β2-agonist induces net leg glucose uptake and free fatty acid release at rest but not during exercise in young men

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Johan Onslev, Jørgen Jensen, Jens Bangsbo, Jørgen Wojtaszewski, Morten Hostrup

Objective: The role of selective β2-adrenergic stimulation in regulation of leg glucose uptake and free fatty acid (FFA) balance is inadequately explored in humans. The objective of this study was to investigate β2-adrenergic effects on net leg glucose uptake and clearance, as well as FFA balance at rest and during exercise.

Design: The study was a randomized, placebo-controlled crossover trial, where 10 healthy men received either infusion of β2-agonist terbutaline (0.2 to 0.4 mg) or placebo. Net leg glucose uptake and clearance, and FFA balance were determined at rest and during 8 min of knee extensor exercise using Fick's principle. Vastus lateralis muscle biopsies were collected at rest and at cessation of exercise. The primary outcome measure was net leg glucose uptake.

Results: At rest, net leg glucose uptake and clearance were 0.35 (±0.16) mmol/min and 41 (±17) mL/min (mean ± 95% CI) higher (P < 0.001) for terbutaline than placebo, corresponding to increases of 84% and 70%. During exercise, no treatment differences were observed in net leg glucose uptake, whereas clearance was 101 (±86) mL/min lower (P < 0.05) for terbutaline than placebo. At rest, terbutaline induced a net leg FFA release of 21 (±14) µmol/min, being different from placebo (P = 0.04). During exercise, net leg FFA uptake was not different between the treatments.

Conclusions: These observations indicate that β2-agonist alters net leg glucose uptake and clearance, as well as FFA balance in humans, which is associated with myocellular β2-adrenergic and insulin-dependent signaling. Furthermore, the study shows that exercise confounds the β2-adrenergic effect on net leg glucose uptake and FFA balance.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Vol/bind104
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)647-657
Antal sider11
ISSN0021-972X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2019 NEXS 029

ID: 203627914