Weighing the evidence of common beliefs in obesity research

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Weighing the evidence of common beliefs in obesity research. / Casazza, Krista; Brown, Andrew; Astrup, Arne; Bertz, Fredrik; Baum, Charles; Bohan Brown, Michelle; Dawson, John; Durant, Nefertiti; Dutton, Gareth; Fields, David A; Fontaine, Kevin R; Heymsfield, Steven; Levitsky, David; Mehta, Tapan; Menachemi, Nir; Newby, P. K.; Pate, Russell; Raynor, Hollie; Rolls, Barbara J; Sen, Bisakha; Smith, Daniel L; Thomas, Diana; Wansink, Brian; Allison, David B.

In: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, Vol. 55, No. 14, 2015, p. 2014-2053.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Casazza, K, Brown, A, Astrup, A, Bertz, F, Baum, C, Bohan Brown, M, Dawson, J, Durant, N, Dutton, G, Fields, DA, Fontaine, KR, Heymsfield, S, Levitsky, D, Mehta, T, Menachemi, N, Newby, PK, Pate, R, Raynor, H, Rolls, BJ, Sen, B, Smith, DL, Thomas, D, Wansink, B & Allison, DB 2015, 'Weighing the evidence of common beliefs in obesity research', Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, vol. 55, no. 14, pp. 2014-2053. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2014.922044

APA

Casazza, K., Brown, A., Astrup, A., Bertz, F., Baum, C., Bohan Brown, M., ... Allison, D. B. (2015). Weighing the evidence of common beliefs in obesity research. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 55(14), 2014-2053. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2014.922044

Vancouver

Casazza K, Brown A, Astrup A, Bertz F, Baum C, Bohan Brown M et al. Weighing the evidence of common beliefs in obesity research. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2015;55(14):2014-2053. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2014.922044

Author

Casazza, Krista ; Brown, Andrew ; Astrup, Arne ; Bertz, Fredrik ; Baum, Charles ; Bohan Brown, Michelle ; Dawson, John ; Durant, Nefertiti ; Dutton, Gareth ; Fields, David A ; Fontaine, Kevin R ; Heymsfield, Steven ; Levitsky, David ; Mehta, Tapan ; Menachemi, Nir ; Newby, P. K. ; Pate, Russell ; Raynor, Hollie ; Rolls, Barbara J ; Sen, Bisakha ; Smith, Daniel L ; Thomas, Diana ; Wansink, Brian ; Allison, David B. / Weighing the evidence of common beliefs in obesity research. In: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2015 ; Vol. 55, No. 14. pp. 2014-2053.

Bibtex

@article{ca835e036dcf420f8357b6269f2b5a04,
title = "Weighing the evidence of common beliefs in obesity research",
abstract = "Abstract Obesity is a topic on which many views are strongly held in the absence of scientific evidence to support those views, and some views are strongly held despite evidence to contradict those views. We refer to the former as {"}presumptions{"} and the latter as {"}myths{"}. Here we present nine myths and ten presumptions surrounding the effects of rapid weight loss; setting realistic goals in weight loss therapy; stage of change or readiness to lose weight; physical education classes; breast-feeding; daily self-weighing; genetic contribution to obesity; the {"}Freshman 15{"}; food deserts; regularly eating (versus skipping) breakfast; eating close to bedtime; eating more fruits and vegetables; weight cycling (i.e. yo-yo dieting); snacking; built environment; reducing screen time in childhood obesity; portion size; participation in family mealtime; and drinking water as a means of weight-loss. For each of these, we describe the belief and present evidence that the belief is widely held or stated, reasons to support the conjecture that the belief might be true, evidence to directly support or refute the belief, and findings from randomized controlled trials, if available. We conclude with a discussion of the implications of these determinations, conjecture on why so many myths and presumptions exist, and suggestions for limiting the spread of these and other unsubstantiated beliefs about obesity domain.",
author = "Krista Casazza and Andrew Brown and Arne Astrup and Fredrik Bertz and Charles Baum and {Bohan Brown}, Michelle and John Dawson and Nefertiti Durant and Gareth Dutton and Fields, {David A} and Fontaine, {Kevin R} and Steven Heymsfield and David Levitsky and Tapan Mehta and Nir Menachemi and Newby, {P. K.} and Russell Pate and Hollie Raynor and Rolls, {Barbara J} and Bisakha Sen and Smith, {Daniel L} and Diana Thomas and Brian Wansink and Allison, {David B}",
note = "CURIS 2015 NEXS 206",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1080/10408398.2014.922044",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "2014--2053",
journal = "Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition",
issn = "1040-8398",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "14",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Weighing the evidence of common beliefs in obesity research

