Trans fat in foods in Iran, South-Eastern Europe, Caucasia and Central Asia: a market basket investigation

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Trans fat in foods in Iran, South-Eastern Europe, Caucasia and Central Asia : a market basket investigation. / Stender, Steen.

In: Food Policy, 01.03.2020.

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Stender, S 2020, 'Trans fat in foods in Iran, South-Eastern Europe, Caucasia and Central Asia: a market basket investigation', Food Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101877

APA

Stender, S. (2020). Trans fat in foods in Iran, South-Eastern Europe, Caucasia and Central Asia: a market basket investigation. Food Policy, [101877]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101877

Vancouver

Stender S. Trans fat in foods in Iran, South-Eastern Europe, Caucasia and Central Asia: a market basket investigation. Food Policy. 2020 Mar 1. 101877. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101877

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Stender, Steen. / Trans fat in foods in Iran, South-Eastern Europe, Caucasia and Central Asia : a market basket investigation. In: Food Policy. 2020.

Bibtex

@article{791f15fb272140a3895dc34a1de62c55,
title = "Trans fat in foods in Iran, South-Eastern Europe, Caucasia and Central Asia: a market basket investigation",
abstract = "Efforts to minimize the intake of industrial trans fat (I-TF) worldwide and thereby decrease the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) have recently been intensified by the WHO and other organizations. The purpose of this study was to estimate the amounts of I-TF in biscuits, cakes and wafers in Iran, Turkey and Greece and to examine the recent changes made to these food products in some of the countries of the former Soviet Union and the former Yugoslavia, where these food products were previously investigated for I-TF. Three large supermarkets were visited or revisited in each of the countries’ capitals from 2014 to 2019. Pre-packaged biscuits, cakes and wafers were purchased if the list of ingredients mentioned partially hydrogenated fat or a similar term, including margarine, refined fat or confectionery fat, and the product contained more than 15 g of total fat per 100 g of product. Samples of the foods were subsequently analysed for trans fat (TF). In 84 different products in Iran, TF was between 2{\%} and 5{\%} of total fat. In Turkey, 6 different products had TF between 2{\%} and 5{\%}, and in Greece, 11 products had TF between 2{\%} and 20{\%}. This finding is in stark contrast to the findings of 2{\%} to 50{\%} TF found in 50–100 products in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Georgia, Serbia, Slovenia, and Croatia in 2014–2015. In the 7 latter countries, there was a 40–80{\%} decline in the presence of TF from 2014/2015 to 2016/2019, but the findings indicate that in 2018/2019, high amounts of TF were still present in popular foods in some of these countries.",
keywords = "Central Asia, Coronary heart disease, Food policy, Iran, South-Eastern Europe, Trans fat",
author = "Steen Stender",
note = "CURIS 2020 NEXS 147",
year = "2020",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101877",
language = "English",
journal = "Food Policy",
issn = "0306-9192",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trans fat in foods in Iran, South-Eastern Europe, Caucasia and Central Asia

T2 - a market basket investigation

AU - Stender, Steen

N1 - CURIS 2020 NEXS 147

PY - 2020/3/1

Y1 - 2020/3/1

N2 - Efforts to minimize the intake of industrial trans fat (I-TF) worldwide and thereby decrease the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) have recently been intensified by the WHO and other organizations. The purpose of this study was to estimate the amounts of I-TF in biscuits, cakes and wafers in Iran, Turkey and Greece and to examine the recent changes made to these food products in some of the countries of the former Soviet Union and the former Yugoslavia, where these food products were previously investigated for I-TF. Three large supermarkets were visited or revisited in each of the countries’ capitals from 2014 to 2019. Pre-packaged biscuits, cakes and wafers were purchased if the list of ingredients mentioned partially hydrogenated fat or a similar term, including margarine, refined fat or confectionery fat, and the product contained more than 15 g of total fat per 100 g of product. Samples of the foods were subsequently analysed for trans fat (TF). In 84 different products in Iran, TF was between 2% and 5% of total fat. In Turkey, 6 different products had TF between 2% and 5%, and in Greece, 11 products had TF between 2% and 20%. This finding is in stark contrast to the findings of 2% to 50% TF found in 50–100 products in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Georgia, Serbia, Slovenia, and Croatia in 2014–2015. In the 7 latter countries, there was a 40–80% decline in the presence of TF from 2014/2015 to 2016/2019, but the findings indicate that in 2018/2019, high amounts of TF were still present in popular foods in some of these countries.

AB - Efforts to minimize the intake of industrial trans fat (I-TF) worldwide and thereby decrease the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) have recently been intensified by the WHO and other organizations. The purpose of this study was to estimate the amounts of I-TF in biscuits, cakes and wafers in Iran, Turkey and Greece and to examine the recent changes made to these food products in some of the countries of the former Soviet Union and the former Yugoslavia, where these food products were previously investigated for I-TF. Three large supermarkets were visited or revisited in each of the countries’ capitals from 2014 to 2019. Pre-packaged biscuits, cakes and wafers were purchased if the list of ingredients mentioned partially hydrogenated fat or a similar term, including margarine, refined fat or confectionery fat, and the product contained more than 15 g of total fat per 100 g of product. Samples of the foods were subsequently analysed for trans fat (TF). In 84 different products in Iran, TF was between 2% and 5% of total fat. In Turkey, 6 different products had TF between 2% and 5%, and in Greece, 11 products had TF between 2% and 20%. This finding is in stark contrast to the findings of 2% to 50% TF found in 50–100 products in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Georgia, Serbia, Slovenia, and Croatia in 2014–2015. In the 7 latter countries, there was a 40–80% decline in the presence of TF from 2014/2015 to 2016/2019, but the findings indicate that in 2018/2019, high amounts of TF were still present in popular foods in some of these countries.

KW - Central Asia

KW - Coronary heart disease

KW - Food policy

KW - Iran

KW - South-Eastern Europe

KW - Trans fat

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85081893578&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101877

DO - 10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101877

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85081893578

JO - Food Policy

JF - Food Policy

SN - 0306-9192

M1 - 101877

ER -

ID: 241088300