Tissue fatty acid deposition, plasma lipid and cytokine profile in pigs fed a diet with fish oil or palm oil

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Standard

Tissue fatty acid deposition, plasma lipid and cytokine profile in pigs fed a diet with fish oil or palm oil. / Komprda, Tomáš; Rozíková, Veronika; Vícenová, Monika; Procházková, Nicola; Ondráčková, Petra; Pešková, Petra; Faldyna, Martin.

I: Czech Journal of Animal Science, Bind 62, Nr. 11, 2017, s. 482-490.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Komprda, T, Rozíková, V, Vícenová, M, Procházková, N, Ondráčková, P, Pešková, P & Faldyna, M 2017, 'Tissue fatty acid deposition, plasma lipid and cytokine profile in pigs fed a diet with fish oil or palm oil', Czech Journal of Animal Science, bind 62, nr. 11, s. 482-490. https://doi.org/10.17221/110/2016-CJAS

APA

Komprda, T., Rozíková, V., Vícenová, M., Procházková, N., Ondráčková, P., Pešková, P., & Faldyna, M. (2017). Tissue fatty acid deposition, plasma lipid and cytokine profile in pigs fed a diet with fish oil or palm oil. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 62(11), 482-490. https://doi.org/10.17221/110/2016-CJAS

Vancouver

Komprda T, Rozíková V, Vícenová M, Procházková N, Ondráčková P, Pešková P o.a. Tissue fatty acid deposition, plasma lipid and cytokine profile in pigs fed a diet with fish oil or palm oil. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 2017;62(11):482-490. https://doi.org/10.17221/110/2016-CJAS

Author

Komprda, Tomáš ; Rozíková, Veronika ; Vícenová, Monika ; Procházková, Nicola ; Ondráčková, Petra ; Pešková, Petra ; Faldyna, Martin. / Tissue fatty acid deposition, plasma lipid and cytokine profile in pigs fed a diet with fish oil or palm oil. I: Czech Journal of Animal Science. 2017 ; Bind 62, Nr. 11. s. 482-490.

Bibtex

@article{2535435cce9a43bd8a632772450fea16,
title = "Tissue fatty acid deposition, plasma lipid and cytokine profile in pigs fed a diet with fish oil or palm oil",
abstract = "The present study tested a hypothesis concerning a favourable effect of dietary fish oil on the tissue polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) deposition, and on plasma lipid and cytokine profile. Thirty-two pigs divided into two groups of 16 animals each were fed for 70 days a diet with 2.5% of fish oil (F) and palm oil (P), respectively. The content of PUFA n-3 in the liver, muscle (m. quadriceps femoris), and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of the F- and P-pigs was 530 and 129, 84 and 19, 1365 and 191 mg/100 g of the fresh tissue, respectively (differences between dietary groups were significant at P < 0.01 in all tissues). Dietary fish oil in comparison with palm oil decreased (P < 0.05) total plasma cholesterol, but also desirable high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and had no effect (P > 0.05) both on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triacylglycerols. Moreover, dietary fish oil increased (P < 0.05) expression of the genes coding for not only anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 (P < 0.01) and TGF-β1 (P < 0.05), but also for pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 (P < 0.01), IL-12, and TNF-α (P < 0.05) in the VAT, and increased (P < 0.05) the expression of the IL6 gene in the liver. On the other hand, no significant differences (P > 0.05) between the F- and P-pigs in plasma levels of any tested cytokine were found out. It was concluded that an effect of dietary fish oil on tissue fatty acid deposition is undeniable, but its effects on plasma markers related to the risk of chronic degenerative diseases require further research.",
keywords = "Cardiovascular diseases, Cholesterol, DHA, EPA, Feed ration, IL-10, Muscle, Pig, TNF-α",
author = "Tom{\'a}{\v s} Komprda and Veronika Roz{\'i}kov{\'a} and Monika V{\'i}cenov{\'a} and Nicola Proch{\'a}zkov{\'a} and Petra Ondr{\'a}{\v c}kov{\'a} and Petra Pe{\v s}kov{\'a} and Martin Faldyna",
note = "(Ekstern)",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.17221/110/2016-CJAS",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "482--490",
journal = "Czech Journal of Animal Science",
issn = "1212-1819",
publisher = "Institute of Agricultural and Food Information",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tissue fatty acid deposition, plasma lipid and cytokine profile in pigs fed a diet with fish oil or palm oil

