A multicenter, randomized controlled comparison of three renutrition strategies for the management of moderate acute malnutrition among children aged from 6 to 24 months (the MALINEA project)

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt


  • Muriel Vray
  • Boris G Hedible
  • Pierrick Adam
  • Laura Tondeur
  • Alexandre Manirazika
  • Rindra Randremanana
  • Halima Mainassara
  • André Briend
  • Cecile Artaud
  • Cassandre Von Platen
  • Mathias Altmann
  • Ronan Jambou

Background: The aim of this open-label, randomized controlled trial conducted in four African countries (Madagascar, Niger, Central African Republic, and Senegal) is to compare three strategies of renutrition for moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in children based on modulation of the gut microbiota with enriched flours alone, enriched flours with prebiotics or enriched flours coupled with antibiotic treatment.

Methods: To be included, children aged between 6 months and 2 years are preselected based on mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) and are included based on a weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) between - 3 and - 2 standard deviations (SD). As per current protocols, children receive renutrition treatment for 12 weeks and are assessed weekly to determine improvement. The primary endpoint is recovery, defined by a WHZ ≥ - 1.5 SD after 12 weeks of treatment. Data collected include clinical and socioeconomic characteristics, side effects, compliance and tolerance to interventions. Metagenomic analysis of gut microbiota is conducted at inclusion, 3 months, and 6 months. The cognitive development of children is evaluated in Senegal using only the Developmental Milestones Checklist II (DMC II) questionnaire at inclusion and at 3, 6, and 9 months. The data will be correlated with renutrition efficacy and metagenomic data.

Discussion: This study will provide new insights for the treatment of MAM, as well as original data on the modulation of gut microbiota during the renutrition process to support (or not) the microbiota hypothesis of malnutrition.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: NCT03474276 Last update 28 May 2018.

Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 2018

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2018 NEXS 427

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