Predictors of successful weight loss with relative maintenance of fat-free mass in individuals with overweight and obesity on an 8-week low-energy diet

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Standard

Predictors of successful weight loss with relative maintenance of fat-free mass in individuals with overweight and obesity on an 8-week low-energy diet. / Hansen, Thea Toft; Hjorth, Mads Fiil; Sandby, Karoline; Andersen, Sarah Vold; Astrup, Arne; Ritz, Christian; Bulló, Mònica; Camacho-Barcía, Maria Lucia; García-Gavilán, Jesús Francisco; Salas-Salvadó, Jordi; Harrold, Joanne A; Halford, Jason C G; Sjödin, Anders Mikael.

I: British Journal of Nutrition, Bind 122, Nr. 4, 2019, s. 468-479.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hansen, TT, Hjorth, MF, Sandby, K, Andersen, SV, Astrup, A, Ritz, C, Bulló, M, Camacho-Barcía, ML, García-Gavilán, JF, Salas-Salvadó, J, Harrold, JA, Halford, JCG & Sjödin, AM 2019, 'Predictors of successful weight loss with relative maintenance of fat-free mass in individuals with overweight and obesity on an 8-week low-energy diet', British Journal of Nutrition, bind 122, nr. 4, s. 468-479. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519001296

APA

Hansen, T. T., Hjorth, M. F., Sandby, K., Andersen, S. V., Astrup, A., Ritz, C., ... Sjödin, A. M. (2019). Predictors of successful weight loss with relative maintenance of fat-free mass in individuals with overweight and obesity on an 8-week low-energy diet. British Journal of Nutrition, 122(4), 468-479. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519001296

Vancouver

Hansen TT, Hjorth MF, Sandby K, Andersen SV, Astrup A, Ritz C o.a. Predictors of successful weight loss with relative maintenance of fat-free mass in individuals with overweight and obesity on an 8-week low-energy diet. British Journal of Nutrition. 2019;122(4):468-479. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519001296

Author

Hansen, Thea Toft ; Hjorth, Mads Fiil ; Sandby, Karoline ; Andersen, Sarah Vold ; Astrup, Arne ; Ritz, Christian ; Bulló, Mònica ; Camacho-Barcía, Maria Lucia ; García-Gavilán, Jesús Francisco ; Salas-Salvadó, Jordi ; Harrold, Joanne A ; Halford, Jason C G ; Sjödin, Anders Mikael. / Predictors of successful weight loss with relative maintenance of fat-free mass in individuals with overweight and obesity on an 8-week low-energy diet. I: British Journal of Nutrition. 2019 ; Bind 122, Nr. 4. s. 468-479.

Bibtex

@article{8eb7399e8e0940e59dbe0b515feffa2e,
title = "Predictors of successful weight loss with relative maintenance of fat-free mass in individuals with overweight and obesity on an 8-week low-energy diet",
abstract = "A low-energy diet (LED) is an effective approach to induce a rapid weight loss in individuals with overweight. However, reported disproportionally large losses of fat-free mass (FFM) after an LED trigger the question of adequate protein content. Additionally, not all individuals have the same degree of weight loss success. After an 8-week LED providing 5020 kJ/d for men and 4184 kJ/d for women (84/70 g protein/d) among overweight and obese adults, we aimed to investigate the relationship between protein intake relative to initial FFM and proportion of weight lost as FFM as well as the individual characteristics associated with weight loss success. We assessed all outcomes baseline and after the LED. A total of 286 participants (sixty-four men and 222 women) initiated the LED of which 82 {\%} completed and 70 {\%} achieved a substantial weight loss (defined as ≥8 {\%}). Protein intake in the range 1·0-1·6 g protein/d per kg FFM at baseline for men and 1·1-2·2 g protein/d per kg FFM at baseline for women was not associated with loss of FFM (P = 0·632). Higher Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) hunger at baseline and reductions in TFEQ disinhibition and hunger during the LED were associated with larger weight loss (all P ≤ 0·020); whereas lower sleep quality at baseline predicted less successful weight loss using intention to treat analysis (P = 0·021), possibly driven by those dropping out (n 81, P = 0·067 v. completers: n 198, P = 0·659). Thus, the protein intakes relative to initial FFM were sufficient for maintenance of FFM and specific eating behaviour characteristics were associated with weight loss success.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Low-energy diets, Appetite, Hunger, Behaviour, Protein",
author = "Hansen, {Thea Toft} and Hjorth, {Mads Fiil} and Karoline Sandby and Andersen, {Sarah Vold} and Arne Astrup and Christian Ritz and M{\`o}nica Bull{\'o} and Camacho-Barc{\'i}a, {Maria Lucia} and Garc{\'i}a-Gavil{\'a}n, {Jes{\'u}s Francisco} and Jordi Salas-Salvad{\'o} and Harrold, {Joanne A} and Halford, {Jason C G} and Sj{\"o}din, {Anders Mikael}",
note = "CURIS 2019 NEXS 224",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1017/S0007114519001296",
language = "English",
volume = "122",
pages = "468--479",
journal = "British Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0007-1145",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of successful weight loss with relative maintenance of fat-free mass in individuals with overweight and obesity on an 8-week low-energy diet