AU - Komprda, Tomáš

AU - Rozíková, Veronika

AU - Vícenová, Monika

AU - Procházková, Nicola

AU - Ondráčková, Petra

AU - Pešková, Petra

AU - Faldyna, Martin

N1 - (Ekstern)

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The present study tested a hypothesis concerning a favourable effect of dietary fish oil on the tissue polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) deposition, and on plasma lipid and cytokine profile. Thirty-two pigs divided into two groups of 16 animals each were fed for 70 days a diet with 2.5% of fish oil (F) and palm oil (P), respectively. The content of PUFA n-3 in the liver, muscle (m. quadriceps femoris), and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of the F- and P-pigs was 530 and 129, 84 and 19, 1365 and 191 mg/100 g of the fresh tissue, respectively (differences between dietary groups were significant at P < 0.01 in all tissues). Dietary fish oil in comparison with palm oil decreased (P < 0.05) total plasma cholesterol, but also desirable high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and had no effect (P > 0.05) both on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triacylglycerols. Moreover, dietary fish oil increased (P < 0.05) expression of the genes coding for not only anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 (P < 0.01) and TGF-β1 (P < 0.05), but also for pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 (P < 0.01), IL-12, and TNF-α (P < 0.05) in the VAT, and increased (P < 0.05) the expression of the IL6 gene in the liver. On the other hand, no significant differences (P > 0.05) between the F- and P-pigs in plasma levels of any tested cytokine were found out. It was concluded that an effect of dietary fish oil on tissue fatty acid deposition is undeniable, but its effects on plasma markers related to the risk of chronic degenerative diseases require further research.

AB - The present study tested a hypothesis concerning a favourable effect of dietary fish oil on the tissue polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) deposition, and on plasma lipid and cytokine profile. Thirty-two pigs divided into two groups of 16 animals each were fed for 70 days a diet with 2.5% of fish oil (F) and palm oil (P), respectively. The content of PUFA n-3 in the liver, muscle (m. quadriceps femoris), and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of the F- and P-pigs was 530 and 129, 84 and 19, 1365 and 191 mg/100 g of the fresh tissue, respectively (differences between dietary groups were significant at P < 0.01 in all tissues). Dietary fish oil in comparison with palm oil decreased (P < 0.05) total plasma cholesterol, but also desirable high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and had no effect (P > 0.05) both on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triacylglycerols. Moreover, dietary fish oil increased (P < 0.05) expression of the genes coding for not only anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 (P < 0.01) and TGF-β1 (P < 0.05), but also for pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 (P < 0.01), IL-12, and TNF-α (P < 0.05) in the VAT, and increased (P < 0.05) the expression of the IL6 gene in the liver. On the other hand, no significant differences (P > 0.05) between the F- and P-pigs in plasma levels of any tested cytokine were found out. It was concluded that an effect of dietary fish oil on tissue fatty acid deposition is undeniable, but its effects on plasma markers related to the risk of chronic degenerative diseases require further research.

KW - Cardiovascular diseases

KW - Cholesterol

KW - DHA

KW - EPA

KW - Feed ration

KW - IL-10

KW - Muscle

KW - Pig

KW - TNF-α

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85031107845&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.17221/110/2016-CJAS

DO - 10.17221/110/2016-CJAS

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85031107845

VL - 62

SP - 482

EP - 490

JO - Czech Journal of Animal Science

JF - Czech Journal of Animal Science

SN - 1212-1819

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 247499015