A low glycemic index diet does not affect postprandial energy metabolism but decreases postprandial insulinemia and increases fullness ratings in healthy women

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Standard

A low glycemic index diet does not affect postprandial energy metabolism but decreases postprandial insulinemia and increases fullness ratings in healthy women. / Krog-Mikkelsen, Inger; Sloth, Birgitte; Dimitrov, Dimiter; Tetens, Inge; Björck, Inger; Flint, Anne; Holst, Jens Juul; Astrup, Arne; Elmstähl, Helena; Raben, Anne Birgitte.

I: Journal of Nutrition, Bind 141, Nr. 9, 2011, s. 1679-1684.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Krog-Mikkelsen, I, Sloth, B, Dimitrov, D, Tetens, I, Björck, I, Flint, A, Holst, JJ, Astrup, A, Elmstähl, H & Raben, AB 2011, 'A low glycemic index diet does not affect postprandial energy metabolism but decreases postprandial insulinemia and increases fullness ratings in healthy women', Journal of Nutrition, bind 141, nr. 9, s. 1679-1684. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.110.134627

APA

Krog-Mikkelsen, I., Sloth, B., Dimitrov, D., Tetens, I., Björck, I., Flint, A., ... Raben, A. B. (2011). A low glycemic index diet does not affect postprandial energy metabolism but decreases postprandial insulinemia and increases fullness ratings in healthy women. Journal of Nutrition, 141(9), 1679-1684. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.110.134627

Vancouver

Krog-Mikkelsen I, Sloth B, Dimitrov D, Tetens I, Björck I, Flint A o.a. A low glycemic index diet does not affect postprandial energy metabolism but decreases postprandial insulinemia and increases fullness ratings in healthy women. Journal of Nutrition. 2011;141(9):1679-1684. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.110.134627

Author

Krog-Mikkelsen, Inger ; Sloth, Birgitte ; Dimitrov, Dimiter ; Tetens, Inge ; Björck, Inger ; Flint, Anne ; Holst, Jens Juul ; Astrup, Arne ; Elmstähl, Helena ; Raben, Anne Birgitte. / A low glycemic index diet does not affect postprandial energy metabolism but decreases postprandial insulinemia and increases fullness ratings in healthy women. I: Journal of Nutrition. 2011 ; Bind 141, Nr. 9. s. 1679-1684.

Bibtex

@article{77157a76e0044755a6e4a9bf56700b73,
title = "A low glycemic index diet does not affect postprandial energy metabolism but decreases postprandial insulinemia and increases fullness ratings in healthy women",
abstract = "At present, it is difficult to determine whether glycemic index (GI) is an important tool in the prevention of lifestyle diseases, and long-term studies investigating GI with diets matched in macronutrient composition, fiber content, energy content, and energy density are still scarce. We investigated the effects of 2 high-carbohydrate (55{\%}) diets with low GI (LGI; 79) or high GI (HGI; 103) on postprandial blood profile, subjective appetite sensations, energy expenditure (EE), substrate oxidation rates, and ad libitum energy intake (EI) from a corresponding test meal (LGI or HGI) after consuming the diets ad libitum for 10 wk. Two groups of a total of 29 healthy, overweight women (age: 30.5 ± 6.6 y; BMI: 27.6 ± 1.5 kg/m(2)) participated in the 10-wk intervention and a subsequent 4-h meal test. The breakfast test meals differed in GI but were equal in total energy, macronutrient composition, fiber content, and energy density. The LGI meal resulted in lower plasma glucose, serum insulin, and plasma glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 and higher plasma glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide concentrations than the HGI meal (P ≤ 0.05). Ratings of fullness were slightly higher and the desire to eat something fatty was lower after the test meal in the LGI group (P <0.05). Postprandial plasma GLP-2, plasma glucagon, serum leptin, plasma ghrelin, EE, substrate oxidation rates, and ad libitum EI at lunch did not differ between groups. In conclusion, postprandial glycemia, insulinemia, and subjective appetite ratings after a test meal were better after 10-wk ad libitum intake of a LGI compared to a HGI diet. EE and substrate oxidation rates were, however, not affected. These findings give some support to recommendations to consume a LGI diet.",
keywords = "Adult, Blood Glucose, Diet, Energy Metabolism, Female, Food, Glycemic Index, Humans, Insulin, Overweight, Postprandial Period, Satiety Response, Young Adult",
author = "Inger Krog-Mikkelsen and Birgitte Sloth and Dimiter Dimitrov and Inge Tetens and Inger Bj{\"o}rck and Anne Flint and Holst, {Jens Juul} and Arne Astrup and Helena Elmst{\"a}hl and Raben, {Anne Birgitte}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.3945/jn.110.134627",
language = "English",
volume = "141",
pages = "1679--1684",
journal = "Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0022-3166",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A low glycemic index diet does not affect postprandial energy metabolism but decreases postprandial insulinemia and increases fullness ratings in healthy women

