Associations between school meal-induced dietary changes and metabolic syndrome markers in 8-11-year-old Danish children

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Standard

Associations between school meal-induced dietary changes and metabolic syndrome markers in 8-11-year-old Danish children. / Damsgaard, Camilla Trab; Ritz, Christian; Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde; Landberg, Rikard; Stark, Ken D; Biltoft-Jensen, Anja; Tetens, Inge; Astrup, Arne; Michaelsen, Kim F.; Lauritzen, Lotte.

I: European Journal of Nutrition, Bind 55, Nr. 5, 2016, s. 1973-1984.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Damsgaard, CT, Ritz, C, Dalskov, S-M, Landberg, R, Stark, KD, Biltoft-Jensen, A, Tetens, I, Astrup, A, Michaelsen, KF & Lauritzen, L 2016, 'Associations between school meal-induced dietary changes and metabolic syndrome markers in 8-11-year-old Danish children', European Journal of Nutrition, bind 55, nr. 5, s. 1973-1984. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1013-z

APA

Damsgaard, C. T., Ritz, C., Dalskov, S-M., Landberg, R., Stark, K. D., Biltoft-Jensen, A., ... Lauritzen, L. (2016). Associations between school meal-induced dietary changes and metabolic syndrome markers in 8-11-year-old Danish children. European Journal of Nutrition, 55(5), 1973-1984. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1013-z

Vancouver

Damsgaard CT, Ritz C, Dalskov S-M, Landberg R, Stark KD, Biltoft-Jensen A o.a. Associations between school meal-induced dietary changes and metabolic syndrome markers in 8-11-year-old Danish children. European Journal of Nutrition. 2016;55(5):1973-1984. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1013-z

Author

Damsgaard, Camilla Trab ; Ritz, Christian ; Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde ; Landberg, Rikard ; Stark, Ken D ; Biltoft-Jensen, Anja ; Tetens, Inge ; Astrup, Arne ; Michaelsen, Kim F. ; Lauritzen, Lotte. / Associations between school meal-induced dietary changes and metabolic syndrome markers in 8-11-year-old Danish children. I: European Journal of Nutrition. 2016 ; Bind 55, Nr. 5. s. 1973-1984.

Bibtex

@article{9f91fd3435dd4df29c4df4497770fd17,
title = "Associations between school meal-induced dietary changes and metabolic syndrome markers in 8-11-year-old Danish children",
abstract = "PURPOSE: We recently showed that provision of Nordic school meals rich in fish, vegetables and potatoes and with reduced intakes of fat improved blood pressure, insulin resistance assessed by the homeostatic model (HOMA-IR), and plasma triacylglycerol despite increasing waist circumference in Danish 8-11-year-olds. This study explored whether intake or biomarkers of key dietary components in the schools meals were associated with these metabolic syndrome (MetS) markers during the 6-month intervention.METHODS: Data from 7-day dietary records and measurements of whole-blood docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), blood pressure, fasting blood MetS markers, waist circumference and android/total fat mass assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry collected at baseline, 3 and 6 months from 523 children were analyzed in linear mixed-effects models adjusted for puberty, growth and fasting.RESULTS: After adjustment for multiple testing, whole-blood DHA was negatively associated with HOMA-IR (P < 0.001) and triacylglycerol (P < 0.0001). Potato intake was positively associated with waist circumference (P < 0.01), but not with android/total fat mass (P = 0.94). Intakes of whole-grain as well as dietary fiber, protein and fat were not associated with any of the MetS markers.CONCLUSIONS: DHA in whole-blood, an indicator of DHA and fish intake, seemed to be the main diet-related predictor of the beneficial effects of the school meals on MetS markers. Increased potato intake was associated with increased waist circumference, but this may not only be due to an increase in abdominal fat, as no association was seen with fat distribution.",
author = "Damsgaard, {Camilla Trab} and Christian Ritz and Stine-Mathilde Dalskov and Rikard Landberg and Stark, {Ken D} and Anja Biltoft-Jensen and Inge Tetens and Arne Astrup and Michaelsen, {Kim F.} and Lotte Lauritzen",
note = "CURIS 2016 NEXS 124",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1007/s00394-015-1013-z",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "1973--1984",
journal = "European Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1436-6207",
publisher = "Springer Medizin",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between school meal-induced dietary changes and metabolic syndrome markers in 8-11-year-old Danish children

AU - Damsgaard, Camilla Trab

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde

AU - Landberg, Rikard

AU - Stark, Ken D

AU - Biltoft-Jensen, Anja

AU - Tetens, Inge

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

AU - Lauritzen, Lotte

N1 - CURIS 2016 NEXS 124

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - PURPOSE: We recently showed that provision of Nordic school meals rich in fish, vegetables and potatoes and with reduced intakes of fat improved blood pressure, insulin resistance assessed by the homeostatic model (HOMA-IR), and plasma triacylglycerol despite increasing waist circumference in Danish 8-11-year-olds. This study explored whether intake or biomarkers of key dietary components in the schools meals were associated with these metabolic syndrome (MetS) markers during the 6-month intervention.METHODS: Data from 7-day dietary records and measurements of whole-blood docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), blood pressure, fasting blood MetS markers, waist circumference and android/total fat mass assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry collected at baseline, 3 and 6 months from 523 children were analyzed in linear mixed-effects models adjusted for puberty, growth and fasting.RESULTS: After adjustment for multiple testing, whole-blood DHA was negatively associated with HOMA-IR (P < 0.001) and triacylglycerol (P < 0.0001). Potato intake was positively associated with waist circumference (P < 0.01), but not with android/total fat mass (P = 0.94). Intakes of whole-grain as well as dietary fiber, protein and fat were not associated with any of the MetS markers.CONCLUSIONS: DHA in whole-blood, an indicator of DHA and fish intake, seemed to be the main diet-related predictor of the beneficial effects of the school meals on MetS markers. Increased potato intake was associated with increased waist circumference, but this may not only be due to an increase in abdominal fat, as no association was seen with fat distribution.

AB - PURPOSE: We recently showed that provision of Nordic school meals rich in fish, vegetables and potatoes and with reduced intakes of fat improved blood pressure, insulin resistance assessed by the homeostatic model (HOMA-IR), and plasma triacylglycerol despite increasing waist circumference in Danish 8-11-year-olds. This study explored whether intake or biomarkers of key dietary components in the schools meals were associated with these metabolic syndrome (MetS) markers during the 6-month intervention.METHODS: Data from 7-day dietary records and measurements of whole-blood docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), blood pressure, fasting blood MetS markers, waist circumference and android/total fat mass assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry collected at baseline, 3 and 6 months from 523 children were analyzed in linear mixed-effects models adjusted for puberty, growth and fasting.RESULTS: After adjustment for multiple testing, whole-blood DHA was negatively associated with HOMA-IR (P < 0.001) and triacylglycerol (P < 0.0001). Potato intake was positively associated with waist circumference (P < 0.01), but not with android/total fat mass (P = 0.94). Intakes of whole-grain as well as dietary fiber, protein and fat were not associated with any of the MetS markers.CONCLUSIONS: DHA in whole-blood, an indicator of DHA and fish intake, seemed to be the main diet-related predictor of the beneficial effects of the school meals on MetS markers. Increased potato intake was associated with increased waist circumference, but this may not only be due to an increase in abdominal fat, as no association was seen with fat distribution.

U2 - 10.1007/s00394-015-1013-z

DO - 10.1007/s00394-015-1013-z

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27084093

VL - 55

SP - 1973

EP - 1984

JO - European Journal of Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1436-6207

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 160998152