miRNAs in Human Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue: Effects of Weight Loss Induced by Hypocaloric Diet and Exercise

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miRNAs in Human Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue : Effects of Weight Loss Induced by Hypocaloric Diet and Exercise. / Kristensen, Malene M.; Davidsen, Peter K.; Vigelso, Andreas; Hansen, Christina N.; Jensen, Lars J.; Jessen, Niels; Bruun, Jens M.; Dela, Flemming; Helge, Jorn W.

I: Obesity, Bind 25, Nr. 3, 03.2017, s. 572-580.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kristensen, MM, Davidsen, PK, Vigelso, A, Hansen, CN, Jensen, LJ, Jessen, N, Bruun, JM, Dela, F & Helge, JW 2017, 'miRNAs in Human Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue: Effects of Weight Loss Induced by Hypocaloric Diet and Exercise', Obesity, bind 25, nr. 3, s. 572-580. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21765

APA

Kristensen, M. M., Davidsen, P. K., Vigelso, A., Hansen, C. N., Jensen, L. J., Jessen, N., ... Helge, J. W. (2017). miRNAs in Human Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue: Effects of Weight Loss Induced by Hypocaloric Diet and Exercise. Obesity, 25(3), 572-580. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21765

Vancouver

Kristensen MM, Davidsen PK, Vigelso A, Hansen CN, Jensen LJ, Jessen N o.a. miRNAs in Human Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue: Effects of Weight Loss Induced by Hypocaloric Diet and Exercise. Obesity. 2017 mar;25(3):572-580. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21765

Author

Kristensen, Malene M. ; Davidsen, Peter K. ; Vigelso, Andreas ; Hansen, Christina N. ; Jensen, Lars J. ; Jessen, Niels ; Bruun, Jens M. ; Dela, Flemming ; Helge, Jorn W. / miRNAs in Human Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue : Effects of Weight Loss Induced by Hypocaloric Diet and Exercise. I: Obesity. 2017 ; Bind 25, Nr. 3. s. 572-580.

Bibtex

@article{79d4f60970ac488dbce2a1fb04946845,
title = "miRNAs in Human Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue: Effects of Weight Loss Induced by Hypocaloric Diet and Exercise",
abstract = "ObjectiveObesity is central in the development of insulin resistance. However, the underlying mechanisms still need elucidation. Dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs; post-transcriptional regulators) in adipose tissue may present an important link.MethodsThe miRNA expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue from 19 individuals with severe obesity (10 women and 9 men) before and after a 15-week weight loss intervention was studied using genome-wide microarray analysis. The microarray results were validated with RT-qPCR, and pathway enrichment analysis of in silico predicted targets was performed to elucidate the biological consequences of the miRNA dysregulation. Lastly, the messenger RNA (mRNA) and/or protein expression of multiple predicted targets as well as several proteins involved in lipolysis were investigated.ResultsThe intervention led to upregulation of miR-29a-3p and miR-29a-5p and downregulation of miR-20b-5p. The mRNA and protein expression of predicted targets was not significantly affected by the intervention. However, negative correlations between miR-20b-5p and the protein levels of its predicted target, acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 1, were observed. Several other miRNA-target relationships correlated negatively, indicating possible miRNA regulation, including miR-29a-3p and lipoprotein lipase mRNA levels. Proteins involved in lipolysis were not affected by the intervention.ConclusionsWeight loss influenced several miRNAs, some of which were negatively correlated with predicted targets. These dysregulated miRNAs may affect adipocytokine signaling and forkhead box protein O signaling.",
author = "Kristensen, {Malene M.} and Davidsen, {Peter K.} and Andreas Vigelso and Hansen, {Christina N.} and Jensen, {Lars J.} and Niels Jessen and Bruun, {Jens M.} and Flemming Dela and Helge, {Jorn W.}",
note = "CURIS 2017 NEXS 371",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1002/oby.21765",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "572--580",
journal = "Obesity",
issn = "1930-7381",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - miRNAs in Human Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue

T2 - Effects of Weight Loss Induced by Hypocaloric Diet and Exercise

AU - Kristensen, Malene M.

AU - Davidsen, Peter K.

AU - Vigelso, Andreas

AU - Hansen, Christina N.

AU - Jensen, Lars J.

AU - Jessen, Niels

AU - Bruun, Jens M.

AU - Dela, Flemming

AU - Helge, Jorn W.

N1 - CURIS 2017 NEXS 371

PY - 2017/3

Y1 - 2017/3

N2 - ObjectiveObesity is central in the development of insulin resistance. However, the underlying mechanisms still need elucidation. Dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs; post-transcriptional regulators) in adipose tissue may present an important link.MethodsThe miRNA expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue from 19 individuals with severe obesity (10 women and 9 men) before and after a 15-week weight loss intervention was studied using genome-wide microarray analysis. The microarray results were validated with RT-qPCR, and pathway enrichment analysis of in silico predicted targets was performed to elucidate the biological consequences of the miRNA dysregulation. Lastly, the messenger RNA (mRNA) and/or protein expression of multiple predicted targets as well as several proteins involved in lipolysis were investigated.ResultsThe intervention led to upregulation of miR-29a-3p and miR-29a-5p and downregulation of miR-20b-5p. The mRNA and protein expression of predicted targets was not significantly affected by the intervention. However, negative correlations between miR-20b-5p and the protein levels of its predicted target, acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 1, were observed. Several other miRNA-target relationships correlated negatively, indicating possible miRNA regulation, including miR-29a-3p and lipoprotein lipase mRNA levels. Proteins involved in lipolysis were not affected by the intervention.ConclusionsWeight loss influenced several miRNAs, some of which were negatively correlated with predicted targets. These dysregulated miRNAs may affect adipocytokine signaling and forkhead box protein O signaling.

AB - ObjectiveObesity is central in the development of insulin resistance. However, the underlying mechanisms still need elucidation. Dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs; post-transcriptional regulators) in adipose tissue may present an important link.MethodsThe miRNA expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue from 19 individuals with severe obesity (10 women and 9 men) before and after a 15-week weight loss intervention was studied using genome-wide microarray analysis. The microarray results were validated with RT-qPCR, and pathway enrichment analysis of in silico predicted targets was performed to elucidate the biological consequences of the miRNA dysregulation. Lastly, the messenger RNA (mRNA) and/or protein expression of multiple predicted targets as well as several proteins involved in lipolysis were investigated.ResultsThe intervention led to upregulation of miR-29a-3p and miR-29a-5p and downregulation of miR-20b-5p. The mRNA and protein expression of predicted targets was not significantly affected by the intervention. However, negative correlations between miR-20b-5p and the protein levels of its predicted target, acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 1, were observed. Several other miRNA-target relationships correlated negatively, indicating possible miRNA regulation, including miR-29a-3p and lipoprotein lipase mRNA levels. Proteins involved in lipolysis were not affected by the intervention.ConclusionsWeight loss influenced several miRNAs, some of which were negatively correlated with predicted targets. These dysregulated miRNAs may affect adipocytokine signaling and forkhead box protein O signaling.

U2 - 10.1002/oby.21765

DO - 10.1002/oby.21765

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28158925

VL - 25

SP - 572

EP - 580

JO - Obesity

JF - Obesity

SN - 1930-7381

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 183825335