Critical evaluation of the appetite test for children with severe acute malnutrition

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Critical evaluation of the appetite test for children with severe acute malnutrition. / Zangenberg, Mike; Abdissa, Alemseged; Johansen, Øystein H.; Tesfaw, Getnet; Friis, Henrik; Briend, André; Eshetu, Beza; Kurtzhals, Jørgen A.L.; Girma, Tsinuel.

I: Tropical Medicine and International Health, Bind 25, Nr. 4, 2020, s. 424-432.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Zangenberg, M, Abdissa, A, Johansen, ØH, Tesfaw, G, Friis, H, Briend, A, Eshetu, B, Kurtzhals, JAL & Girma, T 2020, 'Critical evaluation of the appetite test for children with severe acute malnutrition', Tropical Medicine and International Health, bind 25, nr. 4, s. 424-432. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13360

APA

Zangenberg, M., Abdissa, A., Johansen, Ø. H., Tesfaw, G., Friis, H., Briend, A., ... Girma, T. (2020). Critical evaluation of the appetite test for children with severe acute malnutrition. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 25(4), 424-432. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13360

Vancouver

Zangenberg M, Abdissa A, Johansen ØH, Tesfaw G, Friis H, Briend A o.a. Critical evaluation of the appetite test for children with severe acute malnutrition. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2020;25(4):424-432. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13360

Author

Zangenberg, Mike ; Abdissa, Alemseged ; Johansen, Øystein H. ; Tesfaw, Getnet ; Friis, Henrik ; Briend, André ; Eshetu, Beza ; Kurtzhals, Jørgen A.L. ; Girma, Tsinuel. / Critical evaluation of the appetite test for children with severe acute malnutrition. I: Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2020 ; Bind 25, Nr. 4. s. 424-432.

Bibtex

@article{b14ce5cc09d848f7b6adc4992d644e90,
title = "Critical evaluation of the appetite test for children with severe acute malnutrition",
abstract = "Objectives: The appetite test is used to risk stratify for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in inpatient or outpatient care. The test is recommended in guidelines despite lack of evidence. We evaluated its ability to identify children at risk of a poor treatment outcome. Methods: We conducted an observational study of children diagnosed with SAM at three health facilities in Ethiopia. The appetite test was done independently, and the result did not affect decisions about hospitalisation and clinical care. Data were analysed using mixed linear and logistic regression models. Results: Appetite was tested in 298 (89{\%}) of 334 children enrolled; 56 (19{\%}) passed. Children failing the appetite test had a 6.6{\%} higher weight gain per day (95{\%} CI: 2.6, 10.8) adjusted for type of treatment, oedema, duration of follow-up and age than children passing the test. We found medical complications in 179 (54{\%}) children. Medical complications were associated with blood markers of metabolic disturbance. Children with medical complications tended to have lower weight gain than those without complications (3.5{\%}, 95{\%} CI: −0.25, 7.0). Neither the appetite test nor medical complications were correlated with bacteraemia or treatment failure. Conclusions: Our findings question the use of the appetite test to identify children who need inpatient care. An assessment of medical complications alone could be a useful risk indicator but needs to be evaluated in other settings.",
keywords = "appetite, community management, risk assessment, severe acute malnutrition, therapeutic foods",
author = "Mike Zangenberg and Alemseged Abdissa and Johansen, {{\O}ystein H.} and Getnet Tesfaw and Henrik Friis and Andr{\'e} Briend and Beza Eshetu and Kurtzhals, {J{\o}rgen A.L.} and Tsinuel Girma",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1111/tmi.13360",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "424--432",
journal = "Tropical Medicine & International Health",
issn = "1360-2276",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Critical evaluation of the appetite test for children with severe acute malnutrition

AU - Zangenberg, Mike

AU - Abdissa, Alemseged

AU - Johansen, Øystein H.

AU - Tesfaw, Getnet

AU - Friis, Henrik

AU - Briend, André

AU - Eshetu, Beza

AU - Kurtzhals, Jørgen A.L.

AU - Girma, Tsinuel

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Objectives: The appetite test is used to risk stratify for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in inpatient or outpatient care. The test is recommended in guidelines despite lack of evidence. We evaluated its ability to identify children at risk of a poor treatment outcome. Methods: We conducted an observational study of children diagnosed with SAM at three health facilities in Ethiopia. The appetite test was done independently, and the result did not affect decisions about hospitalisation and clinical care. Data were analysed using mixed linear and logistic regression models. Results: Appetite was tested in 298 (89%) of 334 children enrolled; 56 (19%) passed. Children failing the appetite test had a 6.6% higher weight gain per day (95% CI: 2.6, 10.8) adjusted for type of treatment, oedema, duration of follow-up and age than children passing the test. We found medical complications in 179 (54%) children. Medical complications were associated with blood markers of metabolic disturbance. Children with medical complications tended to have lower weight gain than those without complications (3.5%, 95% CI: −0.25, 7.0). Neither the appetite test nor medical complications were correlated with bacteraemia or treatment failure. Conclusions: Our findings question the use of the appetite test to identify children who need inpatient care. An assessment of medical complications alone could be a useful risk indicator but needs to be evaluated in other settings.

AB - Objectives: The appetite test is used to risk stratify for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in inpatient or outpatient care. The test is recommended in guidelines despite lack of evidence. We evaluated its ability to identify children at risk of a poor treatment outcome. Methods: We conducted an observational study of children diagnosed with SAM at three health facilities in Ethiopia. The appetite test was done independently, and the result did not affect decisions about hospitalisation and clinical care. Data were analysed using mixed linear and logistic regression models. Results: Appetite was tested in 298 (89%) of 334 children enrolled; 56 (19%) passed. Children failing the appetite test had a 6.6% higher weight gain per day (95% CI: 2.6, 10.8) adjusted for type of treatment, oedema, duration of follow-up and age than children passing the test. We found medical complications in 179 (54%) children. Medical complications were associated with blood markers of metabolic disturbance. Children with medical complications tended to have lower weight gain than those without complications (3.5%, 95% CI: −0.25, 7.0). Neither the appetite test nor medical complications were correlated with bacteraemia or treatment failure. Conclusions: Our findings question the use of the appetite test to identify children who need inpatient care. An assessment of medical complications alone could be a useful risk indicator but needs to be evaluated in other settings.

KW - appetite

KW - community management

KW - risk assessment

KW - severe acute malnutrition

KW - therapeutic foods

U2 - 10.1111/tmi.13360

DO - 10.1111/tmi.13360

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31828888

AN - SCOPUS:85078624809

VL - 25

SP - 424

EP - 432

JO - Tropical Medicine & International Health

JF - Tropical Medicine & International Health

SN - 1360-2276

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 235786180