Mechanisms of action of a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein diet in reducing the risk of postprandial hypoglycemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

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Standard

Mechanisms of action of a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein diet in reducing the risk of postprandial hypoglycemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. / Kandel, Daniel; Bojsen-Møller, Kirstine Nyvold; Svane, Maria Saur; Samkani, Amirsalar; Astrup, Arne; Holst, Jens Juul; Madsbad, Sten; Krarup, Thure.

I: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Bind 110, Nr. 2, 2019, s. 296-304.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kandel, D, Bojsen-Møller, KN, Svane, MS, Samkani, A, Astrup, A, Holst, JJ, Madsbad, S & Krarup, T 2019, 'Mechanisms of action of a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein diet in reducing the risk of postprandial hypoglycemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, bind 110, nr. 2, s. 296-304. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy310

APA

Kandel, D., Bojsen-Møller, K. N., Svane, M. S., Samkani, A., Astrup, A., Holst, J. J., ... Krarup, T. (2019). Mechanisms of action of a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein diet in reducing the risk of postprandial hypoglycemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 110(2), 296-304. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy310

Vancouver

Kandel D, Bojsen-Møller KN, Svane MS, Samkani A, Astrup A, Holst JJ o.a. Mechanisms of action of a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein diet in reducing the risk of postprandial hypoglycemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2019;110(2):296-304. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy310

Author

Kandel, Daniel ; Bojsen-Møller, Kirstine Nyvold ; Svane, Maria Saur ; Samkani, Amirsalar ; Astrup, Arne ; Holst, Jens Juul ; Madsbad, Sten ; Krarup, Thure. / Mechanisms of action of a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein diet in reducing the risk of postprandial hypoglycemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. I: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2019 ; Bind 110, Nr. 2. s. 296-304.

Bibtex

@article{f8fef7f609b2446b970bcfb12e8c5a6b,
title = "Mechanisms of action of a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein diet in reducing the risk of postprandial hypoglycemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery",
abstract = "Background: Postprandial hypoglycemia is a risk after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).Objectives: We speculated that a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein (CRHP) diet might reduce the risk of hypoglycemia and therefore compared the acute effects of a conventionally recommended (CR) diet and CRHP diet [55/30 energy percent (E{\%}) carbohydrate and 15/30 E{\%} protein, respectively] in RYGB patients.Methods: Ten individuals (2 males, 8 females, mean ± SD age 47 ± 7 y; stable body mass index 31 ± 6 kg/m2; 6 ± 3 y post-RYGB) with recurrent postprandial hypoglycemia documented by plasma glucose (PG) ≤3.4 mmol/L were examined on 2 d with isoenergetic CRHP or CR diets comprising a breakfast and subsequent lunch meal.Results: Peak PG was significantly reduced on the CRHP diet after breakfast and lunch by 11{\%} and 31{\%} compared with the CR diet. Nadir PG increased significantly on CRHP (by 13{\%} and 9{\%}). Insulin secretion was reduced, and glucagon secretion increased on the CRHP diet after both meals. Glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide secretion were lower after lunch but unaltered after breakfast on CRHP; β-cell function and insulin clearance were unchanged.Conclusions: The CRHP diet lowered glucose excursions and reduced insulin secretion and incretin hormone responses, but enhanced glucagon responses compared with the CR diet. Taken together, the results may explain the decreased glucose variability and lower risk of postprandial hypoglycemia. This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02665715.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Low carbohydrate diet, Postprandial hypoglycemia, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, Obesity, Insulin secretion",
author = "Daniel Kandel and Bojsen-M{\o}ller, {Kirstine Nyvold} and Svane, {Maria Saur} and Amirsalar Samkani and Arne Astrup and Holst, {Jens Juul} and Sten Madsbad and Thure Krarup",
note = "CURIS 2019 NEXS 021",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1093/ajcn/nqy310",
language = "English",
volume = "110",
pages = "296--304",
journal = "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0002-9165",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanisms of action of a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein diet in reducing the risk of postprandial hypoglycemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

AU - Kandel, Daniel

AU - Bojsen-Møller, Kirstine Nyvold

AU - Svane, Maria Saur

AU - Samkani, Amirsalar

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

AU - Madsbad, Sten

AU - Krarup, Thure

N1 - CURIS 2019 NEXS 021

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Postprandial hypoglycemia is a risk after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).Objectives: We speculated that a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein (CRHP) diet might reduce the risk of hypoglycemia and therefore compared the acute effects of a conventionally recommended (CR) diet and CRHP diet [55/30 energy percent (E%) carbohydrate and 15/30 E% protein, respectively] in RYGB patients.Methods: Ten individuals (2 males, 8 females, mean ± SD age 47 ± 7 y; stable body mass index 31 ± 6 kg/m2; 6 ± 3 y post-RYGB) with recurrent postprandial hypoglycemia documented by plasma glucose (PG) ≤3.4 mmol/L were examined on 2 d with isoenergetic CRHP or CR diets comprising a breakfast and subsequent lunch meal.Results: Peak PG was significantly reduced on the CRHP diet after breakfast and lunch by 11% and 31% compared with the CR diet. Nadir PG increased significantly on CRHP (by 13% and 9%). Insulin secretion was reduced, and glucagon secretion increased on the CRHP diet after both meals. Glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide secretion were lower after lunch but unaltered after breakfast on CRHP; β-cell function and insulin clearance were unchanged.Conclusions: The CRHP diet lowered glucose excursions and reduced insulin secretion and incretin hormone responses, but enhanced glucagon responses compared with the CR diet. Taken together, the results may explain the decreased glucose variability and lower risk of postprandial hypoglycemia. This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02665715.

AB - Background: Postprandial hypoglycemia is a risk after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).Objectives: We speculated that a carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein (CRHP) diet might reduce the risk of hypoglycemia and therefore compared the acute effects of a conventionally recommended (CR) diet and CRHP diet [55/30 energy percent (E%) carbohydrate and 15/30 E% protein, respectively] in RYGB patients.Methods: Ten individuals (2 males, 8 females, mean ± SD age 47 ± 7 y; stable body mass index 31 ± 6 kg/m2; 6 ± 3 y post-RYGB) with recurrent postprandial hypoglycemia documented by plasma glucose (PG) ≤3.4 mmol/L were examined on 2 d with isoenergetic CRHP or CR diets comprising a breakfast and subsequent lunch meal.Results: Peak PG was significantly reduced on the CRHP diet after breakfast and lunch by 11% and 31% compared with the CR diet. Nadir PG increased significantly on CRHP (by 13% and 9%). Insulin secretion was reduced, and glucagon secretion increased on the CRHP diet after both meals. Glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide secretion were lower after lunch but unaltered after breakfast on CRHP; β-cell function and insulin clearance were unchanged.Conclusions: The CRHP diet lowered glucose excursions and reduced insulin secretion and incretin hormone responses, but enhanced glucagon responses compared with the CR diet. Taken together, the results may explain the decreased glucose variability and lower risk of postprandial hypoglycemia. This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02665715.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Low carbohydrate diet

KW - Postprandial hypoglycemia

KW - Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

KW - Obesity

KW - Insulin secretion

U2 - 10.1093/ajcn/nqy310

DO - 10.1093/ajcn/nqy310

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30624666

VL - 110

SP - 296

EP - 304

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 211855566