Diet and exercise in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Diet and exercise in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. / Magkos, Faidon; Hjorth, Mads Fiil; Astrup, Arne.

I: Nature Reviews Endocrinology, Bind 16, Nr. 10, 2020, s. 545-555.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Magkos, F, Hjorth, MF & Astrup, A 2020, 'Diet and exercise in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus', Nature Reviews Endocrinology, bind 16, nr. 10, s. 545-555. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41574-020-0381-5

APA

Magkos, F., Hjorth, M. F., & Astrup, A. (2020). Diet and exercise in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 16(10), 545-555. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41574-020-0381-5

Vancouver

Magkos F, Hjorth MF, Astrup A. Diet and exercise in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 2020;16(10):545-555. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41574-020-0381-5

Author

Magkos, Faidon ; Hjorth, Mads Fiil ; Astrup, Arne. / Diet and exercise in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. I: Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 2020 ; Bind 16, Nr. 10. s. 545-555.

Bibtex

@article{cc15f4896a954a8185ce8b9db21659a6,
title = "Diet and exercise in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus",
abstract = "Evidence from observational studies and randomized trials suggests that prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can develop in genetically susceptible individuals in parallel with weight (that is, fat) gain. Accordingly, studies show that weight loss can produce remission of T2DM in a dose-dependent manner. A weight loss of ~15 kg, achieved by calorie restriction as part of an intensive management programme, can lead to remission of T2DM in ~80{\%} of patients with obesity and T2DM. However, long-term weight loss maintenance is challenging. Obesity and T2DM are associated with diminished glucose uptake in the brain that impairs the satiating effect of dietary carbohydrate; therefore, carbohydrate restriction might help maintain weight loss and maximize metabolic benefits. Likewise, increases in physical activity and fitness are an important contributor to T2DM remission when combined with calorie restriction and weight loss. Preliminary studies suggest that a precision dietary management approach that uses pretreatment glycaemic status to stratify patients can help optimize dietary recommendations with respect to carbohydrate, fat and dietary fibre. This approach might lead to improved weight loss maintenance and glycaemic control. Future research should focus on better understanding the individual response to dietary treatment and translating these findings into clinical practice.",
author = "Faidon Magkos and Hjorth, {Mads Fiil} and Arne Astrup",
note = "CURIS 2020 NEXS 220",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1038/s41574-020-0381-5",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "545--555",
journal = "Nature reviews. Endocrinology",
issn = "1759-5029",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diet and exercise in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus

AU - Magkos, Faidon

AU - Hjorth, Mads Fiil

AU - Astrup, Arne

N1 - CURIS 2020 NEXS 220

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Evidence from observational studies and randomized trials suggests that prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can develop in genetically susceptible individuals in parallel with weight (that is, fat) gain. Accordingly, studies show that weight loss can produce remission of T2DM in a dose-dependent manner. A weight loss of ~15 kg, achieved by calorie restriction as part of an intensive management programme, can lead to remission of T2DM in ~80% of patients with obesity and T2DM. However, long-term weight loss maintenance is challenging. Obesity and T2DM are associated with diminished glucose uptake in the brain that impairs the satiating effect of dietary carbohydrate; therefore, carbohydrate restriction might help maintain weight loss and maximize metabolic benefits. Likewise, increases in physical activity and fitness are an important contributor to T2DM remission when combined with calorie restriction and weight loss. Preliminary studies suggest that a precision dietary management approach that uses pretreatment glycaemic status to stratify patients can help optimize dietary recommendations with respect to carbohydrate, fat and dietary fibre. This approach might lead to improved weight loss maintenance and glycaemic control. Future research should focus on better understanding the individual response to dietary treatment and translating these findings into clinical practice.

AB - Evidence from observational studies and randomized trials suggests that prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can develop in genetically susceptible individuals in parallel with weight (that is, fat) gain. Accordingly, studies show that weight loss can produce remission of T2DM in a dose-dependent manner. A weight loss of ~15 kg, achieved by calorie restriction as part of an intensive management programme, can lead to remission of T2DM in ~80% of patients with obesity and T2DM. However, long-term weight loss maintenance is challenging. Obesity and T2DM are associated with diminished glucose uptake in the brain that impairs the satiating effect of dietary carbohydrate; therefore, carbohydrate restriction might help maintain weight loss and maximize metabolic benefits. Likewise, increases in physical activity and fitness are an important contributor to T2DM remission when combined with calorie restriction and weight loss. Preliminary studies suggest that a precision dietary management approach that uses pretreatment glycaemic status to stratify patients can help optimize dietary recommendations with respect to carbohydrate, fat and dietary fibre. This approach might lead to improved weight loss maintenance and glycaemic control. Future research should focus on better understanding the individual response to dietary treatment and translating these findings into clinical practice.

U2 - 10.1038/s41574-020-0381-5

DO - 10.1038/s41574-020-0381-5

M3 - Review

C2 - 32690918

VL - 16

SP - 545

EP - 555

JO - Nature reviews. Endocrinology

JF - Nature reviews. Endocrinology

SN - 1759-5029

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 245231369