Nutritional supplementation increases Rifampin exposure among tuberculosis patients coinfected with HIV

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Kidola Jeremiah
  • Paolo Denti
  • Emmanuel Chigutsa
  • Daniel Faurholt-Jepsen
  • George PrayGod
  • Nyagosya Range
  • Sandra Castel
  • Lubbe Wiesner
  • Christian Munch Hagen
  • Michael Christiansen
  • John Changalucha
  • Helen McIlleron
  • Friis, Henrik
  • Åse Bengård Andersen

Nutritional supplementation to tuberculosis (TB) patients has been associated with increased weight and reduced mortality, but its effect on the pharmacokinetics of first-line anti-TB drugs is unknown. A cohort of 100 TB patients (58 men; median age, 35 [interquartile range {IQR}, 29 to 40] years, and median body mass index [BMI], 18.8 [17.3 to 19.9] kg/m(2)) were randomized to receive nutritional supplementation during the intensive phase of TB treatment. Rifampin plasma concentrations were determined after 1 week and 2 months of treatment. The effects of nutritional supplementation, HIV, time on treatment, body weight, and SLCO1B1 rs4149032 genotype were examined using a population pharmacokinetic model. The model adjusted for body size via allometric scaling, accounted for clearance autoinduction, and detected an increase in bioavailability (+14%) for the patients in the continuation phase. HIV coinfection in patients not receiving the supplementation was found to decrease bioavailability by 21.8%, with a median maximum concentration of drug in serum (Cmax) and area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h (AUC0-24) of 5.6 μg/ml and 28.6 μg · h/ml, respectively. HIV-coinfected patients on nutritional supplementation achieved higher Cmax and AUC0-24 values of 6.4 μg/ml and 31.6 μg · h/ml, respectively, and only 13.3% bioavailability reduction. No effect of the SLCO1B1 rs4149032 genotype was observed. In conclusion, nutritional supplementation during the first 2 months of TB treatment reduces the decrease in rifampin exposure observed in HIV-coinfected patients but does not affect exposure in HIV-uninfected patients. If confirmed in other studies, the use of defined nutritional supplementation in HIV-coinfected TB patients should be considered in TB control programs. (This study has the controlled trial registration number ISRCTN 16552219.).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Vol/bind58
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)3468-3474
Antal sider7
ISSN0066-4804
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2014

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2014 NEXS 204

ID: 119649756