Fish oil supplementation modulates immune function in healthy infants

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Standard

Fish oil supplementation modulates immune function in healthy infants. / Damsgaard, Camilla Trab; Lauritzen, Lotte; Kjær, Tanja M.R.; Holm, Puk M.I.; Fruekilde, Maj-Britt; Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer; Frøkiær, Hanne.

I: Journal of Nutrition, Bind 137, Nr. 4, 2007, s. 1031-1036.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Damsgaard, CT, Lauritzen, L, Kjær, TMR, Holm, PMI, Fruekilde, M-B, Michaelsen, KF & Frøkiær, H 2007, 'Fish oil supplementation modulates immune function in healthy infants', Journal of Nutrition, bind 137, nr. 4, s. 1031-1036.

APA

Damsgaard, C. T., Lauritzen, L., Kjær, T. M. R., Holm, P. M. I., Fruekilde, M-B., Michaelsen, K. F., & Frøkiær, H. (2007). Fish oil supplementation modulates immune function in healthy infants. Journal of Nutrition, 137(4), 1031-1036.

Vancouver

Damsgaard CT, Lauritzen L, Kjær TMR, Holm PMI, Fruekilde M-B, Michaelsen KF o.a. Fish oil supplementation modulates immune function in healthy infants. Journal of Nutrition. 2007;137(4):1031-1036.

Author

Damsgaard, Camilla Trab ; Lauritzen, Lotte ; Kjær, Tanja M.R. ; Holm, Puk M.I. ; Fruekilde, Maj-Britt ; Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer ; Frøkiær, Hanne. / Fish oil supplementation modulates immune function in healthy infants. I: Journal of Nutrition. 2007 ; Bind 137, Nr. 4. s. 1031-1036.

Bibtex

@article{31b51020a1c211ddb6ae000ea68e967b,
title = "Fish oil supplementation modulates immune function in healthy infants",
abstract = "(n-3) PUFA influence immune function in adults and may also affect immune maturation during development. This randomized trial is, to our knowledge, the first to investigate whether fish oil supplementation in late infancy modifies immune responses. The study was a 2 3 2 intervention in 64 healthy Danish infants, who received cow's milk or infant formula alone or with fish oil (FO) (3.4 6 1.1 mL/d) from 9 to 12 mo of age. Before and after the intervention, fatty acid composition of erythrocyte membranes, plasma IgE, C-reactive protein, and soluble IL-2 receptor concentrations were measured. TNF-a, INF-g, and IL-10 concentrations in whole-blood cultures, stimulated for 22 h with LPS1phytohemaglutinin (PHA) or Lactobacillus paracasei, were also determined. IgA was measured in feces when infants were 10 mo of age. FO supplementation effectively raised erythrocyte (n-3) PUFA (P , 0.001), increased L. paracasei-induced INF-g (P ¼ 0.05) and tended to reduce LPS1PHA-induced IL-10 (P ¼ 0.08). The FO intervention did not affect any of the other analyzed immune variables. The erythrocyte content of eicosapentanoic acid was negatively associated with LPS1PHAinduced IL-10 (r ¼ 20.38, P ¼ 0.02). Feeding milk rather than formula did not affect cytokine production, but plasma soluble IL-2 receptor concentration was greater in the formula group than in the cow's milk group (P ¼ 0.03). Since the capacity to produce INF-g has been proposed as a maturation marker for the immune system in early life, this study suggests a faster immune maturation with FO supplementation with no apparent reduction in immune activation. The implications for later health need further investigation. J",
author = "Damsgaard, {Camilla Trab} and Lotte Lauritzen and Kj{\ae}r, {Tanja M.R.} and Holm, {Puk M.I.} and Maj-Britt Fruekilde and Michaelsen, {Kim Fleischer} and Hanne Fr{\o}ki{\ae}r",
year = "2007",
language = "English",
volume = "137",
pages = "1031--1036",
journal = "Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0022-3166",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fish oil supplementation modulates immune function in healthy infants

AU - Damsgaard, Camilla Trab

AU - Lauritzen, Lotte

AU - Kjær, Tanja M.R.

AU - Holm, Puk M.I.

AU - Fruekilde, Maj-Britt

AU - Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer

AU - Frøkiær, Hanne

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - (n-3) PUFA influence immune function in adults and may also affect immune maturation during development. This randomized trial is, to our knowledge, the first to investigate whether fish oil supplementation in late infancy modifies immune responses. The study was a 2 3 2 intervention in 64 healthy Danish infants, who received cow's milk or infant formula alone or with fish oil (FO) (3.4 6 1.1 mL/d) from 9 to 12 mo of age. Before and after the intervention, fatty acid composition of erythrocyte membranes, plasma IgE, C-reactive protein, and soluble IL-2 receptor concentrations were measured. TNF-a, INF-g, and IL-10 concentrations in whole-blood cultures, stimulated for 22 h with LPS1phytohemaglutinin (PHA) or Lactobacillus paracasei, were also determined. IgA was measured in feces when infants were 10 mo of age. FO supplementation effectively raised erythrocyte (n-3) PUFA (P , 0.001), increased L. paracasei-induced INF-g (P ¼ 0.05) and tended to reduce LPS1PHA-induced IL-10 (P ¼ 0.08). The FO intervention did not affect any of the other analyzed immune variables. The erythrocyte content of eicosapentanoic acid was negatively associated with LPS1PHAinduced IL-10 (r ¼ 20.38, P ¼ 0.02). Feeding milk rather than formula did not affect cytokine production, but plasma soluble IL-2 receptor concentration was greater in the formula group than in the cow's milk group (P ¼ 0.03). Since the capacity to produce INF-g has been proposed as a maturation marker for the immune system in early life, this study suggests a faster immune maturation with FO supplementation with no apparent reduction in immune activation. The implications for later health need further investigation. J

AB - (n-3) PUFA influence immune function in adults and may also affect immune maturation during development. This randomized trial is, to our knowledge, the first to investigate whether fish oil supplementation in late infancy modifies immune responses. The study was a 2 3 2 intervention in 64 healthy Danish infants, who received cow's milk or infant formula alone or with fish oil (FO) (3.4 6 1.1 mL/d) from 9 to 12 mo of age. Before and after the intervention, fatty acid composition of erythrocyte membranes, plasma IgE, C-reactive protein, and soluble IL-2 receptor concentrations were measured. TNF-a, INF-g, and IL-10 concentrations in whole-blood cultures, stimulated for 22 h with LPS1phytohemaglutinin (PHA) or Lactobacillus paracasei, were also determined. IgA was measured in feces when infants were 10 mo of age. FO supplementation effectively raised erythrocyte (n-3) PUFA (P , 0.001), increased L. paracasei-induced INF-g (P ¼ 0.05) and tended to reduce LPS1PHA-induced IL-10 (P ¼ 0.08). The FO intervention did not affect any of the other analyzed immune variables. The erythrocyte content of eicosapentanoic acid was negatively associated with LPS1PHAinduced IL-10 (r ¼ 20.38, P ¼ 0.02). Feeding milk rather than formula did not affect cytokine production, but plasma soluble IL-2 receptor concentration was greater in the formula group than in the cow's milk group (P ¼ 0.03). Since the capacity to produce INF-g has been proposed as a maturation marker for the immune system in early life, this study suggests a faster immune maturation with FO supplementation with no apparent reduction in immune activation. The implications for later health need further investigation. J

M3 - Journal article

VL - 137

SP - 1031

EP - 1036

JO - Journal of Nutrition

JF - Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0022-3166

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 8064756