4, s. 601-609. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10190-7

APA

Britto, F. A., De Groote, E., Aranda, J., Bullock, L., Nielens, H., & Deldicque, L. (2020). Effects of a 30-week combined training program in normoxia and in hypoxia on exercise performance and health-related parameters in obese adolescents: a pilot study. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 60(4), 601-609. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10190-7

Vancouver

Britto FA, De Groote E, Aranda J, Bullock L, Nielens H, Deldicque L. Effects of a 30-week combined training program in normoxia and in hypoxia on exercise performance and health-related parameters in obese adolescents: a pilot study. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2020;60(4):601-609. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10190-7

Author

Britto, Florian A ; De Groote, Estelle ; Aranda, Jaime ; Bullock, Loïc ; Nielens, Henri ; Deldicque, Louise. / Effects of a 30-week combined training program in normoxia and in hypoxia on exercise performance and health-related parameters in obese adolescents : a pilot study. I: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2020 ; Bind 60, Nr. 4. s. 601-609.

Bibtex

@article{fc223dd6ff364d678f627fff325f5c8d,
title = "Effects of a 30-week combined training program in normoxia and in hypoxia on exercise performance and health-related parameters in obese adolescents: a pilot study",
abstract = "Background: A light but regular combined training program is sufficient to improve health in obese adolescents. Hypoxia is known to potentiate the effects of a high intensity period of combined training on exercise performance and glucose metabolism in this population. Here, we tested the effects of a less intensive hypoxic combined training program on exercise performance and health-related markers in obese adolescents. Methods: Fourteen adolescents volunteered to participate to a 30-week combined training protocol whether in normoxia (FiO2 21{\%}, NE, N.=7) or in hypoxia (FiO2 15{\%}, HE, N.=7). Once a week, adolescents exercised for 50-60min including 12min on a cycloergometer and strength training of the abdominal, quadriceps and biceps muscles. Results: Combined training reduced body mass (NE: -12{\%}; HE: -8{\%}), mainly due to a loss in fat mass (NE: -26{\%}; HE: -15{\%}), similarly in both the hypoxic and normoxic groups. After training, maximal O2 consumption (VO2max) (NE: +30{\%}; HE: +25{\%},), maximal aerobic power (MAP) (NE: +20{\%}; HE: +36{\%}), work capacity and one-repetition maximum (1RM) for the quadriceps (NE: +26{\%}; HE: +12{\%}), abdominal (NE: +48{\%}; HE: +36{\%}) and biceps muscles (NE: +26{\%}; HE: +16{\%}) were increased similarly in both groups but insulin sensitivity markers were not modified. Conclusions: Except for insulin sensitivity, 1h a week of combined training for 30 weeks improved morphological and health-related markers as well as exercise performance in obese adolescents in both normoxic and hypoxic conditions. This is of particular importance for motivating those adolescents, who often are reluctant to exercise. Even a low dose of exercise per week can induce positive health outcomes.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Pediatrics, Exercise, Glucose tolerance test",
author = "Britto, {Florian A} and {De Groote}, Estelle and Jaime Aranda and Lo{\"i}c Bullock and Henri Nielens and Louise Deldicque",
note = "(Ekstern)",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10190-7",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "601--609",
journal = "Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness",
issn = "0022-4707",
publisher = "EdizioniMinerva Medica",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of a 30-week combined training program in normoxia and in hypoxia on exercise performance and health-related parameters in obese adolescents

T2 - a pilot study

AU - Britto, Florian A

AU - De Groote, Estelle

AU - Aranda, Jaime

AU - Bullock, Loïc

AU - Nielens, Henri

AU - Deldicque, Louise

N1 - (Ekstern)

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Background: A light but regular combined training program is sufficient to improve health in obese adolescents. Hypoxia is known to potentiate the effects of a high intensity period of combined training on exercise performance and glucose metabolism in this population. Here, we tested the effects of a less intensive hypoxic combined training program on exercise performance and health-related markers in obese adolescents. Methods: Fourteen adolescents volunteered to participate to a 30-week combined training protocol whether in normoxia (FiO2 21%, NE, N.=7) or in hypoxia (FiO2 15%, HE, N.=7). Once a week, adolescents exercised for 50-60min including 12min on a cycloergometer and strength training of the abdominal, quadriceps and biceps muscles. Results: Combined training reduced body mass (NE: -12%; HE: -8%), mainly due to a loss in fat mass (NE: -26%; HE: -15%), similarly in both the hypoxic and normoxic groups. After training, maximal O2 consumption (VO2max) (NE: +30%; HE: +25%,), maximal aerobic power (MAP) (NE: +20%; HE: +36%), work capacity and one-repetition maximum (1RM) for the quadriceps (NE: +26%; HE: +12%), abdominal (NE: +48%; HE: +36%) and biceps muscles (NE: +26%; HE: +16%) were increased similarly in both groups but insulin sensitivity markers were not modified. Conclusions: Except for insulin sensitivity, 1h a week of combined training for 30 weeks improved morphological and health-related markers as well as exercise performance in obese adolescents in both normoxic and hypoxic conditions. This is of particular importance for motivating those adolescents, who often are reluctant to exercise. Even a low dose of exercise per week can induce positive health outcomes.

AB - Background: A light but regular combined training program is sufficient to improve health in obese adolescents. Hypoxia is known to potentiate the effects of a high intensity period of combined training on exercise performance and glucose metabolism in this population. Here, we tested the effects of a less intensive hypoxic combined training program on exercise performance and health-related markers in obese adolescents. Methods: Fourteen adolescents volunteered to participate to a 30-week combined training protocol whether in normoxia (FiO2 21%, NE, N.=7) or in hypoxia (FiO2 15%, HE, N.=7). Once a week, adolescents exercised for 50-60min including 12min on a cycloergometer and strength training of the abdominal, quadriceps and biceps muscles. Results: Combined training reduced body mass (NE: -12%; HE: -8%), mainly due to a loss in fat mass (NE: -26%; HE: -15%), similarly in both the hypoxic and normoxic groups. After training, maximal O2 consumption (VO2max) (NE: +30%; HE: +25%,), maximal aerobic power (MAP) (NE: +20%; HE: +36%), work capacity and one-repetition maximum (1RM) for the quadriceps (NE: +26%; HE: +12%), abdominal (NE: +48%; HE: +36%) and biceps muscles (NE: +26%; HE: +16%) were increased similarly in both groups but insulin sensitivity markers were not modified. Conclusions: Except for insulin sensitivity, 1h a week of combined training for 30 weeks improved morphological and health-related markers as well as exercise performance in obese adolescents in both normoxic and hypoxic conditions. This is of particular importance for motivating those adolescents, who often are reluctant to exercise. Even a low dose of exercise per week can induce positive health outcomes.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Pediatrics

KW - Exercise

KW - Glucose tolerance test

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85084694420&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10190-7

DO - 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10190-7

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32037783

AN - SCOPUS:85084694420

VL - 60

SP - 601

EP - 609

JO - Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness

JF - Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness

SN - 0022-4707

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 241884602