Glucagon-like peptide-2 analogue ZP1849 augments colonic anastomotic wound healing
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- Kjaer et al_Gastroenterology Research and Practice_2020_Vol 2020_e8460508
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Background: The enteroendocrine hormone glucagon-like peptide- (GLP-) 2 is a potent trophic factor in the gastrointestinal tract. The GLP-2 receptor (GLP-2R) is expressed in the stroma of the large bowel wall, which is the major therapeutic target area to prevent anastomotic leakage. We investigated the efficacy of the long-acting GLP-2 analogue ZP1849 on colonic anastomotic wound healing.
Methods: Eighty-seven male Wistar rats were stratified into four groups and received daily treatment with vehicle or ZP1849 starting one day before (day -1) end-to-end anastomosis was constructed in the left colon on day 0, and on days 0 (resected colon segment), 3, and 5, gene expressions of GLP-2R, Ki67, insulin-like growth factor- (IGF-) 1, type I (COL1A1) and type III (COL3A1) procollagens, cyclooxygenase- (COX-) 1, COX-2, and matrix metalloproteinase- (MMP-) 7 were quantified by RT-qPCR. Breaking strength, myeloperoxidase (MPO), transforming growth factor- (TGF-) β1, and soluble collagen proteins were measured on days 3 and 5.
Results: ZP1849 treatment increased Ki67 (P < 0.0001) and IGF-1 (P < 0.05) mRNA levels in noninjured colon day 0, and postoperatively in the anastomotic wounds compared to vehicle-treated rats. ZP1849-treated rats had increased (P = 0.042) anastomotic breaking strength at day 5 compared with vehicle. COL1A1 and COL3A1 mRNA levels (P<0.0001) and soluble collagen proteins (P < 0.05) increased from day 3 to day 5 in ZP1849-treated rats, but not in vehicle-treated rats. COX-2 mRNA and MPO protein levels decreased from day 3 to day 5 (P < 0.001) in both groups. ZP1849 treatment reduced TGF-β1 protein levels on day 5 (P < 0.001) but did not impact MMP-7 transcription.
Conclusions: The GLP-2 analogue ZP1849 increased breaking strength, IGF-1 expression, and cell proliferation, which may be beneficial for colonic anastomotic wound healing.
|Tidsskrift||Gastroenterology Research and Practice|
|Status||Udgivet - 2020|