Women’s representation in politics: The effect of electoral systems

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Women’s representation in politics: The effect of electoral systems. / Gonzalez-Eiras, Martin; Sanz, Carlos.

In: Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 198, 104399, 01.06.2021, p. 1-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Gonzalez-Eiras, M & Sanz, C 2021, 'Women’s representation in politics: The effect of electoral systems', Journal of Public Economics, vol. 198, 104399, pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2021.104399

APA

Gonzalez-Eiras, M., & Sanz, C. (2021). Women’s representation in politics: The effect of electoral systems. Journal of Public Economics, 198, 1-17. [104399]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2021.104399

Vancouver

Gonzalez-Eiras M, Sanz C. Women’s representation in politics: The effect of electoral systems. Journal of Public Economics. 2021 Jun 1;198:1-17. 104399. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2021.104399

Author

Gonzalez-Eiras, Martin ; Sanz, Carlos. / Women’s representation in politics: The effect of electoral systems. In: Journal of Public Economics. 2021 ; Vol. 198. pp. 1-17.

Bibtex

@article{f94202b981f74909aa3c816a8488522b,
title = "Women{\textquoteright}s representation in politics: The effect of electoral systems",
abstract = "We study how electoral systems affect the presence of women in politics in the context of Spanish municipal elections, in which national law mandates that municipalities follow one of two electoral systems: a closed-list system in which voters pick one party-list, or an open-list system, in which voters pick individual candidates. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find that the closed-list system increases the share of women among candidates, councilors, and mayors, by 4.1, 4.8, and 7.1 percentage points, respectively. We develop a model that allows us to test for three possible mechanisms: gender differences in the supply of candidates between the electoral systems, voter bias, and party bias. Model estimation indicates that a combination of supply differences and party bias best explains the results.",
keywords = "Faculty of Social Sciences, voting, electoral systems, gender bias, regression discontinuity",
author = "Martin Gonzalez-Eiras and Carlos Sanz",
year = "2021",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpubeco.2021.104399",
language = "English",
volume = "198",
pages = "1--17",
journal = "Journal of Public Economics",
issn = "0047-2727",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Women’s representation in politics: The effect of electoral systems

AU - Gonzalez-Eiras, Martin

AU - Sanz, Carlos

PY - 2021/6/1

Y1 - 2021/6/1

N2 - We study how electoral systems affect the presence of women in politics in the context of Spanish municipal elections, in which national law mandates that municipalities follow one of two electoral systems: a closed-list system in which voters pick one party-list, or an open-list system, in which voters pick individual candidates. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find that the closed-list system increases the share of women among candidates, councilors, and mayors, by 4.1, 4.8, and 7.1 percentage points, respectively. We develop a model that allows us to test for three possible mechanisms: gender differences in the supply of candidates between the electoral systems, voter bias, and party bias. Model estimation indicates that a combination of supply differences and party bias best explains the results.

AB - We study how electoral systems affect the presence of women in politics in the context of Spanish municipal elections, in which national law mandates that municipalities follow one of two electoral systems: a closed-list system in which voters pick one party-list, or an open-list system, in which voters pick individual candidates. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find that the closed-list system increases the share of women among candidates, councilors, and mayors, by 4.1, 4.8, and 7.1 percentage points, respectively. We develop a model that allows us to test for three possible mechanisms: gender differences in the supply of candidates between the electoral systems, voter bias, and party bias. Model estimation indicates that a combination of supply differences and party bias best explains the results.

KW - Faculty of Social Sciences

KW - voting

KW - electoral systems

KW - gender bias

KW - regression discontinuity

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2021.104399

DO - 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2021.104399

M3 - Journal article

VL - 198

SP - 1

EP - 17

JO - Journal of Public Economics

JF - Journal of Public Economics

SN - 0047-2727

M1 - 104399

ER -

ID: 269863722