High compared with moderate protein intake reduces adaptive thermogenesis and induces a negative energy balance during long-term weight-loss maintenance in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state: A PREVIEW study

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High compared with moderate protein intake reduces adaptive thermogenesis and induces a negative energy balance during long-term weight-loss maintenance in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state : A PREVIEW study. / Drummen, Mathijs; Tischmann, Lea; Gatta-Cherifi, Blandine; Fogelholm, Mikael; Raben, Anne; Adam, Tanja C; Westerterp-Plantenga, Margriet S.

I: Journal of Nutrition, Bind 150, Nr. 3, 2020, s. 458-463.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Drummen, M, Tischmann, L, Gatta-Cherifi, B, Fogelholm, M, Raben, A, Adam, TC & Westerterp-Plantenga, MS 2020, 'High compared with moderate protein intake reduces adaptive thermogenesis and induces a negative energy balance during long-term weight-loss maintenance in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state: A PREVIEW study', Journal of Nutrition, bind 150, nr. 3, s. 458-463. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz281

APA

Drummen, M., Tischmann, L., Gatta-Cherifi, B., Fogelholm, M., Raben, A., Adam, T. C., & Westerterp-Plantenga, M. S. (2020). High compared with moderate protein intake reduces adaptive thermogenesis and induces a negative energy balance during long-term weight-loss maintenance in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state: A PREVIEW study. Journal of Nutrition, 150(3), 458-463. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz281

Vancouver

Drummen M, Tischmann L, Gatta-Cherifi B, Fogelholm M, Raben A, Adam TC o.a. High compared with moderate protein intake reduces adaptive thermogenesis and induces a negative energy balance during long-term weight-loss maintenance in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state: A PREVIEW study. Journal of Nutrition. 2020;150(3):458-463. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz281

Author

Drummen, Mathijs ; Tischmann, Lea ; Gatta-Cherifi, Blandine ; Fogelholm, Mikael ; Raben, Anne ; Adam, Tanja C ; Westerterp-Plantenga, Margriet S. / High compared with moderate protein intake reduces adaptive thermogenesis and induces a negative energy balance during long-term weight-loss maintenance in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state : A PREVIEW study. I: Journal of Nutrition. 2020 ; Bind 150, Nr. 3. s. 458-463.

Bibtex

@article{4a259f1f9e284595b323c3f47159a9c8,
title = "High compared with moderate protein intake reduces adaptive thermogenesis and induces a negative energy balance during long-term weight-loss maintenance in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state: A PREVIEW study",
abstract = "Background: Weight loss has been associated with adaptations in energy expenditure. Identifying factors that counteract these adaptations are important for long-term weight loss and weight maintenance.Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether increased protein/carbohydrate ratio would reduce adaptive thermogenesis (AT) and the expected positive energy balance (EB) during weight maintenance after weight loss in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state.Methods: In 38 participants, the effects of 2 diets differing in protein/carbohydrate ratio on energy expenditure and respiratory quotient (RQ) were assessed during 48-h respiration chamber measurements ∼34 mo after weight loss. Participants consumed a high-protein (HP) diet (n = 20; 13 women/7 men; age: 64.0 ± 6.2 y; BMI: 28.9 ± 4.0 kg/m 2) with 25:45:30{\%} or a moderate-protein (MP) diet (n = 18; 9 women/9 men; age: 65.1 ± 5.8 y; BMI: 29.0 ± 3.8 kg/m 2) with 15:55:30{\%} of energy from protein:carbohydrate:fat. Predicted resting energy expenditure (REEp) was calculated based on fat-free mass and fat mass. AT was assessed by subtracting measured resting energy expenditure (REE) from REEp. The main outcomes included differences in components of energy expenditure, substrate oxidation, and AT between groups.Results: EB (MP = 0.2 ± 0.9 MJ/d; HP = -0.5 ± 0.9 MJ/d) and RQ (MP = 0.84 ± 0.02; HP = 0.82 ± 0.02) were reduced and REE (MP: 7.3 ± 0.2 MJ/d compared with HP: 7.8 ± 0.2 MJ/d) was increased in the HP group compared with the MP group (P < 0.05). REE was not different from REEp in the HP group, whereas REE was lower than REEp in the MP group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, EB was positively related to AT (rs = 0.74; P < 0.001) and RQ (rs = 0.47; P < 0.01) in the whole group of participants.Conclusions: In conclusion, an HP diet compared with an MP diet led to a negative EB and counteracted AT ∼34 mo after weight loss, in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state. These results indicate the relevance of compliance to an increased protein/carbohydrate ratio for long-term weight maintenance after weight loss. The trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01777893.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Protein, Energy expenditure, Adaptive thermogenesis, Energy balance, Weight loss, Weight",
author = "Mathijs Drummen and Lea Tischmann and Blandine Gatta-Cherifi and Mikael Fogelholm and Anne Raben and Adam, {Tanja C} and Westerterp-Plantenga, {Margriet S}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} The Author(s) 2019.",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1093/jn/nxz281",
language = "English",
volume = "150",
pages = "458--463",
journal = "Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0022-3166",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - High compared with moderate protein intake reduces adaptive thermogenesis and induces a negative energy balance during long-term weight-loss maintenance in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state

