Breastfeeding and complementary feeding in relation to body mass index and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y: A path analysis within the Danish National Birth Cohort

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Breastfeeding and complementary feeding in relation to body mass index and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y : A path analysis within the Danish National Birth Cohort. / Morgen, Camilla Schmidt; Ängquist, Lars; Baker, Jennifer Lyn; Nybo Andersen, Anne-Marie; Sørensen, Thorkild I.A.; Michaelsen, Kim F.

I: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Bind 107, Nr. 3, 2018, s. 313-322.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Morgen, CS, Ängquist, L, Baker, JL, Nybo Andersen, A-M, Sørensen, TIA & Michaelsen, KF 2018, 'Breastfeeding and complementary feeding in relation to body mass index and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y: A path analysis within the Danish National Birth Cohort', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, bind 107, nr. 3, s. 313-322. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqx058

APA

Morgen, C. S., Ängquist, L., Baker, J. L., Nybo Andersen, A-M., Sørensen, T. I. A., & Michaelsen, K. F. (2018). Breastfeeding and complementary feeding in relation to body mass index and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y: A path analysis within the Danish National Birth Cohort. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 107(3), 313-322. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqx058

Vancouver

Morgen CS, Ängquist L, Baker JL, Nybo Andersen A-M, Sørensen TIA, Michaelsen KF. Breastfeeding and complementary feeding in relation to body mass index and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y: A path analysis within the Danish National Birth Cohort. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2018;107(3):313-322. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqx058

Author

Morgen, Camilla Schmidt ; Ängquist, Lars ; Baker, Jennifer Lyn ; Nybo Andersen, Anne-Marie ; Sørensen, Thorkild I.A. ; Michaelsen, Kim F. / Breastfeeding and complementary feeding in relation to body mass index and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y : A path analysis within the Danish National Birth Cohort. I: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2018 ; Bind 107, Nr. 3. s. 313-322.

Bibtex

@article{9c7071f376a74c2a9df52ede5fdfcaa0,
title = "Breastfeeding and complementary feeding in relation to body mass index and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y: A path analysis within the Danish National Birth Cohort",
abstract = "Background: Infant feeding may play an important role in the development of childhood overweight and obesity.Objective: The objective of this study was to examine whether duration of breastfeeding (BF), timing of introduction of complementary food, and protein intake at age 18 mo are associated with body mass index [BMI (measured in kg/m2)] and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y, independent of BMI during infancy.Design: Children participating in the Danish National Birth Cohort were followed up at ages 7 and 11 y. Information on infant feeding, protein intake at age 18 mo, Ponderal Index at birth, child BMI (at ages 5 mo, 12 mo, 7 y, and 11 y), and several parental factors was available. Path analysis was used to assess the direct and indirect effects of infant feeding on BMI z scores (BMIz) at ages 7 (n = 36,481) and 11 y (n = 22,047). Logistic regression analyses were used to examine associations with overweight.Results: Duration of BF was not associated with childhood BMIz at ages 7 and 11 y. Earlier introduction of complementary food (<4 mo old) was not associated with BMIz at age 7 y, but with a 0.069 (95{\%} CI: 0.021, 0.117, P = 0.005) higher BMIz at age 11 y and increased risk of overweight at age 11 y (OR 1.44; 95{\%} CI: 1.04, 2.00; P = 0.03). Protein intake from dairy products (per 5 g/d) was associated with higher BMIz only at age 7 y (OR: 0.012; 95{\%} CI: 0.003, 0.021; P = 0.007). Protein intake from meat and fish (per 2 g/d) was associated with a 0.010 (95{\%} CI: 0.004, 0.017; P = 0.003) higher BMIz at age 7 y, a 0.013 (95{\%} CI: 0.005, 0.020; P = 0.002) higher BMIz at age 11 y and increased odds of overweight at age 7 y (OR: 1.07; 95{\%} CI: 1.03, 1.10; P < 0.001), but not at age 11 y.Conclusions: Intake of protein from meat and fish at age 18 mo was associated with higher BMIz and risk of overweight in childhood. However, the effect sizes were small. Early introduction of complementary food may be associated with child BMIz and child overweight. This study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03334760.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Breastfeeding, Intake of protein, Complementary food, Childhood obesity, Cohort study",
author = "Morgen, {Camilla Schmidt} and Lars {\"A}ngquist and Baker, {Jennifer Lyn} and {Nybo Andersen}, Anne-Marie and S{\o}rensen, {Thorkild I.A.} and Michaelsen, {Kim F.}",
note = "CURIS 2018 NEXS 106",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1093/ajcn/nqx058",
language = "English",
volume = "107",
pages = "313--322",
journal = "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0002-9165",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Breastfeeding and complementary feeding in relation to body mass index and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y

T2 - A path analysis within the Danish National Birth Cohort

AU - Morgen, Camilla Schmidt

AU - Ängquist, Lars

AU - Baker, Jennifer Lyn

AU - Nybo Andersen, Anne-Marie

AU - Sørensen, Thorkild I.A.

