Feasibility and health effects of a 15-week combined exercise programme for sedentary elderly: A randomised controlled trial

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Standard

Feasibility and health effects of a 15-week combined exercise programme for sedentary elderly : A randomised controlled trial. / Nielsen, Tina-Thea; Møller, Trine Kjeldgaard Tang; Andersen, Lars Louis; Zebis, Mette K; Hansen, Peter Riis; Krustrup, Peter.

I: BioMed Research International, Bind 2019, 3081029, 2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nielsen, T-T, Møller, TKT, Andersen, LL, Zebis, MK, Hansen, PR & Krustrup, P 2019, 'Feasibility and health effects of a 15-week combined exercise programme for sedentary elderly: A randomised controlled trial', BioMed Research International, bind 2019, 3081029. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/3081029

APA

Nielsen, T-T., Møller, T. K. T., Andersen, L. L., Zebis, M. K., Hansen, P. R., & Krustrup, P. (2019). Feasibility and health effects of a 15-week combined exercise programme for sedentary elderly: A randomised controlled trial. BioMed Research International, 2019, [3081029]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/3081029

Vancouver

Nielsen T-T, Møller TKT, Andersen LL, Zebis MK, Hansen PR, Krustrup P. Feasibility and health effects of a 15-week combined exercise programme for sedentary elderly: A randomised controlled trial. BioMed Research International. 2019;2019. 3081029. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/3081029

Author

Nielsen, Tina-Thea ; Møller, Trine Kjeldgaard Tang ; Andersen, Lars Louis ; Zebis, Mette K ; Hansen, Peter Riis ; Krustrup, Peter. / Feasibility and health effects of a 15-week combined exercise programme for sedentary elderly : A randomised controlled trial. I: BioMed Research International. 2019 ; Bind 2019.

Bibtex

@article{8dab058bd14043f9a3756e7dcc6fdf0f,
title = "Feasibility and health effects of a 15-week combined exercise programme for sedentary elderly: A randomised controlled trial",
abstract = "There is strong evidence that considerable health benefits can be achieved even with small amounts of physical activity. However, getting people to exercise regularly is a major challenge not least in the elderly population. This study investigated the feasibility and physiological health effects of a pragmatic 15-week exercise programme for sedentary elderly. In a single-blind randomised controlled trial, 45 sedentary 60-83-year-olds (25 women, 20 men) were randomly assigned (2:1 ratio) to a training group (TG, n=30) or a control group (CG, n=15). The training in TG consisted of a combination of exercise modalities (i.e., strength, aerobic fitness, stability, and flexibility training) performed once a week as supervised group-based training and a weekly home-based training for 15 weeks. Feasibility outcomes were exercise intensity, adherence, and adverse events. The primary outcome was change in aerobic fitness (VO2max/kg). Adherence was high (81%) for the supervised exercise and low (0%) for the home-based exercise. No acute injuries occurred in TG, but 4 subjects (13%) reported considerable joint pain related to training. Average heart rate (HR) during the supervised training was 104±12 beats/min (69.3±8.0%HRmax), with 3.9±7.3% of training time >90%HRmax. Intention-to-treat analyses revealed no between-group differences for aerobic fitness (P=0.790) or any secondary cardiovascular outcomes at 15-week follow-up (resting HR or blood pressure; P>0.05). Compared to CG, bodyweight (-2.3 kg, 95% CI -4.0 to -7.0; P=0.006), total fat mass (-2.0 kg, 95% CI -3.5 to -0.5; P=0.01), and total fat percentage (-1.6%, 95% CI -2.8 to -0.3; P=0.01) decreased in TG. The group-based supervised training had high adherence and moderate exercise intensity, whereas the home-based training was not feasible in this study population. This exercise programme performed once a week did not improve aerobic fitness. Thus, supervised training with more vigorous intensity control appears advisable. Clinical Study registration number is H-15016951.",
author = "Tina-Thea Nielsen and M{\o}ller, {Trine Kjeldgaard Tang} and Andersen, {Lars Louis} and Zebis, {Mette K} and Hansen, {Peter Riis} and Peter Krustrup",
note = "CURIS 2019 NEXS 080",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1155/2019/3081029",
language = "English",
volume = "2019",
journal = "Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology",
issn = "1110-7243",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Feasibility and health effects of a 15-week combined exercise programme for sedentary elderly