T2 - A PREVIEW study

AU - Drummen, Mathijs

AU - Tischmann, Lea

AU - Gatta-Cherifi, Blandine

AU - Fogelholm, Mikael

AU - Raben, Anne

AU - Adam, Tanja C

AU - Westerterp-Plantenga, Margriet S

N1 - Copyright © The Author(s) 2019.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Background: Weight loss has been associated with adaptations in energy expenditure. Identifying factors that counteract these adaptations are important for long-term weight loss and weight maintenance.Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether increased protein/carbohydrate ratio would reduce adaptive thermogenesis (AT) and the expected positive energy balance (EB) during weight maintenance after weight loss in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state.Methods: In 38 participants, the effects of 2 diets differing in protein/carbohydrate ratio on energy expenditure and respiratory quotient (RQ) were assessed during 48-h respiration chamber measurements ∼34 mo after weight loss. Participants consumed a high-protein (HP) diet (n = 20; 13 women/7 men; age: 64.0 ± 6.2 y; BMI: 28.9 ± 4.0 kg/m 2) with 25:45:30% or a moderate-protein (MP) diet (n = 18; 9 women/9 men; age: 65.1 ± 5.8 y; BMI: 29.0 ± 3.8 kg/m 2) with 15:55:30% of energy from protein:carbohydrate:fat. Predicted resting energy expenditure (REEp) was calculated based on fat-free mass and fat mass. AT was assessed by subtracting measured resting energy expenditure (REE) from REEp. The main outcomes included differences in components of energy expenditure, substrate oxidation, and AT between groups.Results: EB (MP = 0.2 ± 0.9 MJ/d; HP = -0.5 ± 0.9 MJ/d) and RQ (MP = 0.84 ± 0.02; HP = 0.82 ± 0.02) were reduced and REE (MP: 7.3 ± 0.2 MJ/d compared with HP: 7.8 ± 0.2 MJ/d) was increased in the HP group compared with the MP group (P < 0.05). REE was not different from REEp in the HP group, whereas REE was lower than REEp in the MP group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, EB was positively related to AT (rs = 0.74; P < 0.001) and RQ (rs = 0.47; P < 0.01) in the whole group of participants.Conclusions: In conclusion, an HP diet compared with an MP diet led to a negative EB and counteracted AT ∼34 mo after weight loss, in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state. These results indicate the relevance of compliance to an increased protein/carbohydrate ratio for long-term weight maintenance after weight loss. The trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01777893.

AB - Background: Weight loss has been associated with adaptations in energy expenditure. Identifying factors that counteract these adaptations are important for long-term weight loss and weight maintenance.Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether increased protein/carbohydrate ratio would reduce adaptive thermogenesis (AT) and the expected positive energy balance (EB) during weight maintenance after weight loss in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state.Methods: In 38 participants, the effects of 2 diets differing in protein/carbohydrate ratio on energy expenditure and respiratory quotient (RQ) were assessed during 48-h respiration chamber measurements ∼34 mo after weight loss. Participants consumed a high-protein (HP) diet (n = 20; 13 women/7 men; age: 64.0 ± 6.2 y; BMI: 28.9 ± 4.0 kg/m 2) with 25:45:30% or a moderate-protein (MP) diet (n = 18; 9 women/9 men; age: 65.1 ± 5.8 y; BMI: 29.0 ± 3.8 kg/m 2) with 15:55:30% of energy from protein:carbohydrate:fat. Predicted resting energy expenditure (REEp) was calculated based on fat-free mass and fat mass. AT was assessed by subtracting measured resting energy expenditure (REE) from REEp. The main outcomes included differences in components of energy expenditure, substrate oxidation, and AT between groups.Results: EB (MP = 0.2 ± 0.9 MJ/d; HP = -0.5 ± 0.9 MJ/d) and RQ (MP = 0.84 ± 0.02; HP = 0.82 ± 0.02) were reduced and REE (MP: 7.3 ± 0.2 MJ/d compared with HP: 7.8 ± 0.2 MJ/d) was increased in the HP group compared with the MP group (P < 0.05). REE was not different from REEp in the HP group, whereas REE was lower than REEp in the MP group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, EB was positively related to AT (rs = 0.74; P < 0.001) and RQ (rs = 0.47; P < 0.01) in the whole group of participants.Conclusions: In conclusion, an HP diet compared with an MP diet led to a negative EB and counteracted AT ∼34 mo after weight loss, in participants with prediabetes in the postobese state. These results indicate the relevance of compliance to an increased protein/carbohydrate ratio for long-term weight maintenance after weight loss. The trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01777893.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Protein

KW - Energy expenditure

KW - Adaptive thermogenesis

KW - Energy balance

KW - Weight loss

KW - Weight

U2 - 10.1093/jn/nxz281

DO - 10.1093/jn/nxz281

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31754687

VL - 150

SP - 458

EP - 463

JO - Journal of Nutrition

JF - Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0022-3166

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 230692916