Association between Yersinia ruckeri infection, cytokine expression and survival in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
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The immune response against bacterial pathogens has been widely studied in teleosts and it is evident that survival chances differ significantly within a host population. Identification of indicators for susceptibility and responsiveness will improve our understanding of this host-pathogen interaction. The present work shows that the transcripts of cytokine genes in blood cells sampled three days post-infection was significantly higher in fish which obtained a high bacteriemia and died at later time points when compared to both non-infected control fish and infected fish that survived the infection. Rainbow trout were infected by bath challenge in a bacterial suspension (LD(60) dose, 1.8 × 10(9) CFU/ml Yersiniaruckeri for 1 h) and subsequently transferred to individual aquaria for 30 days of observation. Blood samples were analyzed for presence of Y. ruckeri both by culture and quantitative RT real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and transcript levels of 28 genes encoding molecules which are important in the immune response. The transcript levels of a number of central cytokines, chemokines and cytokine receptors (IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-a, IL-receptor II) were significantly increased in infected fish that died later. In addition, a significantly higher amount of Y. ruckeri was found in the blood of the fish that died when compared to survivors. The study indicates that highly susceptible trout obtain an early heavy septicemia infection, which elicits a high up-regulation of the transcript of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Thus, less susceptible fish are protected by other factors and contract merely a weak non-lethal infection eliciting no or a weak cytokine response.
|Tidsskrift||Fish and Shellfish Immunology|
|Status||Udgivet - 2011|
- Forsøgsdyr - Yersinia ruckeri, Rainbow trout, Pro-inflammatory cytokines, Blood, Susceptibility to infection