AU - Krog-Mikkelsen, Inger

AU - Sloth, Birgitte

AU - Dimitrov, Dimiter

AU - Tetens, Inge

AU - Björck, Inger

AU - Flint, Anne

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Elmstähl, Helena

AU - Raben, Anne Birgitte

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - At present, it is difficult to determine whether glycemic index (GI) is an important tool in the prevention of lifestyle diseases, and long-term studies investigating GI with diets matched in macronutrient composition, fiber content, energy content, and energy density are still scarce. We investigated the effects of 2 high-carbohydrate (55%) diets with low GI (LGI; 79) or high GI (HGI; 103) on postprandial blood profile, subjective appetite sensations, energy expenditure (EE), substrate oxidation rates, and ad libitum energy intake (EI) from a corresponding test meal (LGI or HGI) after consuming the diets ad libitum for 10 wk. Two groups of a total of 29 healthy, overweight women (age: 30.5 ± 6.6 y; BMI: 27.6 ± 1.5 kg/m(2)) participated in the 10-wk intervention and a subsequent 4-h meal test. The breakfast test meals differed in GI but were equal in total energy, macronutrient composition, fiber content, and energy density. The LGI meal resulted in lower plasma glucose, serum insulin, and plasma glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 and higher plasma glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide concentrations than the HGI meal (P ≤ 0.05). Ratings of fullness were slightly higher and the desire to eat something fatty was lower after the test meal in the LGI group (P <0.05). Postprandial plasma GLP-2, plasma glucagon, serum leptin, plasma ghrelin, EE, substrate oxidation rates, and ad libitum EI at lunch did not differ between groups. In conclusion, postprandial glycemia, insulinemia, and subjective appetite ratings after a test meal were better after 10-wk ad libitum intake of a LGI compared to a HGI diet. EE and substrate oxidation rates were, however, not affected. These findings give some support to recommendations to consume a LGI diet.

AB - At present, it is difficult to determine whether glycemic index (GI) is an important tool in the prevention of lifestyle diseases, and long-term studies investigating GI with diets matched in macronutrient composition, fiber content, energy content, and energy density are still scarce. We investigated the effects of 2 high-carbohydrate (55%) diets with low GI (LGI; 79) or high GI (HGI; 103) on postprandial blood profile, subjective appetite sensations, energy expenditure (EE), substrate oxidation rates, and ad libitum energy intake (EI) from a corresponding test meal (LGI or HGI) after consuming the diets ad libitum for 10 wk. Two groups of a total of 29 healthy, overweight women (age: 30.5 ± 6.6 y; BMI: 27.6 ± 1.5 kg/m(2)) participated in the 10-wk intervention and a subsequent 4-h meal test. The breakfast test meals differed in GI but were equal in total energy, macronutrient composition, fiber content, and energy density. The LGI meal resulted in lower plasma glucose, serum insulin, and plasma glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 and higher plasma glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide concentrations than the HGI meal (P ≤ 0.05). Ratings of fullness were slightly higher and the desire to eat something fatty was lower after the test meal in the LGI group (P <0.05). Postprandial plasma GLP-2, plasma glucagon, serum leptin, plasma ghrelin, EE, substrate oxidation rates, and ad libitum EI at lunch did not differ between groups. In conclusion, postprandial glycemia, insulinemia, and subjective appetite ratings after a test meal were better after 10-wk ad libitum intake of a LGI compared to a HGI diet. EE and substrate oxidation rates were, however, not affected. These findings give some support to recommendations to consume a LGI diet.

KW - Adult

KW - Blood Glucose

KW - Diet

KW - Energy Metabolism

KW - Female

KW - Food

KW - Glycemic Index

KW - Humans

KW - Insulin

KW - Overweight

KW - Postprandial Period

KW - Satiety Response

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.3945/jn.110.134627

DO - 10.3945/jn.110.134627

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 21775528

VL - 141

SP - 1679

EP - 1684

JO - Journal of Nutrition

JF - Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0022-3166

IS - 9

ER -

ID: 33787836