Effects of oily fish intake on cardiometabolic markers in healthy 8- to 9-y-old children: the FiSK Junior randomized trial

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Standard

Effects of oily fish intake on cardiometabolic markers in healthy 8- to 9-y-old children : the FiSK Junior randomized trial. / Vuholm, Stine; Rantanen, Jesper M; Teisen, Marie Nygaard; Stark, Ken D; Mølgaard, Christian; Christensen, Jeppe H; Lauritzen, Lotte; Damsgaard, Camilla Trab.

I: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Bind 110, Nr. 6, 2019, s. 1296-1305.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Vuholm, S, Rantanen, JM, Teisen, MN, Stark, KD, Mølgaard, C, Christensen, JH, Lauritzen, L & Damsgaard, CT 2019, 'Effects of oily fish intake on cardiometabolic markers in healthy 8- to 9-y-old children: the FiSK Junior randomized trial', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, bind 110, nr. 6, s. 1296-1305. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz233

APA

Vuholm, S., Rantanen, J. M., Teisen, M. N., Stark, K. D., Mølgaard, C., Christensen, J. H., ... Damsgaard, C. T. (2019). Effects of oily fish intake on cardiometabolic markers in healthy 8- to 9-y-old children: the FiSK Junior randomized trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 110(6), 1296-1305. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz233

Vancouver

Vuholm S, Rantanen JM, Teisen MN, Stark KD, Mølgaard C, Christensen JH o.a. Effects of oily fish intake on cardiometabolic markers in healthy 8- to 9-y-old children: the FiSK Junior randomized trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2019;110(6):1296-1305. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz233

Author

Vuholm, Stine ; Rantanen, Jesper M ; Teisen, Marie Nygaard ; Stark, Ken D ; Mølgaard, Christian ; Christensen, Jeppe H ; Lauritzen, Lotte ; Damsgaard, Camilla Trab. / Effects of oily fish intake on cardiometabolic markers in healthy 8- to 9-y-old children : the FiSK Junior randomized trial. I: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2019 ; Bind 110, Nr. 6. s. 1296-1305.

Bibtex

@article{aba59599708b4ed88714a65f32a9b77b,
title = "Effects of oily fish intake on cardiometabolic markers in healthy 8- to 9-y-old children: the FiSK Junior randomized trial",
abstract = "Background: Fish oil improves cardiometabolic markers in adults, but results in children are inconsistent. Few children meet the recommended fish intake and no randomized trials have investigated how fish intake per se affects children's cardiometabolic profile.Objective: We investigated whether oily fish consumption modulated serum triacylglycerol and diastolic blood pressure (coprimary outcomes) and other cardiometabolic markers in healthy Danish children and whether effects were sex-specific.Methods: In a randomized controlled 12-wk trial, 199 children (aged 8-9 y) received ∼300 g/wk of oily fish or poultry (control). We measured blood pressure, heart rate, and heart rate variability (HRV) via 3-h continuous electrocardiograms and collected fasting blood samples for analysis of erythrocyte EPA [20:5n-3 (ω-3)] + DHA (22:6n-3) and serum triacylglycerol, LDL and HDL cholesterol, glucose, and insulin.Results: One hundred and ninety-seven children (99{\%}) completed the trial. The fish group consumed a median (IQR) of 375 (325-426) g oily fish/wk and the poultry group consumed 400 (359-452) g poultry/wk, which resulted in 2.25 (95{\%} CI: 1.88, 2.62) fatty acid percentage-point higher erythrocyte EPA + DHA in the fish group (P < 0.001). In the fish group, serum triacylglycerol decreased by 0.05 mmol/L (95{\%} CI: 0.00, 0.11 mmol/L) (P = 0.04) and HDL cholesterol increased by 0.07 mmol/L (95{\%} CI: 0.01, 0.13 mmol/L) (P = 0.02); the triacylglycerol effect showed dose-dependency with erythrocyte EPA + DHA (r = -0.15, P = 0.04), whereas HDL showed a tendency for such an association(r = 0.13, P = 0.08). Additional analyses indicated sex-specificity (Pdiet*sex < 0.10), because triacylglycerol was reduced by 0.09 mmol/L (95{\%} CI: 0.02, 0.16 mmol/L) in boys only (girls: -0.00; 95{\%} CI: -0.07, 0.07 mmol/L) and heart rate was reduced by 3.4 bpm (95{\%} CI: 0.2, 6.6 bpm) in girls only (boys: 0.6; 95{\%} CI: -2.6, 3.8 bpm). Blood pressure, HRV, and glucose homeostasis were unaffected.Conclusions: Oily fish intake improved serum triacylglycerol and HDL cholesterol in a dose-dependent manner in 8- to 9-y-old children, but had no effect on blood pressure, HRV, or glucose homeostasis. This supports recommendations for fish intake in children and underlines the importance of initiatives to increase children's intake of oily fish. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02809508.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Children, n–3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n–3 LCPUFAs), Triacylglycerol, Cholesterol, Blood pressure, Heart rate, Heart rate variability, Cardiometabolic health",
author = "Stine Vuholm and Rantanen, {Jesper M} and Teisen, {Marie Nygaard} and Stark, {Ken D} and Christian M{\o}lgaard and Christensen, {Jeppe H} and Lotte Lauritzen and Damsgaard, {Camilla Trab}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} American Society for Nutrition 2019.",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1093/ajcn/nqz233",
language = "English",
volume = "110",
pages = "1296--1305",
journal = "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0002-9165",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of oily fish intake on cardiometabolic markers in healthy 8- to 9-y-old children

