Artificial trans fat in popular foods in 2012 and in 2014: a market basket investigation in six European countries

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Artificial trans fat in popular foods in 2012 and in 2014 : a market basket investigation in six European countries. / Stender, Steen; Astrup, Arne; Dyerberg, Jørn.

I: B M J Open, Bind 6, Nr. 3, e010673, 2016.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Stender, S, Astrup, A & Dyerberg, J 2016, 'Artificial trans fat in popular foods in 2012 and in 2014: a market basket investigation in six European countries', B M J Open, bind 6, nr. 3, e010673. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010673

APA

Stender, S., Astrup, A., & Dyerberg, J. (2016). Artificial trans fat in popular foods in 2012 and in 2014: a market basket investigation in six European countries. B M J Open, 6(3), [e010673]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010673

Vancouver

Stender S, Astrup A, Dyerberg J. Artificial trans fat in popular foods in 2012 and in 2014: a market basket investigation in six European countries. B M J Open. 2016;6(3). e010673. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010673

Author

Stender, Steen ; Astrup, Arne ; Dyerberg, Jørn. / Artificial trans fat in popular foods in 2012 and in 2014 : a market basket investigation in six European countries. I: B M J Open. 2016 ; Bind 6, Nr. 3.

Bibtex

@article{5ccbd0bf268849b3bad1143a3317bf25,
title = "Artificial trans fat in popular foods in 2012 and in 2014: a market basket investigation in six European countries",
abstract = "Objective: To minimise the intake of industrially produced trans fat (I-TF) and thereby decrease the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), nearly all European countries rely on food producers to voluntarily reduce the I-TF content in food. The objective of this study was to monitor the change in presence of I-TF in biscuits/cakes/wafers in six countries in South-eastern Europe from 2012 to 2014, including two members of the European Union (Slovenia and Croatia).Design: Three large supermarkets were visited in each of the six capitals in 2012. Pre-packaged biscuits/cakes/wafers were bought if the products contained more than 15 g of total fat per 100 g of product and if partially hydrogenated oil or a similar term was disclosed at the beginning of the ingredients list. These same supermarkets were revisited in 2014 and the same collection procedure was followed. All foods were subsequently analysed for total fat and trans fat in the same laboratory.Results: The number of packages bought in the six countries taken together was 266 in 2012 and 643 in 2014. Some were identical, and therefore only 226 were analysed in 2012 and 434 in 2014. Packages with less than 2{\%} of fat from I-TF went up from 69 to 235, while products with more than 2{\%} (illegal in Denmark) doubled from an average of 33 to an average of 68 products for the six countries, with considerable variation across countries. The per cent of I-TF in total fat decreased slightly, from a mean (SD) of 22 (13) in 2012 to 18 (9) in 2014.Conclusions: The findings suggest that voluntary reduction of I-TF in foods with high amounts is an ineffective strategy in several European countries. Alternative strategies both within and outside the European Union are necessary to protect all subgroups of the populations against an increased risk of CHD.",
author = "Steen Stender and Arne Astrup and J{\o}rn Dyerberg",
note = "CURIS 2016 NEXS 084",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010673",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "B M J Open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Artificial trans fat in popular foods in 2012 and in 2014

T2 - a market basket investigation in six European countries

AU - Stender, Steen

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Dyerberg, Jørn

N1 - CURIS 2016 NEXS 084

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Objective: To minimise the intake of industrially produced trans fat (I-TF) and thereby decrease the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), nearly all European countries rely on food producers to voluntarily reduce the I-TF content in food. The objective of this study was to monitor the change in presence of I-TF in biscuits/cakes/wafers in six countries in South-eastern Europe from 2012 to 2014, including two members of the European Union (Slovenia and Croatia).Design: Three large supermarkets were visited in each of the six capitals in 2012. Pre-packaged biscuits/cakes/wafers were bought if the products contained more than 15 g of total fat per 100 g of product and if partially hydrogenated oil or a similar term was disclosed at the beginning of the ingredients list. These same supermarkets were revisited in 2014 and the same collection procedure was followed. All foods were subsequently analysed for total fat and trans fat in the same laboratory.Results: The number of packages bought in the six countries taken together was 266 in 2012 and 643 in 2014. Some were identical, and therefore only 226 were analysed in 2012 and 434 in 2014. Packages with less than 2% of fat from I-TF went up from 69 to 235, while products with more than 2% (illegal in Denmark) doubled from an average of 33 to an average of 68 products for the six countries, with considerable variation across countries. The per cent of I-TF in total fat decreased slightly, from a mean (SD) of 22 (13) in 2012 to 18 (9) in 2014.Conclusions: The findings suggest that voluntary reduction of I-TF in foods with high amounts is an ineffective strategy in several European countries. Alternative strategies both within and outside the European Union are necessary to protect all subgroups of the populations against an increased risk of CHD.

AB - Objective: To minimise the intake of industrially produced trans fat (I-TF) and thereby decrease the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), nearly all European countries rely on food producers to voluntarily reduce the I-TF content in food. The objective of this study was to monitor the change in presence of I-TF in biscuits/cakes/wafers in six countries in South-eastern Europe from 2012 to 2014, including two members of the European Union (Slovenia and Croatia).Design: Three large supermarkets were visited in each of the six capitals in 2012. Pre-packaged biscuits/cakes/wafers were bought if the products contained more than 15 g of total fat per 100 g of product and if partially hydrogenated oil or a similar term was disclosed at the beginning of the ingredients list. These same supermarkets were revisited in 2014 and the same collection procedure was followed. All foods were subsequently analysed for total fat and trans fat in the same laboratory.Results: The number of packages bought in the six countries taken together was 266 in 2012 and 643 in 2014. Some were identical, and therefore only 226 were analysed in 2012 and 434 in 2014. Packages with less than 2% of fat from I-TF went up from 69 to 235, while products with more than 2% (illegal in Denmark) doubled from an average of 33 to an average of 68 products for the six countries, with considerable variation across countries. The per cent of I-TF in total fat decreased slightly, from a mean (SD) of 22 (13) in 2012 to 18 (9) in 2014.Conclusions: The findings suggest that voluntary reduction of I-TF in foods with high amounts is an ineffective strategy in several European countries. Alternative strategies both within and outside the European Union are necessary to protect all subgroups of the populations against an increased risk of CHD.

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010673

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010673

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26975938

VL - 6

JO - B M J Open

JF - B M J Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 3

M1 - e010673

ER -

ID: 158211658