Assessing herbicide symptoms by using a logarithmic field sprayer

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Background: In field experiments, assessment of herbicide selectivity and efficacy is rarely taking advantage of dose-response regressions. The objective is to demonstrate that logarithmic sprayers, which automatically make a logarithmic dilution of a herbicide rate, can extract biologically relevant parameters describing the efficacy of herbicides in crops, compare localities, and time of assessment.

Results: In a conventional and an organic field, canola, white mustard, and no crop plots were sprayed with diflufenican and beflubutamid. A mixed effect log-logistic dose-response regression, with autoregressive correlation structure, estimated ED50 and ED90, for visual and Excess Green Index symptoms at various Days After Treatment (DAT). For visual assessment, ED50 differed within no crop between locations for beflubutamid at 12 DAT and 26 DAT. For diflufenican, the ED50 was different within crops at the two fields at 12DAT, but not at 26 DAT. The Excess Green Indices at ED50 were not different among herbicides, locations and corps; ED90 differed for white mustard and canola for beflubutamid but not for diflufenican.

Conclusion: Suitable nonlinear regression models are now available for fitting dose-response data from a logarithmic sprayer in field experiments. The derived parameters (e.g., ED50 ) can compare selectivity and efficacy at numerous cropping systems. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

TidsskriftPest Management Science
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1166-1171
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2019

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2019 NEXS 208

ID: 204306874