Effect of high milk and sugar-sweetened and non-caloric soft drink intake on insulin sensitivity after 6 months in overweight and obese adults: a randomized controlled trial

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Effect of high milk and sugar-sweetened and non-caloric soft drink intake on insulin sensitivity after 6 months in overweight and obese adults : a randomized controlled trial. / Engel, Sara; Tholstrup, Tine; Bruun, Jens Meldgaard; Astrup, Arne; Richelsen, Bjørn; Raben, Anne.

I: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Bind 72, 2018, s. 358-366.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Engel, S, Tholstrup, T, Bruun, JM, Astrup, A, Richelsen, B & Raben, A 2018, 'Effect of high milk and sugar-sweetened and non-caloric soft drink intake on insulin sensitivity after 6 months in overweight and obese adults: a randomized controlled trial', European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, bind 72, s. 358-366. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-017-0006-9, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0531-9

APA

Engel, S., Tholstrup, T., Bruun, J. M., Astrup, A., Richelsen, B., & Raben, A. (2018). Effect of high milk and sugar-sweetened and non-caloric soft drink intake on insulin sensitivity after 6 months in overweight and obese adults: a randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72, 358-366. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-017-0006-9, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0531-9

Vancouver

Engel S, Tholstrup T, Bruun JM, Astrup A, Richelsen B, Raben A. Effect of high milk and sugar-sweetened and non-caloric soft drink intake on insulin sensitivity after 6 months in overweight and obese adults: a randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2018;72:358-366. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-017-0006-9, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0531-9

Author

Engel, Sara ; Tholstrup, Tine ; Bruun, Jens Meldgaard ; Astrup, Arne ; Richelsen, Bjørn ; Raben, Anne. / Effect of high milk and sugar-sweetened and non-caloric soft drink intake on insulin sensitivity after 6 months in overweight and obese adults : a randomized controlled trial. I: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2018 ; Bind 72. s. 358-366.

Bibtex

@article{1cbe8f1a27124038a4ab6c52ddc6b6a0,
title = "Effect of high milk and sugar-sweetened and non-caloric soft drink intake on insulin sensitivity after 6 months in overweight and obese adults: a randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "Background/objectivesMilk contributes with saturated fat, but randomized controlled trials (RCT) on the effects of dairy on the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) where dairy is given as whole foods are scarce. The objective of our study was to investigate the long-term effects of semi-skimmed milk on insulin sensitivity and further to compare milk with sugar-sweetened soft drinks (SSSD).Subjects/methodsA secondary analysis of a 6-month RCT with 60 overweight and obese subjects randomly assigned to 1 L/d of either milk (1.5 g fat/100 mL), SSSD, non-calorie soft drink (NCSD), or water was conducted. Insulin sensitivity was evaluated by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and plasma free fatty acids. Second, fasting blood lipids, blood pressure, and concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were assessed.ResultsThere were no differences between milk, SSSD, NCSD, and water on insulin sensitivity assessed by OGTT (Matsuda Index, fasting, and area under the curve glucose, insulin and homeostasis model assessment values). SSSD increased total cholesterol compared to NCSD (P = 0.007), and triacylglycerol compared to NCSD and water (P = 0.045 and 0.045, respectively). None of the other parameters differed significantly between the groups.ConclusionsIn conclusion, there were no differences in effect between intake of milk, SSSD, NCSD, and water (1 L/d) for 6-month on risk markers of T2D in overweight and obese adults. As a secondary analysis, these results need confirmation in future studies.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Atherosclerosis, Pre-diabetes",
author = "Sara Engel and Tine Tholstrup and Bruun, {Jens Meldgaard} and Arne Astrup and Bj{\o}rn Richelsen and Anne Raben",
note = "CURIS 2018 NEXS 101",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1038/s41430-017-0006-9",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "358--366",
journal = "European Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0954-3007",
publisher = "nature publishing group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of high milk and sugar-sweetened and non-caloric soft drink intake on insulin sensitivity after 6 months in overweight and obese adults

T2 - a randomized controlled trial

AU - Engel, Sara

AU - Tholstrup, Tine

AU - Bruun, Jens Meldgaard

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Richelsen, Bjørn

AU - Raben, Anne

N1 - CURIS 2018 NEXS 101

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background/objectivesMilk contributes with saturated fat, but randomized controlled trials (RCT) on the effects of dairy on the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) where dairy is given as whole foods are scarce. The objective of our study was to investigate the long-term effects of semi-skimmed milk on insulin sensitivity and further to compare milk with sugar-sweetened soft drinks (SSSD).Subjects/methodsA secondary analysis of a 6-month RCT with 60 overweight and obese subjects randomly assigned to 1 L/d of either milk (1.5 g fat/100 mL), SSSD, non-calorie soft drink (NCSD), or water was conducted. Insulin sensitivity was evaluated by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and plasma free fatty acids. Second, fasting blood lipids, blood pressure, and concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were assessed.ResultsThere were no differences between milk, SSSD, NCSD, and water on insulin sensitivity assessed by OGTT (Matsuda Index, fasting, and area under the curve glucose, insulin and homeostasis model assessment values). SSSD increased total cholesterol compared to NCSD (P = 0.007), and triacylglycerol compared to NCSD and water (P = 0.045 and 0.045, respectively). None of the other parameters differed significantly between the groups.ConclusionsIn conclusion, there were no differences in effect between intake of milk, SSSD, NCSD, and water (1 L/d) for 6-month on risk markers of T2D in overweight and obese adults. As a secondary analysis, these results need confirmation in future studies.

AB - Background/objectivesMilk contributes with saturated fat, but randomized controlled trials (RCT) on the effects of dairy on the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) where dairy is given as whole foods are scarce. The objective of our study was to investigate the long-term effects of semi-skimmed milk on insulin sensitivity and further to compare milk with sugar-sweetened soft drinks (SSSD).Subjects/methodsA secondary analysis of a 6-month RCT with 60 overweight and obese subjects randomly assigned to 1 L/d of either milk (1.5 g fat/100 mL), SSSD, non-calorie soft drink (NCSD), or water was conducted. Insulin sensitivity was evaluated by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and plasma free fatty acids. Second, fasting blood lipids, blood pressure, and concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were assessed.ResultsThere were no differences between milk, SSSD, NCSD, and water on insulin sensitivity assessed by OGTT (Matsuda Index, fasting, and area under the curve glucose, insulin and homeostasis model assessment values). SSSD increased total cholesterol compared to NCSD (P = 0.007), and triacylglycerol compared to NCSD and water (P = 0.045 and 0.045, respectively). None of the other parameters differed significantly between the groups.ConclusionsIn conclusion, there were no differences in effect between intake of milk, SSSD, NCSD, and water (1 L/d) for 6-month on risk markers of T2D in overweight and obese adults. As a secondary analysis, these results need confirmation in future studies.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Atherosclerosis

KW - Pre-diabetes

U2 - 10.1038/s41430-017-0006-9

DO - 10.1038/s41430-017-0006-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29235560

VL - 72

SP - 358

EP - 366

JO - European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0954-3007

ER -

ID: 185839571