The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss: a randomized controlled trial

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss : a randomized controlled trial. / Dhurandhar, Emily J; Dawson, John; Alcorn, Amy; Larsen, Lesli Hingstrup; Thomas, Elizabeth A; Cardel, Michelle; Bourland, Ashley C; Astrup, Arne; St-Onge, Marie-Pierre; Hill, James O; Apovian, Caroline M; Shikany, James M; Allison, David B.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 100, No. 2, 2014, p. 507-513.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Dhurandhar, EJ, Dawson, J, Alcorn, A, Larsen, LH, Thomas, EA, Cardel, M, Bourland, AC, Astrup, A, St-Onge, M-P, Hill, JO, Apovian, CM, Shikany, JM & Allison, DB 2014, 'The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss: a randomized controlled trial', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 507-513. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.089573

APA

Dhurandhar, E. J., Dawson, J., Alcorn, A., Larsen, L. H., Thomas, E. A., Cardel, M., Bourland, A. C., Astrup, A., St-Onge, M-P., Hill, J. O., Apovian, C. M., Shikany, J. M., & Allison, D. B. (2014). The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 100(2), 507-513. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.089573

Vancouver

Dhurandhar EJ, Dawson J, Alcorn A, Larsen LH, Thomas EA, Cardel M et al. The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014;100(2):507-513. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.089573

Author

Dhurandhar, Emily J ; Dawson, John ; Alcorn, Amy ; Larsen, Lesli Hingstrup ; Thomas, Elizabeth A ; Cardel, Michelle ; Bourland, Ashley C ; Astrup, Arne ; St-Onge, Marie-Pierre ; Hill, James O ; Apovian, Caroline M ; Shikany, James M ; Allison, David B. / The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss : a randomized controlled trial. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014 ; Vol. 100, No. 2. pp. 507-513.

Bibtex

@article{b401bc4f76fc4c4a9d33ae7b5073d7c8,
title = "The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss: a randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Breakfast is associated with lower body weight in observational studies. Public health authorities commonly recommend breakfast consumption to reduce obesity, but the effectiveness of adopting these recommendations for reducing body weight is unknown.OBJECTIVE: We tested the relative effectiveness of a recommendation to eat or skip breakfast on weight loss in adults trying to lose weight in a free-living setting.DESIGN: We conducted a multisite, 16-wk, 3-parallel-arm randomized controlled trial in otherwise healthy overweight and obese adults [body mass index (in kg/m(2)) between 25 and 40] aged 20-65 y. Our primary outcome was weight change. We compared weight change in a control group with weight loss in experimental groups told to eat breakfast or to skip breakfast [no breakfast (NB)]. Randomization was stratified by prerandomization breakfast eating habits. A total of 309 participants were randomly assigned.RESULTS: A total of 283 of the 309 participants who were randomly assigned completed the intervention. Treatment assignment did not have a significant effect on weight loss, and there was no interaction between initial breakfast eating status and treatment. Among skippers, mean (±SD) baseline weight-, age-, sex-, site-, and race-adjusted weight changes were -0.71 ± 1.16, -0.76 ± 1.26, and -0.61 ± 1.18 kg for the control, breakfast, and NB groups, respectively. Among breakfast consumers, mean (±SD) baseline weight-, age-, sex-, site-, and race-adjusted weight changes were -0.53 ± 1.16, -0.59 ± 1.06, and -0.71 ± 1.17 kg for the control, breakfast, and NB groups, respectively. Self-reported compliance with the recommendation was 93.6% for the breakfast group and 92.4% for the NB group.Conclusions: A recommendation to eat or skip breakfast for weight loss was effective at changing self-reported breakfast eating habits, but contrary to widely espoused views this had no discernable effect on weight loss in free-living adults who were attempting to lose weight. This trial was registered at clinicaltrails.gov as NCT01781780.",
author = "Dhurandhar, {Emily J} and John Dawson and Amy Alcorn and Larsen, {Lesli Hingstrup} and Thomas, {Elizabeth A} and Michelle Cardel and Bourland, {Ashley C} and Arne Astrup and Marie-Pierre St-Onge and Hill, {James O} and Apovian, {Caroline M} and Shikany, {James M} and Allison, {David B}",
note = "CURIS 2014 NEXS 171",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.3945/ajcn.114.089573",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "507--513",
journal = "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0002-9165",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss

