Nutrient composition of four species of winged termites consumed in western Kenya

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

J N Kinyuru, S O Konyole, Nanna Roos, C A Onyango, V O Owino, B O Owuor, B B Estambale, Henrik Friis, Jens Aagaard-Hansen, G M Kenji

The objective of this study was to gain knowledge on the nutrient composition of Macrotermes subhylanus, Pseudacanthotermes militaris, Macrotermes bellicosus and P. spiniger termite species, which are consumed in western Kenya. Proximate, iron, zinc, calcium and fatty acid composition were analyzed in order to ascertain their potential in food-based strategies to improve nutritional health. The fat content was 44.82-47.31. g/100. g, protein 33.51-39.74. g/100. g, available carbohydrate 0.72-8.73. g/100. g, iron 53.33-115.97. mg/100. g and zinc 7.10-12.86. mg/100. g. The level of unsaturated fatty acids was 50.54-67.83%, while n-6:n-3 ratio ranged between 5.80:1.00 and 57.70:1.00, thus signifying potential nutritional and public health significance. The termites may be exploited in provision of high-quality diets especially in the developing countries, which have been plagued by iron and zinc deficiencies as well as poor supply of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid sources.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
Vol/bind30
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)120-124
Antal sider5
ISSN0889-1575
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2013

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2013 NEXS 277

ID: 65644327