T2 - A randomised controlled trial

AU - Nielsen, Tina-Thea

AU - Møller, Trine Kjeldgaard Tang

AU - Andersen, Lars Louis

AU - Zebis, Mette K

AU - Hansen, Peter Riis

AU - Krustrup, Peter

N1 - CURIS 2019 NEXS 080

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - There is strong evidence that considerable health benefits can be achieved even with small amounts of physical activity. However, getting people to exercise regularly is a major challenge not least in the elderly population. This study investigated the feasibility and physiological health effects of a pragmatic 15-week exercise programme for sedentary elderly. In a single-blind randomised controlled trial, 45 sedentary 60-83-year-olds (25 women, 20 men) were randomly assigned (2:1 ratio) to a training group (TG, n=30) or a control group (CG, n=15). The training in TG consisted of a combination of exercise modalities (i.e., strength, aerobic fitness, stability, and flexibility training) performed once a week as supervised group-based training and a weekly home-based training for 15 weeks. Feasibility outcomes were exercise intensity, adherence, and adverse events. The primary outcome was change in aerobic fitness (VO2max/kg). Adherence was high (81%) for the supervised exercise and low (0%) for the home-based exercise. No acute injuries occurred in TG, but 4 subjects (13%) reported considerable joint pain related to training. Average heart rate (HR) during the supervised training was 104±12 beats/min (69.3±8.0%HRmax), with 3.9±7.3% of training time >90%HRmax. Intention-to-treat analyses revealed no between-group differences for aerobic fitness (P=0.790) or any secondary cardiovascular outcomes at 15-week follow-up (resting HR or blood pressure; P>0.05). Compared to CG, bodyweight (-2.3 kg, 95% CI -4.0 to -7.0; P=0.006), total fat mass (-2.0 kg, 95% CI -3.5 to -0.5; P=0.01), and total fat percentage (-1.6%, 95% CI -2.8 to -0.3; P=0.01) decreased in TG. The group-based supervised training had high adherence and moderate exercise intensity, whereas the home-based training was not feasible in this study population. This exercise programme performed once a week did not improve aerobic fitness. Thus, supervised training with more vigorous intensity control appears advisable. Clinical Study registration number is H-15016951.

AB - There is strong evidence that considerable health benefits can be achieved even with small amounts of physical activity. However, getting people to exercise regularly is a major challenge not least in the elderly population. This study investigated the feasibility and physiological health effects of a pragmatic 15-week exercise programme for sedentary elderly. In a single-blind randomised controlled trial, 45 sedentary 60-83-year-olds (25 women, 20 men) were randomly assigned (2:1 ratio) to a training group (TG, n=30) or a control group (CG, n=15). The training in TG consisted of a combination of exercise modalities (i.e., strength, aerobic fitness, stability, and flexibility training) performed once a week as supervised group-based training and a weekly home-based training for 15 weeks. Feasibility outcomes were exercise intensity, adherence, and adverse events. The primary outcome was change in aerobic fitness (VO2max/kg). Adherence was high (81%) for the supervised exercise and low (0%) for the home-based exercise. No acute injuries occurred in TG, but 4 subjects (13%) reported considerable joint pain related to training. Average heart rate (HR) during the supervised training was 104±12 beats/min (69.3±8.0%HRmax), with 3.9±7.3% of training time >90%HRmax. Intention-to-treat analyses revealed no between-group differences for aerobic fitness (P=0.790) or any secondary cardiovascular outcomes at 15-week follow-up (resting HR or blood pressure; P>0.05). Compared to CG, bodyweight (-2.3 kg, 95% CI -4.0 to -7.0; P=0.006), total fat mass (-2.0 kg, 95% CI -3.5 to -0.5; P=0.01), and total fat percentage (-1.6%, 95% CI -2.8 to -0.3; P=0.01) decreased in TG. The group-based supervised training had high adherence and moderate exercise intensity, whereas the home-based training was not feasible in this study population. This exercise programme performed once a week did not improve aerobic fitness. Thus, supervised training with more vigorous intensity control appears advisable. Clinical Study registration number is H-15016951.

U2 - 10.1155/2019/3081029

DO - 10.1155/2019/3081029

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30809536

VL - 2019

JO - Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology

JF - Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology

SN - 1110-7243

M1 - 3081029

ER -

ID: 214298460