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

N1 - CURIS 2018 NEXS 106

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background: Infant feeding may play an important role in the development of childhood overweight and obesity.Objective: The objective of this study was to examine whether duration of breastfeeding (BF), timing of introduction of complementary food, and protein intake at age 18 mo are associated with body mass index [BMI (measured in kg/m2)] and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y, independent of BMI during infancy.Design: Children participating in the Danish National Birth Cohort were followed up at ages 7 and 11 y. Information on infant feeding, protein intake at age 18 mo, Ponderal Index at birth, child BMI (at ages 5 mo, 12 mo, 7 y, and 11 y), and several parental factors was available. Path analysis was used to assess the direct and indirect effects of infant feeding on BMI z scores (BMIz) at ages 7 (n = 36,481) and 11 y (n = 22,047). Logistic regression analyses were used to examine associations with overweight.Results: Duration of BF was not associated with childhood BMIz at ages 7 and 11 y. Earlier introduction of complementary food (<4 mo old) was not associated with BMIz at age 7 y, but with a 0.069 (95% CI: 0.021, 0.117, P = 0.005) higher BMIz at age 11 y and increased risk of overweight at age 11 y (OR 1.44; 95% CI: 1.04, 2.00; P = 0.03). Protein intake from dairy products (per 5 g/d) was associated with higher BMIz only at age 7 y (OR: 0.012; 95% CI: 0.003, 0.021; P = 0.007). Protein intake from meat and fish (per 2 g/d) was associated with a 0.010 (95% CI: 0.004, 0.017; P = 0.003) higher BMIz at age 7 y, a 0.013 (95% CI: 0.005, 0.020; P = 0.002) higher BMIz at age 11 y and increased odds of overweight at age 7 y (OR: 1.07; 95% CI: 1.03, 1.10; P < 0.001), but not at age 11 y.Conclusions: Intake of protein from meat and fish at age 18 mo was associated with higher BMIz and risk of overweight in childhood. However, the effect sizes were small. Early introduction of complementary food may be associated with child BMIz and child overweight. This study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03334760.

AB - Background: Infant feeding may play an important role in the development of childhood overweight and obesity.Objective: The objective of this study was to examine whether duration of breastfeeding (BF), timing of introduction of complementary food, and protein intake at age 18 mo are associated with body mass index [BMI (measured in kg/m2)] and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y, independent of BMI during infancy.Design: Children participating in the Danish National Birth Cohort were followed up at ages 7 and 11 y. Information on infant feeding, protein intake at age 18 mo, Ponderal Index at birth, child BMI (at ages 5 mo, 12 mo, 7 y, and 11 y), and several parental factors was available. Path analysis was used to assess the direct and indirect effects of infant feeding on BMI z scores (BMIz) at ages 7 (n = 36,481) and 11 y (n = 22,047). Logistic regression analyses were used to examine associations with overweight.Results: Duration of BF was not associated with childhood BMIz at ages 7 and 11 y. Earlier introduction of complementary food (<4 mo old) was not associated with BMIz at age 7 y, but with a 0.069 (95% CI: 0.021, 0.117, P = 0.005) higher BMIz at age 11 y and increased risk of overweight at age 11 y (OR 1.44; 95% CI: 1.04, 2.00; P = 0.03). Protein intake from dairy products (per 5 g/d) was associated with higher BMIz only at age 7 y (OR: 0.012; 95% CI: 0.003, 0.021; P = 0.007). Protein intake from meat and fish (per 2 g/d) was associated with a 0.010 (95% CI: 0.004, 0.017; P = 0.003) higher BMIz at age 7 y, a 0.013 (95% CI: 0.005, 0.020; P = 0.002) higher BMIz at age 11 y and increased odds of overweight at age 7 y (OR: 1.07; 95% CI: 1.03, 1.10; P < 0.001), but not at age 11 y.Conclusions: Intake of protein from meat and fish at age 18 mo was associated with higher BMIz and risk of overweight in childhood. However, the effect sizes were small. Early introduction of complementary food may be associated with child BMIz and child overweight. This study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03334760.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Breastfeeding

KW - Intake of protein

KW - Complementary food

KW - Childhood obesity

KW - Cohort study

U2 - 10.1093/ajcn/nqx058

DO - 10.1093/ajcn/nqx058

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29566190

VL - 107

SP - 313

EP - 322

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 194517979