Sea buckthorn decreases and delays insulin response and improves glycaemic profile following a sucrose-containing berry meal: a randomised, controlled, crossover study of Danish sea buckthorn and strawberries in overweight and obese male subjects

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Sea buckthorn decreases and delays insulin response and improves glycaemic profile following a sucrose-containing berry meal : a randomised, controlled, crossover study of Danish sea buckthorn and strawberries in overweight and obese male subjects. / Mortensen, Maria Wichmann; Spagner, Camilla; Cuparencu, Cătălina; Astrup, Arne; Raben, Anne; Dragsted, Lars Ove.

I: European Journal of Nutrition, Bind 57, Nr. 8, 2018, s. 2827-2837.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Mortensen, MW, Spagner, C, Cuparencu, C, Astrup, A, Raben, A & Dragsted, LO 2018, 'Sea buckthorn decreases and delays insulin response and improves glycaemic profile following a sucrose-containing berry meal: a randomised, controlled, crossover study of Danish sea buckthorn and strawberries in overweight and obese male subjects', European Journal of Nutrition, bind 57, nr. 8, s. 2827-2837. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-017-1550-8

APA

Mortensen, M. W., Spagner, C., Cuparencu, C., Astrup, A., Raben, A., & Dragsted, L. O. (2018). Sea buckthorn decreases and delays insulin response and improves glycaemic profile following a sucrose-containing berry meal: a randomised, controlled, crossover study of Danish sea buckthorn and strawberries in overweight and obese male subjects. European Journal of Nutrition, 57(8), 2827-2837. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-017-1550-8

Vancouver

Mortensen MW, Spagner C, Cuparencu C, Astrup A, Raben A, Dragsted LO. Sea buckthorn decreases and delays insulin response and improves glycaemic profile following a sucrose-containing berry meal: a randomised, controlled, crossover study of Danish sea buckthorn and strawberries in overweight and obese male subjects. European Journal of Nutrition. 2018;57(8):2827-2837. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-017-1550-8

Author

Mortensen, Maria Wichmann ; Spagner, Camilla ; Cuparencu, Cătălina ; Astrup, Arne ; Raben, Anne ; Dragsted, Lars Ove. / Sea buckthorn decreases and delays insulin response and improves glycaemic profile following a sucrose-containing berry meal : a randomised, controlled, crossover study of Danish sea buckthorn and strawberries in overweight and obese male subjects. I: European Journal of Nutrition. 2018 ; Bind 57, Nr. 8. s. 2827-2837.

Bibtex

@article{552f50b1521f4ed794e1c3f67c84e371,
title = "Sea buckthorn decreases and delays insulin response and improves glycaemic profile following a sucrose-containing berry meal: a randomised, controlled, crossover study of Danish sea buckthorn and strawberries in overweight and obese male subjects",
abstract = "Purpose: Berries and mixed berry products exert acute effects on postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia, but very few berries have been studied, and primarily in normal weight subjects. Sea buckthorn and strawberry are compositionally widely different berries and may likely produce different responses. The effects of strawberry and sea buckthorn on postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia were examined in overweight or obese male subjects. Subjective appetite sensations and ad libitum intake were also examined.Methods: The study was conducted as a randomised, controlled, single-blinded, three-way crossover study. Eighteen subjects were studied in three 2-h meal tests followed by a subsequent ad libitum meal. Test meals contained added sucrose and either sea buckthorn, strawberry or no berries with added fructose (control). Blood samples were collected at t = 0, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 min. Subjective appetite sensations were recorded at t = 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, and 140 min and subsequent ad libitum intake was recorded. Statistical differences in all continuous measures were evaluated based on the existence of a meal or a time-meal interaction by repeated measures linear model analyses or by differences in AUC by linear mixed models.Results: None of the berries affected postprandial glucose. However, sea buckthorn improved glycaemic profile (44.7{\%}, p < 0.01) compared to control. Sea buckthorn also resulted in a decrease in plasma insulin concentration at 30 min (39.6{\%}, p < 0.01) and at 45 min (16.5{\%}, p < 0.05) compared to control and the maximal increase in plasma insulin was lower following sea buckthorn compared with control (23.6{\%}, p < 0.01). Strawberry did not affect postprandial insulin concentrations compared to control. No differences between control and each of the two berries were observed for any of the appetite parameters, except for desire for something sweet, which was increased following the sea buckthorn meal compared to control.Conclusions: There was no effect on postprandial glucose response to a sugar challenge given together with purees of strawberry or sea buckthorn. Sea buckthorn decreased and delayed the insulin response and improved glycaemic profile compared with control. Strawberry had no such effects. No important differences were seen for the appetite measures. Sea buckthorn might be useful as a culinary tool for lowering meal insulin response.",
keywords = "Appetite, Nordic berries, Postprandial glucose, Postprandial insulin, Sea buckthorn, Strawberry",
author = "Mortensen, {Maria Wichmann} and Camilla Spagner and Cătălina Cuparencu and Arne Astrup and Anne Raben and Dragsted, {Lars Ove}",
note = "CURIS 2018 NEXS 400",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/s00394-017-1550-8",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "2827--2837",
journal = "European Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1436-6207",
publisher = "Springer Medizin",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sea buckthorn decreases and delays insulin response and improves glycaemic profile following a sucrose-containing berry meal

