Socio-economic differences in cardiometabolic risk markers are mediated by diet and body fatness in 8- to 11-year-old Danish children: A cross-sectional study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Socio-economic differences in cardiometabolic risk markers are mediated by diet and body fatness in 8- to 11-year-old Danish children : A cross-sectional study. / Hauger, Hanne; Groth, Margit Velsing; Ritz, Christian; Biltoft-Jensen, Anja; Andersen, Rikke; Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde; Hjorth, Mads Fiil; Sjödin, Anders Mikael; Astrup, Arne; Michaelsen, Kim F.; Damsgaard, Camilla Trab.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 19, No. 12, 2016, p. 2229-2239.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hauger, H, Groth, MV, Ritz, C, Biltoft-Jensen, A, Andersen, R, Dalskov, S-M, Hjorth, MF, Sjödin, AM, Astrup, A, Michaelsen, KF & Damsgaard, CT 2016, 'Socio-economic differences in cardiometabolic risk markers are mediated by diet and body fatness in 8- to 11-year-old Danish children: A cross-sectional study', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 2229-2239. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980015003766

APA

Hauger, H., Groth, M. V., Ritz, C., Biltoft-Jensen, A., Andersen, R., Dalskov, S-M., ... Damsgaard, C. T. (2016). Socio-economic differences in cardiometabolic risk markers are mediated by diet and body fatness in 8- to 11-year-old Danish children: A cross-sectional study. Public Health Nutrition, 19(12), 2229-2239. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980015003766

Vancouver

Hauger H, Groth MV, Ritz C, Biltoft-Jensen A, Andersen R, Dalskov S-M et al. Socio-economic differences in cardiometabolic risk markers are mediated by diet and body fatness in 8- to 11-year-old Danish children: A cross-sectional study. Public Health Nutrition. 2016;19(12):2229-2239. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980015003766

Author

Hauger, Hanne ; Groth, Margit Velsing ; Ritz, Christian ; Biltoft-Jensen, Anja ; Andersen, Rikke ; Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde ; Hjorth, Mads Fiil ; Sjödin, Anders Mikael ; Astrup, Arne ; Michaelsen, Kim F. ; Damsgaard, Camilla Trab. / Socio-economic differences in cardiometabolic risk markers are mediated by diet and body fatness in 8- to 11-year-old Danish children : A cross-sectional study. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2016 ; Vol. 19, No. 12. pp. 2229-2239.

Bibtex

@article{5f7d065a82f441ff9f322b425edc6350,
title = "Socio-economic differences in cardiometabolic risk markers are mediated by diet and body fatness in 8- to 11-year-old Danish children: A cross-sectional study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To explore whether socio-economic differences exist in cardiometabolic risk markers in children and whether lifestyle-related factors potentially mediate these differences.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study including measurements of fasting blood lipids, glucose, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), blood pressure and heart rate. Potential mediators examined were fat mass index (FMI); intakes of fruit, vegetables, dietary fibre and added sugar; whole-blood n-3 long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) as a biomarker of fish intake; and physical activity and sedentary time.SETTING: Nine primary schools in Denmark.SUBJECTS: Children aged 8-11 years (n 715).RESULTS: Children of parents with the shortest compared with longest education had higher TAG by 0·12 (95 {\%} CI 0·04, 0·21) mmol/l and HOMA-IR by 0·36 (0·10, 0·62), whereas children of parents with a vocational education had higher total cholesterol by 0·14 (0·02, 0·27) mmol/l and LDL cholesterol by 0·14 (0·03, 0·25) mmol/l compared with children of parents with the longest education; all P<0·05. FMI explained 25 {\%} of the difference in TAG, 64 {\%} of the difference in HOMA-IR and 21–29 {\%} of the differences in cholesterols. FMI and whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA combined explained 42 {\%} of the difference in TAG, whereas FMI, whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA and dietary fibre explained 89 {\%} of the difference in HOMA-IR.CONCLUSIONS: Socio-economic differences were present in blood lipids and insulin resistance among 8- to 11-year-olds and were mediated by body fatness, whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA and dietary fibre. These lifestyle factors may be targets in public initiatives to reduce socio-economic differences. Confirmation in longitudinal studies and trials is warranted.",
author = "Hanne Hauger and Groth, {Margit Velsing} and Christian Ritz and Anja Biltoft-Jensen and Rikke Andersen and Stine-Mathilde Dalskov and Hjorth, {Mads Fiil} and Sj{\"o}din, {Anders Mikael} and Arne Astrup and Michaelsen, {Kim F.} and Damsgaard, {Camilla Trab}",
note = "CURIS 2016 NEXS 076",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1017/S1368980015003766",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "2229--2239",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Socio-economic differences in cardiometabolic risk markers are mediated by diet and body fatness in 8- to 11-year-old Danish children

