Peaceful Change in Western Europe: From Balance of Power to Political Community?

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This chapter traces three different conceptions of peaceful change in Western Europe since 1945 and discusses their implications for understanding peaceful change in Western Europe today. The first is Hobbesian Western Europe. Corresponding to a largely realist understanding, Hobbesians view peaceful change in Western Europe as a by-product of balancing and hegemony in the Cold War. The second is Lockean Western Europe. Corresponding to a largely liberal understanding of peaceful change, the Lockean perspective views peaceful change in the region as the product of liberal democratic states responding rationally to the challenges of international anarchy by institutionalizing the region. The third is Kantian Western Europe. Corresponding to a largely constructivist understanding of peaceful change, Kantians view peaceful change in Europe as the construction of a civil league of nations exercising ‘normative power Europe’ inside and outside the region.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Peaceful Change in International Relations
EditorsT.V. Paul, Deborah Welch Larson, Harold A. Trinkunas, Anders Wivel, Ralf Emmers
Number of pages586
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
Publication date2021
Pages569
ISBN (Print)9780190097356
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

ID: 281298072