The role of protein and carbohydrates for long-term weight control: Lessons from the Diogenes trial

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Aurora Perez-Cornago
  • Marleen A. van Baak
  • Wim H. M. Saris
  • J. Alfredo Martínez
  • Astrup, Arne
Current therapies to manage obesity are based on energy restriction and physical activity promotion. However, the role of specific dietary components for long-term weight maintenance is under debate. This review aims to illustrate some lessons from the pan-European Diogenes study, a randomized, controlled dietary intervention study, which investigated the role of dietary protein and glycemic index (GI) on weight maintenance in overweight/obese European families. For 6 months, families were randomly assigned to five ad libitum weight-maintenance diets: lowprotein (LP)/low-GI (LGI), LP/high-GI (HGI), high-protein (HP)/LGI, HP/HGI, and a control diet. The main result was that the HP/LGI diet was more successful for maintaining weight loss, and has beneficial effects on cardiometabolic risks. Outcomes regarding gender, age, the model of delivery, genetic factors, and benefits on insulin sensitivity, cardiovascular
risk, bone turnover, and inflammation are also reported.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Nutrition Reports
Volume3
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)379-386
Number of pages8
ISSN2161-3311
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ID: 127193677