Associations between vitamin D status and type 2 diabetes measures among Inuit in Greenland may be affected by other factors

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt


  • Nina O Nielsen
  • Peter Bjerregaard
  • Pernille F Rønn
  • Friis, Henrik
  • Stig Andersen
  • Mads Melbye
  • Marika Lundqvist
  • Arieh S Cohen
  • David M Hougaard
  • Marit E Jørgensen

OBJECTIVE: Epidemiological studies have provided evidence of an association between vitamin D insufficiency and type 2 diabetes. Vitamin D levels have decreased among Inuit in Greenland, and type 2 diabetes is increasing. We hypothesized that the decline in vitamin D could have contributed to the increase in type 2 diabetes, and therefore investigated associations between serum 25(OH)D3 as a measure of vitamin D status and glucose homeostasis and glucose intolerance in an adult Inuit population.

METHODS: 2877 Inuit (≥18 years) randomly selected for participation in the Inuit Health in Transition study were included. Fasting- and 2hour plasma glucose and insulin, C-peptide and HbA1c were measured, and associations with serum 25(OH)D3 were analysed using linear and logistic regression. A subsample of 330 individuals who also donated a blood sample in 1987, were furthermore included.

RESULTS: After adjustment, increasing serum 25(OH)D3 (per 10 nmol/L) was associated with higher fasting plasma glucose (0.02 mmol/L, p = 0.004), 2hour plasma glucose (0.05 nmol/L, p = 0.002) and HbA1c (0.39%, p<0.001), and with lower beta-cell function (-1.00 mmol/L, p<0.001). Serum 25(OH)D3 was positively associated with impaired fasting glycaemia (OR: 1.08, p = 0.001), but not with IGT or type 2 diabetes.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results did not support an association between low vitamin D levels and risk of type 2 diabetes. Instead, we found weak positive associations between vitamin D levels and fasting- and 2hour plasma glucose levels, HbA1c and impaired fasting glycaemia, and a negative association with beta-cell function, underlining the need for determination of the causal relationship.

TidsskriftP L o S One
Udgave nummer4
Antal sider13
StatusUdgivet - 2016

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CURIS 2016 NEXS 123

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