T2 - A cross-sectional study

AU - Hauger, Hanne

AU - Groth, Margit Velsing

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Biltoft-Jensen, Anja

AU - Andersen, Rikke

AU - Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde

AU - Hjorth, Mads Fiil

AU - Sjödin, Anders Mikael

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

AU - Damsgaard, Camilla Trab

N1 - CURIS 2016 NEXS 076

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To explore whether socio-economic differences exist in cardiometabolic risk markers in children and whether lifestyle-related factors potentially mediate these differences.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study including measurements of fasting blood lipids, glucose, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), blood pressure and heart rate. Potential mediators examined were fat mass index (FMI); intakes of fruit, vegetables, dietary fibre and added sugar; whole-blood n-3 long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) as a biomarker of fish intake; and physical activity and sedentary time.SETTING: Nine primary schools in Denmark.SUBJECTS: Children aged 8-11 years (n 715).RESULTS: Children of parents with the shortest compared with longest education had higher TAG by 0·12 (95 % CI 0·04, 0·21) mmol/l and HOMA-IR by 0·36 (0·10, 0·62), whereas children of parents with a vocational education had higher total cholesterol by 0·14 (0·02, 0·27) mmol/l and LDL cholesterol by 0·14 (0·03, 0·25) mmol/l compared with children of parents with the longest education; all P<0·05. FMI explained 25 % of the difference in TAG, 64 % of the difference in HOMA-IR and 21–29 % of the differences in cholesterols. FMI and whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA combined explained 42 % of the difference in TAG, whereas FMI, whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA and dietary fibre explained 89 % of the difference in HOMA-IR.CONCLUSIONS: Socio-economic differences were present in blood lipids and insulin resistance among 8- to 11-year-olds and were mediated by body fatness, whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA and dietary fibre. These lifestyle factors may be targets in public initiatives to reduce socio-economic differences. Confirmation in longitudinal studies and trials is warranted.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To explore whether socio-economic differences exist in cardiometabolic risk markers in children and whether lifestyle-related factors potentially mediate these differences.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study including measurements of fasting blood lipids, glucose, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), blood pressure and heart rate. Potential mediators examined were fat mass index (FMI); intakes of fruit, vegetables, dietary fibre and added sugar; whole-blood n-3 long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) as a biomarker of fish intake; and physical activity and sedentary time.SETTING: Nine primary schools in Denmark.SUBJECTS: Children aged 8-11 years (n 715).RESULTS: Children of parents with the shortest compared with longest education had higher TAG by 0·12 (95 % CI 0·04, 0·21) mmol/l and HOMA-IR by 0·36 (0·10, 0·62), whereas children of parents with a vocational education had higher total cholesterol by 0·14 (0·02, 0·27) mmol/l and LDL cholesterol by 0·14 (0·03, 0·25) mmol/l compared with children of parents with the longest education; all P<0·05. FMI explained 25 % of the difference in TAG, 64 % of the difference in HOMA-IR and 21–29 % of the differences in cholesterols. FMI and whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA combined explained 42 % of the difference in TAG, whereas FMI, whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA and dietary fibre explained 89 % of the difference in HOMA-IR.CONCLUSIONS: Socio-economic differences were present in blood lipids and insulin resistance among 8- to 11-year-olds and were mediated by body fatness, whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA and dietary fibre. These lifestyle factors may be targets in public initiatives to reduce socio-economic differences. Confirmation in longitudinal studies and trials is warranted.

U2 - 10.1017/S1368980015003766

DO - 10.1017/S1368980015003766

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26926594

VL - 19

SP - 2229

EP - 2239

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 12

ER -

ID: 157280273