T2 - a randomized controlled trial

AU - Dhurandhar, Emily J

AU - Dawson, John

AU - Alcorn, Amy

AU - Larsen, Lesli Hingstrup

AU - Thomas, Elizabeth A

AU - Cardel, Michelle

AU - Bourland, Ashley C

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - St-Onge, Marie-Pierre

AU - Hill, James O

AU - Apovian, Caroline M

AU - Shikany, James M

AU - Allison, David B

N1 - CURIS 2014 NEXS 171

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - BACKGROUND: Breakfast is associated with lower body weight in observational studies. Public health authorities commonly recommend breakfast consumption to reduce obesity, but the effectiveness of adopting these recommendations for reducing body weight is unknown.OBJECTIVE: We tested the relative effectiveness of a recommendation to eat or skip breakfast on weight loss in adults trying to lose weight in a free-living setting.DESIGN: We conducted a multisite, 16-wk, 3-parallel-arm randomized controlled trial in otherwise healthy overweight and obese adults [body mass index (in kg/m(2)) between 25 and 40] aged 20-65 y. Our primary outcome was weight change. We compared weight change in a control group with weight loss in experimental groups told to eat breakfast or to skip breakfast [no breakfast (NB)]. Randomization was stratified by prerandomization breakfast eating habits. A total of 309 participants were randomly assigned.RESULTS: A total of 283 of the 309 participants who were randomly assigned completed the intervention. Treatment assignment did not have a significant effect on weight loss, and there was no interaction between initial breakfast eating status and treatment. Among skippers, mean (±SD) baseline weight-, age-, sex-, site-, and race-adjusted weight changes were -0.71 ± 1.16, -0.76 ± 1.26, and -0.61 ± 1.18 kg for the control, breakfast, and NB groups, respectively. Among breakfast consumers, mean (±SD) baseline weight-, age-, sex-, site-, and race-adjusted weight changes were -0.53 ± 1.16, -0.59 ± 1.06, and -0.71 ± 1.17 kg for the control, breakfast, and NB groups, respectively. Self-reported compliance with the recommendation was 93.6% for the breakfast group and 92.4% for the NB group.Conclusions: A recommendation to eat or skip breakfast for weight loss was effective at changing self-reported breakfast eating habits, but contrary to widely espoused views this had no discernable effect on weight loss in free-living adults who were attempting to lose weight. This trial was registered at clinicaltrails.gov as NCT01781780.

AB - BACKGROUND: Breakfast is associated with lower body weight in observational studies. Public health authorities commonly recommend breakfast consumption to reduce obesity, but the effectiveness of adopting these recommendations for reducing body weight is unknown.OBJECTIVE: We tested the relative effectiveness of a recommendation to eat or skip breakfast on weight loss in adults trying to lose weight in a free-living setting.DESIGN: We conducted a multisite, 16-wk, 3-parallel-arm randomized controlled trial in otherwise healthy overweight and obese adults [body mass index (in kg/m(2)) between 25 and 40] aged 20-65 y. Our primary outcome was weight change. We compared weight change in a control group with weight loss in experimental groups told to eat breakfast or to skip breakfast [no breakfast (NB)]. Randomization was stratified by prerandomization breakfast eating habits. A total of 309 participants were randomly assigned.RESULTS: A total of 283 of the 309 participants who were randomly assigned completed the intervention. Treatment assignment did not have a significant effect on weight loss, and there was no interaction between initial breakfast eating status and treatment. Among skippers, mean (±SD) baseline weight-, age-, sex-, site-, and race-adjusted weight changes were -0.71 ± 1.16, -0.76 ± 1.26, and -0.61 ± 1.18 kg for the control, breakfast, and NB groups, respectively. Among breakfast consumers, mean (±SD) baseline weight-, age-, sex-, site-, and race-adjusted weight changes were -0.53 ± 1.16, -0.59 ± 1.06, and -0.71 ± 1.17 kg for the control, breakfast, and NB groups, respectively. Self-reported compliance with the recommendation was 93.6% for the breakfast group and 92.4% for the NB group.Conclusions: A recommendation to eat or skip breakfast for weight loss was effective at changing self-reported breakfast eating habits, but contrary to widely espoused views this had no discernable effect on weight loss in free-living adults who were attempting to lose weight. This trial was registered at clinicaltrails.gov as NCT01781780.

U2 - 10.3945/ajcn.114.089573

DO - 10.3945/ajcn.114.089573

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24898236

VL - 100

SP - 507

EP - 513

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 113631078