T2 - the FiSK Junior randomized trial

AU - Vuholm, Stine

AU - Rantanen, Jesper M

AU - Teisen, Marie Nygaard

AU - Stark, Ken D

AU - Mølgaard, Christian

AU - Christensen, Jeppe H

AU - Lauritzen, Lotte

AU - Damsgaard, Camilla Trab

N1 - Copyright © American Society for Nutrition 2019.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Fish oil improves cardiometabolic markers in adults, but results in children are inconsistent. Few children meet the recommended fish intake and no randomized trials have investigated how fish intake per se affects children's cardiometabolic profile.Objective: We investigated whether oily fish consumption modulated serum triacylglycerol and diastolic blood pressure (coprimary outcomes) and other cardiometabolic markers in healthy Danish children and whether effects were sex-specific.Methods: In a randomized controlled 12-wk trial, 199 children (aged 8-9 y) received ∼300 g/wk of oily fish or poultry (control). We measured blood pressure, heart rate, and heart rate variability (HRV) via 3-h continuous electrocardiograms and collected fasting blood samples for analysis of erythrocyte EPA [20:5n-3 (ω-3)] + DHA (22:6n-3) and serum triacylglycerol, LDL and HDL cholesterol, glucose, and insulin.Results: One hundred and ninety-seven children (99%) completed the trial. The fish group consumed a median (IQR) of 375 (325-426) g oily fish/wk and the poultry group consumed 400 (359-452) g poultry/wk, which resulted in 2.25 (95% CI: 1.88, 2.62) fatty acid percentage-point higher erythrocyte EPA + DHA in the fish group (P < 0.001). In the fish group, serum triacylglycerol decreased by 0.05 mmol/L (95% CI: 0.00, 0.11 mmol/L) (P = 0.04) and HDL cholesterol increased by 0.07 mmol/L (95% CI: 0.01, 0.13 mmol/L) (P = 0.02); the triacylglycerol effect showed dose-dependency with erythrocyte EPA + DHA (r = -0.15, P = 0.04), whereas HDL showed a tendency for such an association(r = 0.13, P = 0.08). Additional analyses indicated sex-specificity (Pdiet*sex < 0.10), because triacylglycerol was reduced by 0.09 mmol/L (95% CI: 0.02, 0.16 mmol/L) in boys only (girls: -0.00; 95% CI: -0.07, 0.07 mmol/L) and heart rate was reduced by 3.4 bpm (95% CI: 0.2, 6.6 bpm) in girls only (boys: 0.6; 95% CI: -2.6, 3.8 bpm). Blood pressure, HRV, and glucose homeostasis were unaffected.Conclusions: Oily fish intake improved serum triacylglycerol and HDL cholesterol in a dose-dependent manner in 8- to 9-y-old children, but had no effect on blood pressure, HRV, or glucose homeostasis. This supports recommendations for fish intake in children and underlines the importance of initiatives to increase children's intake of oily fish. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02809508.

AB - Background: Fish oil improves cardiometabolic markers in adults, but results in children are inconsistent. Few children meet the recommended fish intake and no randomized trials have investigated how fish intake per se affects children's cardiometabolic profile.Objective: We investigated whether oily fish consumption modulated serum triacylglycerol and diastolic blood pressure (coprimary outcomes) and other cardiometabolic markers in healthy Danish children and whether effects were sex-specific.Methods: In a randomized controlled 12-wk trial, 199 children (aged 8-9 y) received ∼300 g/wk of oily fish or poultry (control). We measured blood pressure, heart rate, and heart rate variability (HRV) via 3-h continuous electrocardiograms and collected fasting blood samples for analysis of erythrocyte EPA [20:5n-3 (ω-3)] + DHA (22:6n-3) and serum triacylglycerol, LDL and HDL cholesterol, glucose, and insulin.Results: One hundred and ninety-seven children (99%) completed the trial. The fish group consumed a median (IQR) of 375 (325-426) g oily fish/wk and the poultry group consumed 400 (359-452) g poultry/wk, which resulted in 2.25 (95% CI: 1.88, 2.62) fatty acid percentage-point higher erythrocyte EPA + DHA in the fish group (P < 0.001). In the fish group, serum triacylglycerol decreased by 0.05 mmol/L (95% CI: 0.00, 0.11 mmol/L) (P = 0.04) and HDL cholesterol increased by 0.07 mmol/L (95% CI: 0.01, 0.13 mmol/L) (P = 0.02); the triacylglycerol effect showed dose-dependency with erythrocyte EPA + DHA (r = -0.15, P = 0.04), whereas HDL showed a tendency for such an association(r = 0.13, P = 0.08). Additional analyses indicated sex-specificity (Pdiet*sex < 0.10), because triacylglycerol was reduced by 0.09 mmol/L (95% CI: 0.02, 0.16 mmol/L) in boys only (girls: -0.00; 95% CI: -0.07, 0.07 mmol/L) and heart rate was reduced by 3.4 bpm (95% CI: 0.2, 6.6 bpm) in girls only (boys: 0.6; 95% CI: -2.6, 3.8 bpm). Blood pressure, HRV, and glucose homeostasis were unaffected.Conclusions: Oily fish intake improved serum triacylglycerol and HDL cholesterol in a dose-dependent manner in 8- to 9-y-old children, but had no effect on blood pressure, HRV, or glucose homeostasis. This supports recommendations for fish intake in children and underlines the importance of initiatives to increase children's intake of oily fish. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02809508.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Children

KW - n–3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n–3 LCPUFAs)

KW - Triacylglycerol

KW - Cholesterol

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Heart rate

KW - Heart rate variability

KW - Cardiometabolic health

U2 - 10.1093/ajcn/nqz233

DO - 10.1093/ajcn/nqz233

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31595295

VL - 110

SP - 1296

EP - 1305

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 228492425