AU - Casazza, Krista

AU - Brown, Andrew

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Bertz, Fredrik

AU - Baum, Charles

AU - Bohan Brown, Michelle

AU - Dawson, John

AU - Durant, Nefertiti

AU - Dutton, Gareth

AU - Fields, David A

AU - Fontaine, Kevin R

AU - Heymsfield, Steven

AU - Levitsky, David

AU - Mehta, Tapan

AU - Menachemi, Nir

AU - Newby, P. K.

AU - Pate, Russell

AU - Raynor, Hollie

AU - Rolls, Barbara J

AU - Sen, Bisakha

AU - Smith, Daniel L

AU - Thomas, Diana

AU - Wansink, Brian

AU - Allison, David B

N1 - CURIS 2015 NEXS 206

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Abstract Obesity is a topic on which many views are strongly held in the absence of scientific evidence to support those views, and some views are strongly held despite evidence to contradict those views. We refer to the former as "presumptions" and the latter as "myths". Here we present nine myths and ten presumptions surrounding the effects of rapid weight loss; setting realistic goals in weight loss therapy; stage of change or readiness to lose weight; physical education classes; breast-feeding; daily self-weighing; genetic contribution to obesity; the "Freshman 15"; food deserts; regularly eating (versus skipping) breakfast; eating close to bedtime; eating more fruits and vegetables; weight cycling (i.e. yo-yo dieting); snacking; built environment; reducing screen time in childhood obesity; portion size; participation in family mealtime; and drinking water as a means of weight-loss. For each of these, we describe the belief and present evidence that the belief is widely held or stated, reasons to support the conjecture that the belief might be true, evidence to directly support or refute the belief, and findings from randomized controlled trials, if available. We conclude with a discussion of the implications of these determinations, conjecture on why so many myths and presumptions exist, and suggestions for limiting the spread of these and other unsubstantiated beliefs about obesity domain.

AB - Abstract Obesity is a topic on which many views are strongly held in the absence of scientific evidence to support those views, and some views are strongly held despite evidence to contradict those views. We refer to the former as "presumptions" and the latter as "myths". Here we present nine myths and ten presumptions surrounding the effects of rapid weight loss; setting realistic goals in weight loss therapy; stage of change or readiness to lose weight; physical education classes; breast-feeding; daily self-weighing; genetic contribution to obesity; the "Freshman 15"; food deserts; regularly eating (versus skipping) breakfast; eating close to bedtime; eating more fruits and vegetables; weight cycling (i.e. yo-yo dieting); snacking; built environment; reducing screen time in childhood obesity; portion size; participation in family mealtime; and drinking water as a means of weight-loss. For each of these, we describe the belief and present evidence that the belief is widely held or stated, reasons to support the conjecture that the belief might be true, evidence to directly support or refute the belief, and findings from randomized controlled trials, if available. We conclude with a discussion of the implications of these determinations, conjecture on why so many myths and presumptions exist, and suggestions for limiting the spread of these and other unsubstantiated beliefs about obesity domain.

U2 - 10.1080/10408398.2014.922044

DO - 10.1080/10408398.2014.922044

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24950157

VL - 55

SP - 2014

EP - 2053

JO - Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

JF - Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

SN - 1040-8398

IS - 14

ER -

ID: 131700441