Lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the Institute of Medicine is common among women with type 2 diabetes in early pregnancy in Denmark

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Lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the Institute of Medicine is common among women with type 2 diabetes in early pregnancy in Denmark. / Ásbjörnsdóttir, Björg; Ronneby, Helle; Vestgaard, Marianne; Ringholm, Lene; Nichum, Vibeke Ladefoged; Jensen, Dorte M; Raben, Anne; Damm, Peter; Mathiesen, Elisabeth R.

I: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Bind 152, 2019, s. 88-95.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Ásbjörnsdóttir, B, Ronneby, H, Vestgaard, M, Ringholm, L, Nichum, VL, Jensen, DM, Raben, A, Damm, P & Mathiesen, ER 2019, 'Lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the Institute of Medicine is common among women with type 2 diabetes in early pregnancy in Denmark', Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, bind 152, s. 88-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.05.012

APA

Ásbjörnsdóttir, B., Ronneby, H., Vestgaard, M., Ringholm, L., Nichum, V. L., Jensen, D. M., ... Mathiesen, E. R. (2019). Lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the Institute of Medicine is common among women with type 2 diabetes in early pregnancy in Denmark. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 152, 88-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.05.012

Vancouver

Ásbjörnsdóttir B, Ronneby H, Vestgaard M, Ringholm L, Nichum VL, Jensen DM o.a. Lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the Institute of Medicine is common among women with type 2 diabetes in early pregnancy in Denmark. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 2019;152:88-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.05.012

Author

Ásbjörnsdóttir, Björg ; Ronneby, Helle ; Vestgaard, Marianne ; Ringholm, Lene ; Nichum, Vibeke Ladefoged ; Jensen, Dorte M ; Raben, Anne ; Damm, Peter ; Mathiesen, Elisabeth R. / Lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the Institute of Medicine is common among women with type 2 diabetes in early pregnancy in Denmark. I: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 2019 ; Bind 152. s. 88-95.

Bibtex

@article{aaaec4cbe9214f0e9caae11c8f70efbc,
title = "Lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the Institute of Medicine is common among women with type 2 diabetes in early pregnancy in Denmark",
abstract = "Aims: To secure adequate carbohydrate supply in pregnancy, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends a minimum amount of carbohydrates of 175 g daily. Currently a low carbohydrate diet is a popular health trend in the general population and this might also be common among overweight and obese pregnant women with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Thus, we explored carbohydrate consumption among pregnant women with T2D including women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) for comparison.Methods: A retrospective cohort study of consecutive women with T2D (N=96) and T1D (N=108), where dietary records were collected at the first antenatal visit.Results: Among women with T2D and T1D, bodyweight at the first visit was 90.8±22 (mean±SD) and 75.5±15 kg (P<0.001) while HbA1c was 6.6±1.2{\%} (49±13 mmol/mol) and 6.6±0.8{\%} (48±8 mmol/mol), P=0.8, respectively. The average daily carbohydrate consumption from the major carbohydrate sources was similar in the two groups (159±56 and 167±48 g, P=0.3), as was the level of total daily physical activity (median (interquartile range)): 215 (174-289) and 210 (178-267) metabolic equivalent of task-hour/week (P=0.9). A high proportion of women with T2D and T1D (52{\%} and 40{\%}, P=0.08) consumed fewer carbohydrates than recommended by the IOM. The prevalence of ketonuria (≥4 mmol/L) was 1{\%} in both groups.Conclusions: In early pregnancy, a lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the IOM was common among women with T2D. The results were quite similar to women with T1D, despite a markedly higher bodyweight in women with T2D. Reassuringly, ketonuria was rare in both groups.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Carbohydrate, Pregnancy, Type 2 diabetes, Type 1 diabetes",
author = "Bj{\"o}rg {\'A}sbj{\"o}rnsd{\'o}ttir and Helle Ronneby and Marianne Vestgaard and Lene Ringholm and Nichum, {Vibeke Ladefoged} and Jensen, {Dorte M} and Anne Raben and Peter Damm and Mathiesen, {Elisabeth R}",
note = "CURIS 2019 NEXS 190 Copyright {\circledC} 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.diabres.2019.05.012",
language = "English",
volume = "152",
pages = "88--95",
journal = "Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice",
issn = "0168-8227",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the Institute of Medicine is common among women with type 2 diabetes in early pregnancy in Denmark

