Doping control in sport: An investigation of how elite athletes perceive and trust the functioning of the doping testing system in their sport

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Standard

Doping control in sport : An investigation of how elite athletes perceive and trust the functioning of the doping testing system in their sport. / Overbye, Marie Birch.

I: Sport Management Review, Bind 19, Nr. 1, 2016, s. 6-22.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Overbye, MB 2016, 'Doping control in sport: An investigation of how elite athletes perceive and trust the functioning of the doping testing system in their sport', Sport Management Review, bind 19, nr. 1, s. 6-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2015.10.002

APA

Overbye, M. B. (2016). Doping control in sport: An investigation of how elite athletes perceive and trust the functioning of the doping testing system in their sport. Sport Management Review, 19(1), 6-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2015.10.002

Vancouver

Overbye MB. Doping control in sport: An investigation of how elite athletes perceive and trust the functioning of the doping testing system in their sport. Sport Management Review. 2016;19(1):6-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2015.10.002

Author

Overbye, Marie Birch. / Doping control in sport : An investigation of how elite athletes perceive and trust the functioning of the doping testing system in their sport. I: Sport Management Review. 2016 ; Bind 19, Nr. 1. s. 6-22.

Bibtex

@article{36ec8a242e704c2fac98f8f9e80180b8,
title = "Doping control in sport: An investigation of how elite athletes perceive and trust the functioning of the doping testing system in their sport",
abstract = "Doping testing is a key component enforced by anti-doping authorities to detect and deter doping in sport. Policy is developed to protect athletes' right to participate in doping-free sport; and testing is a key tool to secure this right. Accordingly, athletes' responses to anti-doping efforts are important. This article explores how the International Standards for Testing, which face different interpretations and challenges when policy is implemented, are perceived by elite athletes. Particularly, this article aims to investigate how elite athletes perceive the functioning of the testing system (i.e., the efforts of stakeholders involved in testing) in their own sport both nationally and worldwide. Moreover, it seeks to identify whether specific factors such as previous experience of testing and perceived proximity of doping have an impact on athletes' perceptions of the testing system. The study comprises a web-based questionnaire (N = 645; response rate 43{\%}) and uses qualitative findings to elaborate on and explain quantitative results. Results showed that two-thirds of the athletes reported the national testing programme in their sport to be appropriate. A majority of the athletes who had an opinion on the subject regarded testing programmes in some countries as not extensive enough or believed that in certain countries doping control was downgraded to win medals. Past experience of testing seemed to have a positive influence on trust in the concrete measures; however, if athletes experienced flaws during the control procedures, this could increase distrust and cause worry. The proximity of doping in an athlete's sport influenced the athlete's perception of the testing system. Particularly, athletes who need the testing system to be effective and to function well across the world show greater distrust of or dissatisfaction with the current testing system. The athletes' diverging views indicate that contemporary anti-doping policy is simultaneously met with support, (dis)trust and frustration. By integrating the views and experiences of Danish elite athletes, this study confirms that the current testing system is confronted with obstacles, and it contributes knowledge about some of the challenges WADA faces when policy is implemented. Implications of results and recommendations for anti-doping authorities are outlined in the paper.",
keywords = "Anti-doping policy, Deterrence, Elite athletes, Interviews, Survey, World Anti-Doping Code",
author = "Overbye, {Marie Birch}",
note = "CURIS 2016 NEXS 393",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1016/j.smr.2015.10.002",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "6--22",
journal = "Sport Management Review",
issn = "1441-3523",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Doping control in sport

T2 - An investigation of how elite athletes perceive and trust the functioning of the doping testing system in their sport

AU - Overbye, Marie Birch

N1 - CURIS 2016 NEXS 393

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Doping testing is a key component enforced by anti-doping authorities to detect and deter doping in sport. Policy is developed to protect athletes' right to participate in doping-free sport; and testing is a key tool to secure this right. Accordingly, athletes' responses to anti-doping efforts are important. This article explores how the International Standards for Testing, which face different interpretations and challenges when policy is implemented, are perceived by elite athletes. Particularly, this article aims to investigate how elite athletes perceive the functioning of the testing system (i.e., the efforts of stakeholders involved in testing) in their own sport both nationally and worldwide. Moreover, it seeks to identify whether specific factors such as previous experience of testing and perceived proximity of doping have an impact on athletes' perceptions of the testing system. The study comprises a web-based questionnaire (N = 645; response rate 43%) and uses qualitative findings to elaborate on and explain quantitative results. Results showed that two-thirds of the athletes reported the national testing programme in their sport to be appropriate. A majority of the athletes who had an opinion on the subject regarded testing programmes in some countries as not extensive enough or believed that in certain countries doping control was downgraded to win medals. Past experience of testing seemed to have a positive influence on trust in the concrete measures; however, if athletes experienced flaws during the control procedures, this could increase distrust and cause worry. The proximity of doping in an athlete's sport influenced the athlete's perception of the testing system. Particularly, athletes who need the testing system to be effective and to function well across the world show greater distrust of or dissatisfaction with the current testing system. The athletes' diverging views indicate that contemporary anti-doping policy is simultaneously met with support, (dis)trust and frustration. By integrating the views and experiences of Danish elite athletes, this study confirms that the current testing system is confronted with obstacles, and it contributes knowledge about some of the challenges WADA faces when policy is implemented. Implications of results and recommendations for anti-doping authorities are outlined in the paper.

AB - Doping testing is a key component enforced by anti-doping authorities to detect and deter doping in sport. Policy is developed to protect athletes' right to participate in doping-free sport; and testing is a key tool to secure this right. Accordingly, athletes' responses to anti-doping efforts are important. This article explores how the International Standards for Testing, which face different interpretations and challenges when policy is implemented, are perceived by elite athletes. Particularly, this article aims to investigate how elite athletes perceive the functioning of the testing system (i.e., the efforts of stakeholders involved in testing) in their own sport both nationally and worldwide. Moreover, it seeks to identify whether specific factors such as previous experience of testing and perceived proximity of doping have an impact on athletes' perceptions of the testing system. The study comprises a web-based questionnaire (N = 645; response rate 43%) and uses qualitative findings to elaborate on and explain quantitative results. Results showed that two-thirds of the athletes reported the national testing programme in their sport to be appropriate. A majority of the athletes who had an opinion on the subject regarded testing programmes in some countries as not extensive enough or believed that in certain countries doping control was downgraded to win medals. Past experience of testing seemed to have a positive influence on trust in the concrete measures; however, if athletes experienced flaws during the control procedures, this could increase distrust and cause worry. The proximity of doping in an athlete's sport influenced the athlete's perception of the testing system. Particularly, athletes who need the testing system to be effective and to function well across the world show greater distrust of or dissatisfaction with the current testing system. The athletes' diverging views indicate that contemporary anti-doping policy is simultaneously met with support, (dis)trust and frustration. By integrating the views and experiences of Danish elite athletes, this study confirms that the current testing system is confronted with obstacles, and it contributes knowledge about some of the challenges WADA faces when policy is implemented. Implications of results and recommendations for anti-doping authorities are outlined in the paper.

KW - Anti-doping policy

KW - Deterrence

KW - Elite athletes

KW - Interviews

KW - Survey

KW - World Anti-Doping Code

U2 - 10.1016/j.smr.2015.10.002

DO - 10.1016/j.smr.2015.10.002

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:84957455405

VL - 19

SP - 6

EP - 22

JO - Sport Management Review

JF - Sport Management Review

SN - 1441-3523

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 179096526