T2 - a randomised, controlled, crossover study of Danish sea buckthorn and strawberries in overweight and obese male subjects

AU - Mortensen, Maria Wichmann

AU - Spagner, Camilla

AU - Cuparencu, Cătălina

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Raben, Anne

AU - Dragsted, Lars Ove

N1 - CURIS 2018 NEXS 400

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Purpose: Berries and mixed berry products exert acute effects on postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia, but very few berries have been studied, and primarily in normal weight subjects. Sea buckthorn and strawberry are compositionally widely different berries and may likely produce different responses. The effects of strawberry and sea buckthorn on postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia were examined in overweight or obese male subjects. Subjective appetite sensations and ad libitum intake were also examined.Methods: The study was conducted as a randomised, controlled, single-blinded, three-way crossover study. Eighteen subjects were studied in three 2-h meal tests followed by a subsequent ad libitum meal. Test meals contained added sucrose and either sea buckthorn, strawberry or no berries with added fructose (control). Blood samples were collected at t = 0, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 min. Subjective appetite sensations were recorded at t = 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, and 140 min and subsequent ad libitum intake was recorded. Statistical differences in all continuous measures were evaluated based on the existence of a meal or a time-meal interaction by repeated measures linear model analyses or by differences in AUC by linear mixed models.Results: None of the berries affected postprandial glucose. However, sea buckthorn improved glycaemic profile (44.7%, p < 0.01) compared to control. Sea buckthorn also resulted in a decrease in plasma insulin concentration at 30 min (39.6%, p < 0.01) and at 45 min (16.5%, p < 0.05) compared to control and the maximal increase in plasma insulin was lower following sea buckthorn compared with control (23.6%, p < 0.01). Strawberry did not affect postprandial insulin concentrations compared to control. No differences between control and each of the two berries were observed for any of the appetite parameters, except for desire for something sweet, which was increased following the sea buckthorn meal compared to control.Conclusions: There was no effect on postprandial glucose response to a sugar challenge given together with purees of strawberry or sea buckthorn. Sea buckthorn decreased and delayed the insulin response and improved glycaemic profile compared with control. Strawberry had no such effects. No important differences were seen for the appetite measures. Sea buckthorn might be useful as a culinary tool for lowering meal insulin response.

AB - Purpose: Berries and mixed berry products exert acute effects on postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia, but very few berries have been studied, and primarily in normal weight subjects. Sea buckthorn and strawberry are compositionally widely different berries and may likely produce different responses. The effects of strawberry and sea buckthorn on postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia were examined in overweight or obese male subjects. Subjective appetite sensations and ad libitum intake were also examined.Methods: The study was conducted as a randomised, controlled, single-blinded, three-way crossover study. Eighteen subjects were studied in three 2-h meal tests followed by a subsequent ad libitum meal. Test meals contained added sucrose and either sea buckthorn, strawberry or no berries with added fructose (control). Blood samples were collected at t = 0, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 min. Subjective appetite sensations were recorded at t = 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, and 140 min and subsequent ad libitum intake was recorded. Statistical differences in all continuous measures were evaluated based on the existence of a meal or a time-meal interaction by repeated measures linear model analyses or by differences in AUC by linear mixed models.Results: None of the berries affected postprandial glucose. However, sea buckthorn improved glycaemic profile (44.7%, p < 0.01) compared to control. Sea buckthorn also resulted in a decrease in plasma insulin concentration at 30 min (39.6%, p < 0.01) and at 45 min (16.5%, p < 0.05) compared to control and the maximal increase in plasma insulin was lower following sea buckthorn compared with control (23.6%, p < 0.01). Strawberry did not affect postprandial insulin concentrations compared to control. No differences between control and each of the two berries were observed for any of the appetite parameters, except for desire for something sweet, which was increased following the sea buckthorn meal compared to control.Conclusions: There was no effect on postprandial glucose response to a sugar challenge given together with purees of strawberry or sea buckthorn. Sea buckthorn decreased and delayed the insulin response and improved glycaemic profile compared with control. Strawberry had no such effects. No important differences were seen for the appetite measures. Sea buckthorn might be useful as a culinary tool for lowering meal insulin response.

KW - Appetite

KW - Nordic berries

KW - Postprandial glucose

KW - Postprandial insulin

KW - Sea buckthorn

KW - Strawberry

U2 - 10.1007/s00394-017-1550-8

DO - 10.1007/s00394-017-1550-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29022100

VL - 57

SP - 2827

EP - 2837

JO - European Journal of Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1436-6207

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 184642460