AU - Ásbjörnsdóttir, Björg

AU - Ronneby, Helle

AU - Vestgaard, Marianne

AU - Ringholm, Lene

AU - Nichum, Vibeke Ladefoged

AU - Jensen, Dorte M

AU - Raben, Anne

AU - Damm, Peter

AU - Mathiesen, Elisabeth R

N1 - CURIS 2019 NEXS 190 Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Aims: To secure adequate carbohydrate supply in pregnancy, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends a minimum amount of carbohydrates of 175 g daily. Currently a low carbohydrate diet is a popular health trend in the general population and this might also be common among overweight and obese pregnant women with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Thus, we explored carbohydrate consumption among pregnant women with T2D including women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) for comparison.Methods: A retrospective cohort study of consecutive women with T2D (N=96) and T1D (N=108), where dietary records were collected at the first antenatal visit.Results: Among women with T2D and T1D, bodyweight at the first visit was 90.8±22 (mean±SD) and 75.5±15 kg (P<0.001) while HbA1c was 6.6±1.2% (49±13 mmol/mol) and 6.6±0.8% (48±8 mmol/mol), P=0.8, respectively. The average daily carbohydrate consumption from the major carbohydrate sources was similar in the two groups (159±56 and 167±48 g, P=0.3), as was the level of total daily physical activity (median (interquartile range)): 215 (174-289) and 210 (178-267) metabolic equivalent of task-hour/week (P=0.9). A high proportion of women with T2D and T1D (52% and 40%, P=0.08) consumed fewer carbohydrates than recommended by the IOM. The prevalence of ketonuria (≥4 mmol/L) was 1% in both groups.Conclusions: In early pregnancy, a lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the IOM was common among women with T2D. The results were quite similar to women with T1D, despite a markedly higher bodyweight in women with T2D. Reassuringly, ketonuria was rare in both groups.

AB - Aims: To secure adequate carbohydrate supply in pregnancy, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends a minimum amount of carbohydrates of 175 g daily. Currently a low carbohydrate diet is a popular health trend in the general population and this might also be common among overweight and obese pregnant women with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Thus, we explored carbohydrate consumption among pregnant women with T2D including women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) for comparison.Methods: A retrospective cohort study of consecutive women with T2D (N=96) and T1D (N=108), where dietary records were collected at the first antenatal visit.Results: Among women with T2D and T1D, bodyweight at the first visit was 90.8±22 (mean±SD) and 75.5±15 kg (P<0.001) while HbA1c was 6.6±1.2% (49±13 mmol/mol) and 6.6±0.8% (48±8 mmol/mol), P=0.8, respectively. The average daily carbohydrate consumption from the major carbohydrate sources was similar in the two groups (159±56 and 167±48 g, P=0.3), as was the level of total daily physical activity (median (interquartile range)): 215 (174-289) and 210 (178-267) metabolic equivalent of task-hour/week (P=0.9). A high proportion of women with T2D and T1D (52% and 40%, P=0.08) consumed fewer carbohydrates than recommended by the IOM. The prevalence of ketonuria (≥4 mmol/L) was 1% in both groups.Conclusions: In early pregnancy, a lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the IOM was common among women with T2D. The results were quite similar to women with T1D, despite a markedly higher bodyweight in women with T2D. Reassuringly, ketonuria was rare in both groups.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Carbohydrate

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Type 2 diabetes

KW - Type 1 diabetes

U2 - 10.1016/j.diabres.2019.05.012

DO - 10.1016/j.diabres.2019.05.012

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31121274

VL - 152

SP - 88

EP - 95

JO - Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

JF - Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

SN - 0168-8227

ER -

ID: 218519742