AU - Hansen, Thea Toft

AU - Hjorth, Mads Fiil

AU - Sandby, Karoline

AU - Andersen, Sarah Vold

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Bulló, Mònica

AU - Camacho-Barcía, Maria Lucia

AU - García-Gavilán, Jesús Francisco

AU - Salas-Salvadó, Jordi

AU - Harrold, Joanne A

AU - Halford, Jason C G

AU - Sjödin, Anders Mikael

N1 - CURIS 2019 NEXS 224

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - A low-energy diet (LED) is an effective approach to induce a rapid weight loss in individuals with overweight. However, reported disproportionally large losses of fat-free mass (FFM) after an LED trigger the question of adequate protein content. Additionally, not all individuals have the same degree of weight loss success. After an 8-week LED providing 5020 kJ/d for men and 4184 kJ/d for women (84/70 g protein/d) among overweight and obese adults, we aimed to investigate the relationship between protein intake relative to initial FFM and proportion of weight lost as FFM as well as the individual characteristics associated with weight loss success. We assessed all outcomes baseline and after the LED. A total of 286 participants (sixty-four men and 222 women) initiated the LED of which 82 % completed and 70 % achieved a substantial weight loss (defined as ≥8 %). Protein intake in the range 1·0-1·6 g protein/d per kg FFM at baseline for men and 1·1-2·2 g protein/d per kg FFM at baseline for women was not associated with loss of FFM (P = 0·632). Higher Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) hunger at baseline and reductions in TFEQ disinhibition and hunger during the LED were associated with larger weight loss (all P ≤ 0·020); whereas lower sleep quality at baseline predicted less successful weight loss using intention to treat analysis (P = 0·021), possibly driven by those dropping out (n 81, P = 0·067 v. completers: n 198, P = 0·659). Thus, the protein intakes relative to initial FFM were sufficient for maintenance of FFM and specific eating behaviour characteristics were associated with weight loss success.

AB - A low-energy diet (LED) is an effective approach to induce a rapid weight loss in individuals with overweight. However, reported disproportionally large losses of fat-free mass (FFM) after an LED trigger the question of adequate protein content. Additionally, not all individuals have the same degree of weight loss success. After an 8-week LED providing 5020 kJ/d for men and 4184 kJ/d for women (84/70 g protein/d) among overweight and obese adults, we aimed to investigate the relationship between protein intake relative to initial FFM and proportion of weight lost as FFM as well as the individual characteristics associated with weight loss success. We assessed all outcomes baseline and after the LED. A total of 286 participants (sixty-four men and 222 women) initiated the LED of which 82 % completed and 70 % achieved a substantial weight loss (defined as ≥8 %). Protein intake in the range 1·0-1·6 g protein/d per kg FFM at baseline for men and 1·1-2·2 g protein/d per kg FFM at baseline for women was not associated with loss of FFM (P = 0·632). Higher Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) hunger at baseline and reductions in TFEQ disinhibition and hunger during the LED were associated with larger weight loss (all P ≤ 0·020); whereas lower sleep quality at baseline predicted less successful weight loss using intention to treat analysis (P = 0·021), possibly driven by those dropping out (n 81, P = 0·067 v. completers: n 198, P = 0·659). Thus, the protein intakes relative to initial FFM were sufficient for maintenance of FFM and specific eating behaviour characteristics were associated with weight loss success.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Low-energy diets

KW - Appetite

KW - Hunger

KW - Behaviour

KW - Protein

U2 - 10.1017/S0007114519001296

DO - 10.1017/S0007114519001296

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31242952

VL - 122

SP - 468

EP - 479

JO - British Journal of Nutrition

JF - British Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0007-1145

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 223572052